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Edited by J. Hall Pleasakts, M. D. 

Fu'blishecl 'by authority of the State 



VOLUME L 

Proceedings and Acts of the General Assembly 
of Maryland, 1T52-1754. 



The fiftieth volume of Maryland Archires, just off the press, 
is a wortiiy companion to those which have preceded it. It is 
the twenty-third volume of the sub-series dealing with Assembly 
affairs and is a handsome quarto volume of six hundred and 
sixty-two pages. As in other recent volumes of the work it is 
prefaced with a scholarly resume of the contents, by the Editor. 

The publication of the fiftieth volume of such a series is a 
matter of more than passing interest and should be a subject of 
gratulation to the citizens of the State at large, as it is an honor 
to the Maryland Historical Society, which has every reason to 
be proud of its stewardship of our State's invaluable archives. 



BENEFACTORS AND CONTRIBUTORS TO THE FUNDS OF 
THE SOCIETY 



Mrs. Mary Washington Keyser, Gift of the BDildui|;8 «nd 

grounds of the Society (1916). 

George Peabody, Gift (1866) $20,000.00 

J. Wilson Leakin, Bequest (1923), Historical relics and 10,000.00 

Drayton Meade Hite, Gift (1919) 1,000.00 

and Bequest (1923) 0,000.00 

Mrs. Drayton Meade Hite, Bequest (1927) 4,000.00 

Mendes Cohen, Bequest (1915) 5,000.00 

Mrs. Caroline J. Lytle (1928) 6,000.00 

Van Lear Black, Gift 1,500.00 

Miss Eleanor S. Cohen, Gifts (1919), Historical relics and $300, 

Memorial to her parents, Israel and Cecilia E. Cohen (1926) 1,000.00 
Miss Susan Dobbin Leakin (1924), Preparation of J. Wilson 

Leakin room and contribution to its contents. 

Oharlefe Exley Calvert, Gift 1,150.00 

Mrs. Thomas B. Gresham, Bequest (1926) 1,200.00 

Isaac Henry Ford, Bequest (1916) 1,000.00 

W. Hall Harris, Gift 1,000.00 

Isaac F. Nicholson, Gift (1909) 1,000.00 

Isaac Tyson Norris, Gift (1916) 1,000.00 

J. Henry Sticlcney, Bequest (1892) 1,000.00 

Mrs. Emilie McKim Reed, Bequest (1926) 1,000.00 

Henry Stockbridge, Gift (1920) 1,000.00 

DeCourcy W. Thorn, Gift 1,000.00 

Mrs. DeCourcy W. Thorn, Gift 1,000.00 

W. G. Baker, Gift 500.00 

Mrs. W. Hall Harris, Gift 500.00 

Adelaide S. Wilson, Gift 500,00 

J. Appleton Wilson, Gift 500.00 

William Power Wilson, Gift 500.00 

Mrs. Rebecca Lanier King, Bequest (1928) 500.00 

McHenry Howard, Gift 333.34 

Charles McHenry Howard, Gift 333.33 

Elizabeth Gray Howard, Gift 333.33 

Simon Dalsheimer, Gift 300.00 

Miles White, Jr., Gift 300.00 



Miss Nellie WilliamB, Gift $ 200.00 

Charles C. Homer, Jr., Gift 150.00 

Raphael Semmes, Gifts 140.00 

Mrs. George P. Libby, Gifts 125.00 

Samuel M. Wilson, Gift 120.00 

Louis H. Dielman, Gift 100.00 

E. C. Hoffman, Gift 100.00 

Henry P. Hynson, Gift 100.00 

William Ingle, Gift 100.00 

Mrs. Kebecca Littlejohn, Gift 100.00 

John H. Morgan, Gift 100.00 

Lawrence J. Morris, Life Membership 100.00 

Mrs. Charlotte Oilman Paul, Gift 100.00 

Mrs. Mary B. Redwood, Life Membership 100.00 

Mrs. Mary Clough Cain, Life Membership 100.00 

George Harvey Davis, Life Membership 100.00 

Mrs. Ida M. Shirk, Life Membership 100.00 

Mrs. Joseph Y. Jeanes, Life Monbership 100.00 

Bernard C. Steiner, Gift 100.00 

J. Alexis Shriver, Life Membership 100.00 

Mr. Edmund Key, Life Membership 100.00 

Edwin Warfield, Jr., Gift 75.00 

Mrs. Emma U. Warfield, Gift 75.00 

Blanchard Randall, Gift 43.42 

Ferd. Bernheimer, Gift 30.00 

Walter I. Dawkins, Gift 25.00 

William J. Donnelly, Gift 25.00 

A. E. Duncan, Gift 25.00 

Mrs. E. Edmunds Foster, Gift 25.00 

John W. Marshall, Gift 25.00 

John Parker, Gift 25.00 

Mrs. Joseph Y. Jeanes 25.00 

Daniel Annan, Gift 20.00 

C. C. Shriver, Gift 20.00 

Mrs. Francis T. Redwood, Gift 16.00 

Mrs. John H. Sherburne, Gift 10.00 

Mrs. Annie Leakin Sioussat, Gift 10.00 

Samuel Grafton Duvall, Gift 10.00 

Mrs. V. E. Mohler, Gift 10.00 

William B. Levy, Gift 5.00 

Philip Francis Trippe, Gift 5.00 



THE MARYLAND 
HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

INCORPORATED 1843. 

H. Ibvini; Eetbeb MianmiAi. Bmumra, 
201 W. MasvumT Stkeet, 



OFFICERS. 

President, 
W. HALL HARRIS. 

Vice-Pretidents 

GEORGE L. RADCLIPFE, CLINTON L. RIGGS, 

RICHARD M. DUVALL. 

Corresponding Secretary, Recording Secretary, 

J. HALL PLEASANTS. JAMES B. HANCOCK. 

Treasurer, 
HBYWARD E. BOYCB. 



THE COUNCIL. 

The G^tebal Officebb 

aitd reesbsentarntes of stam)ikg comk ittssss : 

G. CORNER FENHAGEN, Representing the Trustees of the Athenaeum. 

J. HALL PLEASANTS, " Committee on Publication. 

HENRY J. BERKLEY, M. D., " Committee on the Library. 

WILLIAM INGLE, " Committee on Finance. 

JAMES D. IGLEHART, " Committee on Membership. 

LAURENCE H. FOWLER, " Committee on the Gallery. 

J. ALEXIS SHRIVBR, " Committee on Addresses. 

WILLIAM B. MARYE, " Committee on Genealogy. 



CONTENTS. 



PAGE 

The English Beginnings of Maetland. By Mrs. Arthur B. Bibbitis, 283 



DiSFRANcniSKMENT IN MARYLAND (1861-67). By William, A. Russ, 

Jr., 309 

Eablt Maryland Newspafiss. OompHed by George 0. Keidel, 

Ph.D 328 

Baltimore County Land Eecords of 1673. Oontributed by Louis 

Dow Seisco, 345 

Pboceedinob (xf the Sooiett 350 

Notes, Reviews and Queries, 355 



Oommittee on Publicationt 

SAMUEL K. DENinS, Chairman. 
JOHN M. VINCENT, J. HALL PLEASANTS. 



LOUIS H. DIELMAN, 
ESitor. 



MARYLAND 
HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 



Vol. XXVIII. December, 1938. No. 4. 



THE ENGLISH BEGINNINGS OF MAEYLAND. 
Mrs. AsTHim Baknetsm) Bibbiits. 

Three centuries have passed since the two sailing ships, the 
Ark and the Dove, freighted with the destinies of Maryland, 
left Cowes, on the Isle of Wight, England, Nov. 22, 1633. 

After a tedious voyage of four months, hu^ing the coast of 
Africa for safety, and then across to the friendly West Indies, 
they sailed proudly through the Capes, and up the broad -waters 
of the Chesapeake which had so delighted Sir George Calvert 
five years before, and anchored safe from the Indians on St. 
Clement's (now jBIackiston's) Island, in the Potomac. A few 
days later, March 27, 1634, with boom of cannon, and colors 
flying the company went ashore on the mainland. At what is 
now St. Mary's City, they purchased the village-site of the 
Yaocomicos and began the actual settlement of Maryland. 

Does the story of Maryland begin with the coming ashore of 
these colonists ? By no means. 

Maryland's history is part of a much larger whole. It is not 
solely a native American growth. It grew not up out of the 
soil of Maryland alone, but was, first of all, the result of genera- 
tions of English enterprise and civilization, projected into the 
crude, new conditions of the American wilderness. 

Sir George Calvert was a leading Englishman first, and 
later the Founder of Maryland. He was part of the pulsating 
era of Queen Elizabeth and James I, a chief actor of the time 

283 



284 



MASTLAKD HISTOBICAL MAQAZINE. 



of Kaleigh and Cecil, of Shakespeare and Bacon, a period 
which was the inception of England's greatness as a nation. 

The begianiags of Maryland more than of any other colony 
were a direct reflection of English vicissitudes of Court, Church 
and State. This was because Sir George Calvert was Secretary 
of State to J ames I. at the strategic time when England was at 
the parting of the ways between feudalism and liberalism, 
between royal autocracy and democratie privily. 

Maryland's proprietary rights were a counterpart of the 
princely prerogatives of the Bishop of the palatinate of Dur- 
ham, near neighbor to George Calvert's home in Yorkshire. 
Toby Matthews, the Bishop's son, was one of his school-mates, 
and whose home, the towering castle on the precipice above the 
Eiver Weare, was the boy's first vision of pomp and power. 

Maryland's constitutional privileges were a reflection of the 
Stuart idea of the legitimate functions of sovereign and sub- 
ject, the former to initiate, the latter to consent to laws so pro- 
posed. 

Sir George Calvert, friend and loyal supporter of monarchy, 

sought to preserve intact in his charter the rights of sovereignty. 

His son, Cecil Calvert, who lived through the compelling 
lessons of the Declaration of Rights, the Civil War, and the 
execution of Charles I., conceded by grant or judicious com- 
promise, a broad-minded liberty, civil and religious, which made 
Maryland unique among colonial people w'ho sought freedom in 
America from political and ecclesiastical strife. 

Maryland inherited the Stuart idea of government, but its 
administration in hands far wiser than the Stuarts, preserved 
for its proprietors their Province when the Stuart King Charles 
I. lost both his throne and his head. Whence came the forces 
that shaped the lives of its founders, and thus brought into 
existence their colony in the New World ? 

The age of Elizabeth and James I. had recently emerged out 
of feudalisnv. The invention of gunpowder had taught its 
leveling message. 

Fortressed castles like " Old Wardour ", where Cecil Calvert 
sought his bride. Lady Anne Arundell, were soon to find they 



THE ENGLISH BEGITTNIirGS OF MAJtYLAND. 285 



could no longer stand the onslaught of the new warfare. The 
knight of chivalry, of sword and buckler was gone. His place 
was taken by men of affairs, interested in adventure, in coloni- 
zation, or in state-craft as advisers to the crown, as was Sir 
Robert Cecil, friend of George Calvert, who was to succeed him 
as Secretary of State. 

The destructicsn of the old strongholds foretokened the down- 
fall of their owners as a privileged class. The Civil War 
hastened the end of the rule of the privileged few. It pulled 
dovm the barriers between sovereign and subject, between class 
and class, and opened an entraaee to d^ocratic right and 
privilege. Men insisted on redress o£ gtiewsncm before ftmds 
were granted for royal schemes. 

While the old lines of cleavage were being wiped out, new 
and sharp barriers were being set up in religious practice and 
belief. 

The Reformation under Henry VIII. who had thrown, off 
the Papal yoke, left England in the throes of a mighty strug- 
gle between the adherents of the new faith and the growing 
opposition to Rome. Both felt it obligatory to root out heresy. 
Many refused to observe Protestant forms and usages — of these 
the " recusants " of Yorkshire were a conspicuous example, 
and George Calvert's maternal kinsfolk, the Croslands and 
Hawksworths, prominent families of Yorkshire, were among 
the faithful. 

When Elizabeth succeeded her stem sister Queen Mary, she 

rejoiced her people by the espousal of Protestantism, and be- 
came the uncompromising foe of Mary's husband, Philip of 
Spain. He determined to reconquer England for the Pope, and 
place Mary, Queen of Scots, on the throne. Elizabeth lived in 
an atmosphere of threat and conspiracy which shadowed young 
and old alike. 

Two Gbeat Evewts isr Yottwo Calvbbt's Life. 

As a pale-faced lad of six, George Calvert, son of Leonard 
Calvert and Alice Crosland daughter of John Crosland of 
Croslands, sat with bated breath in the quaint old manor house 



286 



MABYLAiro HISTOBIOAl, MAGAZIITE. 



at Kiplin, Yorkshire, while his mother told of the fatal day in 
1586 when Mary, the rash but resolute, laid her auburn head 
upon the block at Fotheringay Castle, herself the victim of 
Babington's Conspiracy to have her supplant Elizabeth, a plot 
which for a time threatened though falsely to involve his own 
grandfather, John Crosland of Croslands. 

Scarce was this grim tragedy submerged when in 1588 
Mary's avenger Philip of Spain bore down on England with 
the 140 unwieldy " galleons " of the Spanish Armada, " fit for 
a pageant, but not for a fight ", and united all England behind 
their Queen. Spain was nearly bankrupt when her fleet set on 
fire by i3ie swift English boats drifted to destruction, and the 
rest were wrecked on the coast of Scotland. England succeeded 
her as the world's leader in religious and maritime affairs. 

"Now George Calvert the boy of eight thrilled anew as he 
heard of the Spanish hulks wrecked on the Yorkshire coast, 
and yearned to outstrip Sir Francis Drake in his service to 
England. 

Geoege Calveet's Ancestet. 

The Oalverts had come to Yorkshire from Flanders, of an 
" auncient familie and estate ", which to-day numbers a 
thousand acres around Kiplin on the left bank of the Swale. 
They previously had a seat at Danby Wiske, and Lazenby 
Hall, Yorkshire. Leonard Calvert's lands already yielded such 
fiine returns from the wool-raising industry which the thr,ifty 
Flemings had introduced into England that his son George was 
soon to be sent down to Trinity College, Oxford, where Sir 
Walter Ealeigh's exploits in America were on every tongue. 

To reach Kiplin to-day, one must leave the main road from 
York to Durham, and journey westward by rail to Scorton 
Station. 

A short drive will bring us to Scorton itself, a quaint old- 
world village, clustered round the village green, the chief orna- 
ments of which are the vine-clad vicarage, the " Shoulder of 
Mutton Inn ", and. the Library erected by the lord of the 
Manor. 



THE ENGLISH BEGINNINGS OB" MABYLAND. 287 



Two miles farther and we reach the Manor of Kiplin where 
George Calvert was born in 1580, no doubt in the old manor- 
house which preceded the present one. 

Our discovery on investigation that the existing manor-house 
was the actual house built by Calvert in 1622, at the height of 
his official life was a great satisfaction to us, as all authorities 
we had read had simply stated that " he was born at Kiplin," 
easily confused with the hamlet of Kiplin, with no allusion to 
the family as landed proprietors, or to this stately house as his 
home when he planned the province of Maryland/ 

In the York Kegistry 1534-1556 we discovered numerous 
wills spelt variously, Calvard, Calverte and Calvert, all of 
" Oulcotes, parish Arneclif." The earliest was of William 
Calvert, Feb. 9, 1542, while that of most interest was of John 
Calvert of Oulcotes, May 9, 1566, who mentions his sons 
" Leonard, John and William very probably George Cal- 
vert's grandfather, whose name was John. 

Calvebt's Motheb Adhebbs to the Old Faith, 

While comparatively little is known of Leonard Calvert's 

ancestry or religious connections, much of new interest became 
available in this region regarding his mother's background, and 
loyalty to the old faith indicating the home influences which 
eventually brought her son back to the church of his early 

training. 

The Croslands were people of importance among Yorkshire 
gentry. They bore a coat of arms of which the chief emblem — 
the cross, indicating their Cmsade lineage — is conspicuous in 
the Maryland seal and flag, a blend of the Calvert and Crosland 
arms. 

The mother of Alice or Alicia Crosland of Croslands near 

^ These rare photographs of the still existing connecting-links between 
early Maryland and England were secured by the author, Mrs. Bibbins, when 
in England, and their publication here has been made possible by the 
courtesy and co-operation of the Maryland Tercentenary Commission. Copy- 
right applied for. 



288 



MAKYLAND HISTOBICAL MAQAZINE. 



Almondbury was a daughter of Hawksworth of Hawks- 
worth, head of another prominent Yorkshire family, some of 
whom were of the proscribed faith. 

These shaping influences which early surrounded young 
Calvert became apparent as soon as we stopped beyond Scorton 
at the ancient church of St. Mary's, Bolton-on-Swale, in the 
village of Kiplin. Although the Calverts were lords of the 
manor for more than a century, " there are no family records in 
the old register ", because as the vicar Kev. Dacre Malinder ex- 
plained " the family was of the Catholic faith ". 

It is interesting to note of this ancient church that Bulmer's 
History of !N"orth Yorkshire states it was in 1604 that George 
Calvert's mother who " was devotedly attached to the old faith, 
refused to comply with the law, and receive the sacrament at 
Easter in the church at Bolton." 

In the list of " Eecusants and Non-Communicants in York- 
shire in 1604," in Peacock's " Yorkshire Catholics ", p. 69, 
(transcribed from the Eawlinson MSS. in the Bodleian 

Library, Oxford), is this entry—" Bolton parishe: wife 

of Leonard Calvert of Kipling, non-communicant at Easter 
last ". 

As the fine for absence from communion in the parish church 
in those critical times was sometimes twenty pounds, the test 
of fidelity was a seyere one. One does not wonder that with this 
evidence of his mother's liability to penalty and persecution, 
George Calvert became an advocate of tolerance and religious 
freedom, and was resolved to provide a refuge and haven for 
his friends in the new world. 

As his parents with much foresight had sent him at the early 
age of 14 to Oxford University, he arrived at the flood-tide of 
colonial enterprise which was to center his reflecting mind later 
on in a solution of some of England's problems in scenes far 
aloof from European penalties and handicaps. 

His rapid advancement is chronicled by Anthony Wood in 
the quaint lines in " Athenae Oxonienses ", which record his 
noteworthy progress. 



THE BsraLisH BEsmiriiffltg om mabtland. 289 



Calvebt's Kecoed at Oxfoed. 

" George Calvert, son of Leonard Calvert by Alice his wife, 
Daugh. of John Crosland of Crosland, was born 1580 at Kiplin 
in the Chappelry of Bolton in Yorksh. (at which place he be- 
stowed much Money in building in the latter end of the Eeign 
of K. James I.) 

He became a Commoner at Trinity College in Lent Term, 
1593-4, and in the year of his age 15, took one degree in Arts 
in 1597, and then travelled beyond the Sea. On his return he 
was made Secretary to Sir Rob. Cecill one of the prime Secre- 
taries of State, being then esteemed a forward and knowing 
person in matters relating to the State. When Sir Robert was 
advanced to higher offices, he retained him for several years for 
his prudence and faithfulness in many weighty Matters." 

And then he adds in admiration at his rapid promotion. 

" In 1606 he was actually created Mayster of Arts when 
James I. was entertak^d by the University." 

On this extraordinary occasion of much magnificence, James 

entered Oxford on horseback surrounded by an imposing 
cavalcade of nobles and courtiers and was received like Eliza- 
beth with costly banquets and pompous disputations which 
delighted his pedantic self-complacency. 

The Duke of Lennox, the Earl of Oxford and Northumber- 
land and Sir Robert Cecil also received the Master's degree as 
well as Calvert, then an untitled commoner. He was at this time 
twenty-five years of age and recently married (Nov. 22, 1604, 
to Anne Mynne, dau. of George Mynne, of an ancient family 
of Bexley, Kent, his son Cecil who was named for his patron 
being bom about March 1, 1606). 

Anthony Wood continues his chronicle: 

" Afterwards, By the endeavors of Sir Robert Cecill, he was 
made one of the Clerks of the Council and in 1617 received 
the honour of Knighthood from his Majesty at Hampton Court. 
In 1618 ^ he was made Secretary of State to his Majesty, 
who as before had used his help in many matters of moment, 
so did he oftener afterwards to his great benefit and advantage. 
In 1620 the King gave him a yearly pension of a thousand 

' At Cecil's death. 



290 MABTIAND HISTOBICAL HA&AZINB. 

pounds from the Customs, and on the 16th of Feb. 1624 he 
was by the name of Sir George Calvert of Danby Wiske, York- 
shire, Knight, created Baron of Baltimore, of the County of 
Longford in Ireland, being then a Roman Catholic, or at least 
very much addicted to their religion. 

As for his adventuring into America as absolute Lord of 
Avalon in the New-found-land, and taking possession of a 
peninsula between the Ocean on the East, and the Bay of 
Chesapeake on the West, afterwards called by him Mary-land, 
let the histories of Travelers tell you." 

Calvbht's Eablt Intbbbst is Colonization. 

No doubt Calvert's first interest in colonization was deeply 
stirred at Oxford. Sir Walter Ealeigh one of the most brilliant 
men in the world's annals had left Oriel College to confer upon 
his discovery in the New World the name " Virginia " in honor 
of his royal patroness, the virgin Queen Elizabeth. The dis- 
appearance of his first colonists in the woods of America had 
thrilled England into repeated efforts to trace their end. 
Ealeigh's friend, Richard Hakluyt of Oxford, the great his- 
torian of English discovery, had stirred tremendous interest by 
his great folios " Hakluyt's Voyages ". 

It was Calvert's Oxford training with his intimate knowledge 
of the successes and failures of the first colonial attempts, which 
enabled him and his son to make of Maryland the " first 
American Colony which was a success from the beginning ". 
He became a member of the Virginia Company in 1609, and 
later one of the councillors for New England. 

No surer road to fortune could befall him than to enter 
Cecil's service at the height of his power as James's trusted 
administrator of the nation's destinies. England's policy was 
now in safe hands. Cecil knew how to avoid entangling alli- 
ances with foreign powers, and to steer at home the resolute 
forces checked by Elizabeth's Tudor diplomacy, but now ready 
to vent themselves upon the slobbering son of Mary, Queen of 
Scots. 

Her thrift had barely made ends meet in this era when the 
influx of Spanish gold from the New World had materially 



THE ENGLISH BEGINNINGS OF MAEYLAND. 



291 



raised prices. When James made pedantic efforts to enforce 
what he called his " divine right " to privileges the Commons 
deemed their own, a clash of interests was bound to ensue. 

James who wore his doublet quilted from fear, and averted 
his head from the sword when he dubbed a knight, amused his 
new subjects. 

His pretended learning led Hrairy IV. of France to term 
him " the wisest fool in Christendom ". He could not apply 
his theories to existing facts. 

James had a pet theory as to the " Divine Right of Kings 
the monarch's freedom from control by law, or by anything but 
his own royal will. 

He founded his blunder on the old Tudor idea of " absolute 
monarchy", or freedom from Papal interference. But James 
declared the King was above law by his absolute power. " If 
it is blasphemy to dispute what God can do, it is high contempt 
for a subject to dispute what a King can do," was his dictum. 

The Stuart kings were in a measure victims of circumstance. 
They inherited mistaken notions of Tudor tyranny and auto- 
cracy which in their time and grasp were impossible to enforce. 

England as a nation had awakened. The Eef ormation, the 
Renaissance had developed a new Englishman, patriot to the 
core, but aroused to a keen sense of his own powers and rights 
as an individual. The old order had passed. England knew now 
the vast difference between royal prerogative and democratic 
right. 

James would not learn the lesson of the times. He asked for 
money. The Commons presented " grievances ", and insisted 
on new privileges. 

Parliament offered " the Great Contract " a revenue of 
£200,000 yearly to the King, if he would surrender certain 
oppressive feudal rights, but they would denounce the royal 
" impositions." The King said the revenue was too little and 
dissolved them a second time in disgust. 

George Calvert was a member of this Parliament. For seven 
long years James raised money by forced loans, or the shame- 



292 



MAEYLAND HISTOEICAL MAGAZINE. 



less sale of peerages. TTnfortunately, tte great Secretary, Cecil, 
had died, and Calvert had succeeded him without his astute 
experi^ce. 

The Spanish Match Leads to Calvert's Undoing. 

James now proceeded to undo all that the struggle of Eliza- 
beth and the wreck of the Armada had done for England. He 
turned to his fixed dream for years — ^the marrying of Prince 
Charles to the Spanish Infanta, whose vast dowry of two 
million crowns revealed the extent of Spanish spoils from the 
New World. " If I cannot get money from Parliament, I will 
get it from the King of Spain " he gloated, in order to scourge 
the people by turning their weapon upon themselves, but he 
found it later a two-edged sword. 

He became his own Prime Minister, gave control to such 
wily adventurers as the Duke of Buckingham, whose nod made 
the highest noble quail. 

Spain dangled the bait — the marriage, before the reckless 
eyes of the King. His allies implored against it. Parliament 
protested. " Its duty was to give money, not advice to the 
royal family ", they were told. Others backed a plan they 
hoped might entangle him in a war with Spain. 

Kaleigh was released from the Tower (kept there on a false 
charge), and sent to Guiana to discover a gold mine. Faithless 
James let him depart, but warned Spain, who drove him back 
to his ship as he landed. He tried to seize the Spanish treasure 
ships but failed. He returned, broken-hearted. His death on 
the scaffold appeased Spain, but deprived England of the 
" greatest Englishman of them all who first saw her triimiph 
at sea and in America ". 

Raleigh's maps, and papers in the Tower were delivered to 
Sir George Calvert, which keenly increased his aroused interest 
in the New World. 

J ames despite popular displeasure at Raleigh's death, pursued 
his scheme. The Ccsnmons impeached Sir Francis Bacon, Lord 



THE BN&LISU BBGllirNIir»S OP MAETLAND. 293 

Venilam, Lord High Chancellor, and friend, of Calvert," for 
bribery, and then demanded war with Spain, and a Protestant 
marriage for Prince Charles. J ames in a frenzy at their daring 
cried " Bring stools for the Ambassadors and threatened 
them with the Tower. 

The Kutg's Bepbbbbntative in Pahliambkt. 

The King then sent a letter to the Commons by Sir George 
Calvert, his official spokesman. Its burning words must have 
seared like a hot iron. 

This ominous letter which we found after much search in 
the archives of the British Museum reveals the perilous part 
Calvert was forced to enact, «3 the agent of the King at thia 
critical time. 

" His Maties Ire to Sir George Calvert, the same by him to 
the Commons House of Parliament, as making cleare his 
Maties meaning touching some poynts in his aforesaid answer 
concerning the liberties & privileges of that house, and the 
titles and rights that House hath to them. 

Eight Trustie & well beloved Couasillor, We greet you well. 

We are sorry to learn that notwithstanding our reiterated mes- 
sages to our House of Commons for going on in their businesses 
in regard of the shortnesse of tyme betwixt this & Christmas, & 
of their earnest desyre that wc should now conclude a session by 
making of good and profitable Lawes, yet they continue to 
loose tyme. . . . Whereas we told them in our said answer that 
we could not allow of the Style calling it their auncient & un- 
doubted right & inheritance, but that they shld say their 
privileges were derived from the grace and permission of our 
ancestors and Us. For the most of them grew from precidents, 
which shows rather a toleration tlmn Inheritance. 

The playne truth is that We cannot with patience endure our 
subjects to use such antimonarchiall words to us concerning 
their liberties except they had subjoyned that they were granted 
unto them by the grace and favor of our predecessors. . . . 

Let them go on cheerfully . . . rejecting wrangling upon words 

" One of the best portraits of Calvert extant, by Mytens, long remained 
the possesMon al Baeon% 4ese«rida«t, Lori Varaitm. 



294 



MAETLAND HISTOKtCAI. HAGAZINE. 



& Billables, otherwyse (which God forbid) the world shall see 
. . . and know the many curious shifts to frustraXe us of a good 
purpose . . . whereof when the country shall come to be truly 
enformed they will give the authors thereof little thanks. 

Koyston, 16 Dec. 1621 

To our right Trusty & well beloved Counsillor Sr. G. Calvert, 
Ent, one of our principal Secretaries." 

Calvert found it a thankless task indeed, to stem the rising 
tide of indignation at the King's resistance. He could not 
forsee the constitutional monarchy of the future, controlled by 
a Parliament representing the will of the people. The assaults 
on royal prerogative must have betokened to him a carnival of 
misrule and revolution such as France endured a century later. 
Calvert's chief antagonist in the Commons and the Virginia 
Company was Sir Edwin Sandys whose advanced ideas were a 
perpetual terror to the King. Calvert was ordered to keep 
him in restraint, and to explain as best he could the absence of 
this great parliamentary leader. 

J ames hated Sir Edwin so bitterly that he sent the Virginia 
Company about to elect a governor, the well known message 
" Choose the devil, if you will, but not Sir Edwin Sandys " ! 
Sandys was chosen for deputy governor, and soon after im- 
prisoned. Parliament deemed this " a crying grievance ". Its 
temper was heard in the answer it returned to Calvert's letter. 

It resolved " That the liberties, franchises, and jurisdiction 
of Parliament are the ancient and undoubted birthright and 
inheritance of the subjects of England, and that the defence of 
the Realm & redress of grievances are proper subjects of debate 
in Parliament . . . and that every member of the House ought 
to have freedom of speech to treat the same. . . . 

The king met this protest with a " characteristic outrage." 
He sent for the Journals of the House, and tore out the ob- 
noxious pages with his own hands, crying passionately " I will 
govern according to the common weal, but not according to the 
common will ", — and thereupon, he dissolved Parliament, once 
more. But the victory of the Ccmmons was complete. 



THE SNQLISH BBGIITNING® OF UAMXLAm). 295 



Pabliambnt Supbbmb — The King Defeated. 

Every power it claimed it had secured, free speech, the right 
of taxation, of impeachment, against monopolies, all came into 
its keeping. Parliament and not the King had become the sov- 
ereign power. James, blind to the inevitable, still clung to his 
Spanish dream. " Baby Charles " as James called him became 
precipitate. At Buckingham's instigation the impetuous pair 
set off for Madrid in disguise, thinking their presence would 
secure the promised bride. They threw the Spanish Court, and 
the Infanta alike into consternation. On the way they stopped 
in Paris where Charles saw the young Princess Henrietta Maria, 
daughter of Henry IV, his future Queen, after whom Maryland 
was later named by Charles " Terra Mariae Land of Mary. 
As ake was but a child of 13 then, he paid little attention to her. 

Secretary Calvert writes the King March 31, 1623 that he 
" has just received a packet from Spain, detailing the reception 
of the Prince ", and asks " if bonfires shall now be ordered ". 
James replies he is to " thank the King of Spain for the honour- 
able entertainment given the Prince. Bonfires are to be made 
in London". 

Spain played fast and loose with the Prince. It demanded 
a Catholic education for the Prince's children, and that the 
English laws against Catholics be relaxed. Even then they with- 
held the bride, they did not torus* Charles's promises. 

Calveet Eesigns, Retuens to Kiplin. 

The Prince enraged at his failure hastened back to England 
eager to vent his wrath upon Spain. A great burst of national 
joy greeted him. Charles forced James to summons Parliament, 
and urged supplies for a rupture with Spain. The laws against 
Catholics were renewed with vigor. 

During James's intrigues with Spain, many courtiers had 
declared their adherence to the old faith, among them Secretary 
Calvert, whose mother was a Catholic. 



296 . MASXLAKD HISTOBIGAXi MASAZITS-E. 

He had staked his hopes for England upon the King's plans, 
but he now scrupled to break a treaty oath and plunge his 
country into war to gratify the wounded vanity of Charles and 
the Duke. To humiliate him the Duke had business diverted 
from his office. Sick at heart at a King's service where faith- 
fulness was rewarded by the imworthy caprice of a degraded 
favorite, he disposed of his office to Sir Albert Morton for 
£6000 and resigned Feb. 1625. Though the King professed a 
particular affection for him because of his great abilities and 
integrity and created him Lord Baltimore of Baltimore in Ire- 
land, he wished to retire to the stately home designed by Inigo 
Jones he had recently built in Yorkshire, and prepare for his 
new world adventure. 

With Sir Toby Matthews, his boyhood friend, now a Catholic 
though son of the Bishop of Durham, he left London, faithful 
and unscathed in a period which had tried men's souls. It had 
victimized Raleigh, impeached Bacon, and was soon to execute 
Strafford, Calvert had followed his convictions at the cost of 
place and power. It is the high startdsrd of a loyal courtier by 
which he shoiJd be judged. 

Wow for respite he refreshed his soul in the beautiful en- 
virons of Kiplin, his grief stirred anew by the recent loss of 
Lady Anne who had planned with him this stately home for 
their posterity, and then been called away from their hopeful 
brood of ten children by the birth of the youngest son, John. 
Their names and the family record of five sons and five daugh- 
ters are given in imposing style in lie " emblazoned pedigree " 
beside the choice marble altar-^ure which represents their 
mother on her tomb in the church at Hertingfordbury, Herts. 
It was soon after the death of his wife, who was of the 
Ei^lish church, that he returned to the faith of his mother. 

KiPLIir, A CoiTTEIBUTIOir TO AeCHITBCTUEAL FaOOBiESS. 

Kiplin, as it was erected in 1622 was a very notable contri- 
bution to the changing domestic architecture of the period. 
Designed by the Surveyor of Public Works to James I for his 
chief Secretary of State, Sir George Calvert, the architect (the 



THE ENQUSH BEGINNINGS OT MABTLAND. 



297 



reviver of classical architecture), Sir Inigo Jones has empha- 
sized its transition from the era of the mediaeval fortress to 
more modern needs by changing its grim towers once used for 
lookout posts and battlements into great four-square chimneys 
which at once suggest the new comfort and luxury of the Stuart 
period. This was later enhanced by the addition of a library 
wing by a recent owner, the late Admiral Walter Cecil 
Carpenter. 

The time-mellowed seventeenth century bricks bespeak the 
recent change from stone to brick, while the muUioned windows 
tell of the new use of glass imtead of wicker and lattice. The 
walls were hung with tapestries and arras work. 

Outside the ancient yellow yew-hedge, the lime, linden, oak 
and thome trees, the stone-pillared gateway and the antique 
wall testify no less to its great age, as well as to its remarkable 
preservation as birthplace of three-century old Maryland. No 
other State probably possesses such a unique connecting-Hnk 
with its own historic past. 

On the walls to-day are portraits of the Talbots * who inter- 
married with the Calverts, one of the Earl of Tyrconnell, and 
one of King Charles II, who it is said was grand-father to Lady 
Charlotte Lee, wife of Benedict Leonard Calvert, 4th Lord 
Baltimore. 

Kiplin remained in the immediate family of the Calverts 
until 1713 when it was purchased by Christopher Crowe, who 
later married Lady Charlotte, widow of the 4th Lord Baltimore. 
His great-great-grand-daughter, Sarah, who inherited the estate, 
married John Delaval Carpenter, the 4th Earl of Tyrconnell, 
and upon his death without heirs, the property was bequeathed 
to the Earl's cousin, the Hon. Walter Cecil Talbot, Second son 
of the Earl of Shrewisbury, who in 1868, assumed the name and 
arms of Carpenter and was known as Admiral, the Hon. Walter 
Cecil Carpenter so that the estate for two centuries owned by 
the Calverts has since been own«d by those intimately connected 
with the same background. 

* Oraee, a dat^jbter of George, mmiiei. Mr I^>fcert Talbot. 



298 



MASTLAHD HI«TOBIOAI. HiL&AZINSi. 



It was after several years stay amid the choice environment 
of Kiplin, during which he married again that Calvert turned 
his mind to visit his colony at Avalon in Newfoundland in 1627, 
as he wrote the Earl of Wentworth : " I must either go and 
settle it in order, or . . . lose all the charges for these six years 
by-past ". 

He built an imposing mansion, equipped it finely, at an out- 
lay of £30,000 then found the rigors of the climate " had made 
his house a hospital, of 100 persons 50 sick at a time and nine 
or ten of them dyed ", so he writes King Charles pathetically, 
Aug. 19, 1629 : 

" JSTot knowing better how to employ the poore remainder of 
my days," he adds " I will remove with forty persons to Vir- 
ginia, if your Majesty will grant me a precinct of land with 
such privileges as the king, your father, my gracious master, 
was pleased to grant me here I shall endeavor to deserve it, and 
pray for your Majesty's long and happy reign ". 

What were these privileges, and whence had they come, which 
Lord Baltimore wished to transfer from his charter of Avalon 
to Maryland ? 

They were the princely powers of the Palatinate of Durham, 

which adjoined Calvert's Yorkshire home upon the north, and 
were intimately known by him for their value and extent. 

Dueham's Peinoblt Powees Oonfeebbd on Oaltbet. 

William the Conqueror built Durham Castle in 1072, 

Half Church of God, 

Half fortress 'gainst the Scot, 

to guard the Cathedral and monastery, and gave the Bishop of 
Durham powers almost equal to those of the King, to protect 
England from the ravages of the warlike Scots on its northern 
border. 

These special powers were both civil and military. Because 
of the Bishop's remoteness from the courts at London, he could 
erect courts, prmieh raiminalB, Bad furnish speedy justice, and 



THE ENGLISH BEGINNINGS OF MAEYLAND. 299 

in case of invasion, he could summon forces, make war and 
repel attack. Lord Baltimore desired just such powers for his 
wilderness kingdom of Maryland, and moreover, he added in 
his Maryland charter " as great as had been enjoyed by any 
Bishop of Durham ", and so obtained for himself powers 
" greater than any ever conferred on a subject by any sovereign 
of England 

He was given permission but not compelled to have churoheB 
consecrated according to the laws of England. 

He had power to enact laws with the assent of the freemen 
of the province. Thus the enacting power was not with the 
Assembly but with the Proprietary — a relic of Stuart autocracy, 
but the people soon claimed the right to propose or originate 
legislation, and after a threatened deadlock, his successor, Cecil, 
wisely surrendered his charter right to initiate laws. 

Calvert's court experience had taught him to protect his 
colonists from royal exactions such as Virginia had suffered. 
The power of the Crown to impose any customs or taxation was 
distinctly renounced. The colonists were to have all the rights 
and liberties of Englishmen, and Lord Baltimore the most 
favorable construction possible as to the interpretation of his 
charter. King Charles may have deemed special favor was 
due Calvert for the disappointment and retribution he had 
caused him over the Spanish match. 

At all events all these charter rights were bestowed on this 
determined colony-planter on condition that he render the King 
at Windsor Castle the insignificant tribute of two Indian 
arrows annually, in token of fealty, and one-fifth of the native 
gold and silver found in Maryland, which never materialized. 
He, moreover, held Maryland by free and common soccage in- 
stead of by knights' service as with Avalon. 

Sir George Calvert " probably drafted with his own hand — 
the hand of an experienced and accomplished man of the 
court ", the charter of Maryland, ae he had previously done that 
of Avalon. 

"The ambiguous passages in the Maryland charter which 



300 



MAEYX,AITD HISTOEICAL MAGAZINE. 



have been accounted evidence of design to make way for tolera- 
tion or even possible dominance of Catholicism had appeared 
already in the charter of Avalon. Was it intended to supply a 
refuge for Englishmen of Catholic faith ? The question is not 
easily answered." The great cost of the enterprise, £30,000, 
suggests that others must have been associated with him. 

If the Maryland Charter has appeared to some " a master- 
piece of dexterous ambiguity ", it must be conceded Calvert had 
to secure what he could in the only way the laws of England then 
permitted. 

The times were exigent. If the colony were intended to be a 
refuge for such recusants as his mother, other kinsfolk, and 
leading Catholics, toleration and protection were the best he 
could obtain for his co-religionists, and this only by granting 
the same to Protestants. 

In the meantime an even greater crisis to English civil liber- 
ties had arisen. 

When Charles I. succeeded his father, the stru^le between 
the King and Parliament waxed more intense than over. 
Charles' obstinate defiance of Parliament from 1625 to 1629 
threatened the suspension of all Parliamentary institutions in 
England. The bitter religious bigotry of Archbishop Laud per- 
secuted Puritan and Roman Catholic alike, and the only refuge 
of tormented Englishmen seemed in flight. 

While the Puritans sought refuge in New England, the even 
more cruel laws against Catholics caused Hiem to make renewed 
effort for a sanctuary of safety. 

In 1628 the epoch-making Petition of Right was passed 
affirming the claims of the Great Charter, and the determina- 
tion of all Englishmen, Protestant and Catholic alike, to stand 
for the preservation of English liberties. 

Since the rigors of the climate of Newfoundland had obliged 
Calvert in -the fall of 1629 to sail with his colony to Virginia 
where his foes, the friends of Sir Edwin Sandys, forced upon 
him the oath of supremacy (to acknowledge the king as the 
rightful head of the Church in England), he protested this 



THE BWSLISH: BBGINKHTSB of MJiXYIjAm>. 301 

indignity, and explored with eager eye the goodly shores and 
teeming waters of the Chesapeake. 

Leaving his wife, Lady Joan, and children at Jamestown, he 
went back to England, ill, discouraged, and " much decayed in 
strength but still consumed with the purpose of establishing a 
colony which should prove a heritage for his family and a 
refuge for persecuted Englishmen, especially Catholics. Now 
began a concerted effort to provide with the aid of prominent 
English Catholics a place of security. 

On Feb. 10, 1630, Sir George Calvert with Thomas Howard, 
Earl of Arundell, applied to the Attorney General for land 
south of the James. Because of his opposition to the King's 
exactions, Arundell was committed to the Tower, and died in 
November, 1630. 

Calvert was now assisted by Father Richard Blount, Provin- 
cial of the English Province, Society of Jesus, who sent Fathers 
White and Altham with Calvert to further the settlement 
secui'ed north of the Potomac. 

Calvert obtained the grant of Maryland in his name alone by 
a charter very similar to Avalon, but died exhausted by his 
labors and was buried April 15, 1632, in St. Dunstan's-in-the- 
West, Fleet St., London, in' grounds adjoining the Royal Courts 
of Justice, a spot which should be marked and visited by 
Marylanders. The Charter passed the Great Seal, June 20, 
1632, and was entrusted with all its hopes and possibilities to 
his son, Cecil. 

Li order to meet any opposition to the transporting of Catho- 
lics to Maryland, a paper was prepared by Blount in 1632 for 
the guidance of Lord Baltimore entitled " Objections answered 
touching Maryland ". This shows that many recusants were 
expected to go hither. 

Objections Answered Touchiitq Maetland. 
According to Blount's judgment, it might be objected — 

L That the Laws against Roman Catholics were made to 
ieeare their eoafonar^ to the Protestaait Religion, — ^but license 



302 



UAXTLASD HISTO^BICAI. JlAQJkZLSCE. 



to go to Maryland, where they may have free liberty of their 
religion would take away all hopes of their conformity to the 
Church of England. To this it should be answered " Reasons 
of State caused most of these laws, against plotting mischief to 
King or State, and to secure their allegiance by oath and penalty 
puts them out of the way of conformity to the Church of 
England." 

II. Such a license will seem a kind of toleration of Popery. 
To be answered " This Parliament has given passes to Catholics 
to go to France. Why not to Maryland ? " 

III. The King's revenues will be impaired by losing benefit 
of Recusants estates. To be answered " That Law was not made 
for the King's profit, but to free the Kingdom of Recusants, so 
going to Maryland would relieve the Kingdom of them." 

IV. Going to Maryland would draw away people and wealth 
from England. Answer — " The number of Recusants in Eng- 
land is not so great that the departure of them all from hence 
would little prejudice the Kingdom in decrease of people or 
wealth." 

(St(®eyhurst MSS. Anglia, Vol. IV). 
Md. Hist. Society Fund Pub. No. 18. 

This important document of Father Blount's of 1632 shows 
that the Charter of Maryland was from the start believed to 
assure liberty of conscience to Roman Catholics, and that, of 
course, toleration for Catholics carried with it, of necessity, 
toleration for all Christians. This was to be one of the " f imda- 
mental instructions 

Hence Cecil Calvert organized his first expedition so that it 
was composed of neither faith exclusively. To have done 
otherwise would have wrecked it. When the ships were halted 
at Gravesend after sailing from London, Oct. 18, 1633, Edward 
Watkins, Searcher, administered the oath of supremacy to 128, 
who were certainly largely Protestants, so that about 128 out of 
220 were Protestants. They took on the rest with Fathers 
White and Altham at the Isle of Wight, whence they sailed 
from Cowes, I^^ov. 22, 1633. 'No Protestant minister went 
along nor waS there any provision for that service. However, 



THE BITGLISH BBGrErWEHSS OF MABTLAITD. 303 



Baltimore gave the most rigorous orders that acts of Catholic 
religion on shipboard be performed with as much privacy as 
possible " whereby any just complaint may not hereafter be 
made by them (the Protestants) in Virginia, or in England ". 
" The founders of Maryland were men of affairs shaping plan 
to opportunity, and the situation was inexorable." 

Maetlawd ToiiEEATiON — Pbactioai, Poliot, not an 
Advanced Theory. 

" There is no pretence of toleration as a theory of Govern- 
ment here ", a discerning authority says. " That would have 
been far in advance of Ealeigh, or Bacon, or even contemporary 
Puritan leaders." (Eggleston, Beginners of a Nation.) 

Under the charter only freemen enjoyed political rights. The 
Catholics had the majority of freemen, hence the first colony 
was numerically Protestant, but politically, religiously and 
socially Roman Catholic. 

It is curious to note that among the names in " Babington's 
Conspiracy " that Tyrrell the Jesuit had earlier implicated 
with John Crosland of Crosland, and then exonerated, as those 
" I most falsely and unjustly accused " were those of the 
"Earl and Countess of Arundel, Lord Win — , (Wintour?), 
Sir Thomas Gerard ", and others." 

Now we note the interesting co-incidence, that in Cecil Cal- 
vert's " List of the ' Gentlemen Adventurers to Maryland, who 
have gone thither in person ' on the first voyage, 1633, were 
the names of Edward and Frederick Wintour, sons of Lady 
Anne Wintour, and Richard Gerard, son to Sir Thomas Gerard, 
Knight & Baronet." « 

In the midst of false accusations, and the imminent peril to 
Englishmm and their sacred institutions, " the need for tolera- 

' Troubles of Our Catholic Forefathers. Boston Public Library. 

•A Relation of Maryland 1635. Bodleian Library, Oxford, England. 



304 



MAEXLAND HISTOBICAI- MAGAZINE. 



tion was based on the exigeacy of tke situation and sound 
policy ". 

Toleration was, therefore, of necessity Lord Baltimore's 
policy from the very beginning — before it was ever embodied in 
law. Without it as a fact, and as a policy, they would never 
have gotten as far as making a " Toleration Act " in 1649. 

That King Charles, grandson of Mary Stuart, was well dis- 
posed to this colony, which he himself had named in honor of 
his Catholic Queen, and as affording sanctuary to Catholics is 
evident in the highly favorable clauses Sir George Calvert was 
allowed to frame in his charter. 

In the hands of as astute an administrator as Cecil, Second 
Lord Baltimore, the charter served its purpose to compose con- 
flicting elements in a spirit of liberality, which proved him well 
in advance of the men of his age. As this historic list of the 

" First Gentlemen Adventurers to Maryland," 

is given by Cecil Calvert in the rare little second book ever 
printed concerning Maryland, The " Relation " of 1635, but 
three copies of which exist, no doubt they should appear here, 
as among the founders of a great new world commonwealth. He 
gives them as — 

The names of the Gentlemen adventurers that are gone in 

person to this Plantation, 

Leonard Calvert, the Governor, and George Calvert, his Lord- 
ships brothers. 

Jerome Hawlie, Esq. and Thomas Comwallis, Esq. Conmiis- 
sioners. 

Eichard Gerard, son to Sir Thomas Gerard, Knight and 

Baronet. 

Edward Wintour and Frederick Wintour, sonnes of the Lady 

Anne Wintour. 
Henry Wiseman, son unto Sir Thomas Wiseman, Knight. 
John Saunders, Edward Cranfield, Henry Greene, Nicholas 

Ferfax, 

John Baxter, Thomas Derrell, Captain John Hall, 
John Medcalfe and William Saire. 



the english beginnings of mabtiand. 305 
Caxveet, Father of Pkopkietaet Govbbnmbnt in 

AltKEICA. 

So admirably adapted to untrammeled growth were the provi- 
sions of the Durham palatinate for a frontier colony, that Cal- 
vert's Charter of Maryland became the model for every other 
colony (except New England) foimded afterwards. 

" This was the case with New York and the two Jerseys after 
the English conquest of New Netherlands, with Pennsylvania 
and Delaware, the two Carolinas and Georgia. One and all 
were variations upon the theme first adopted in Maryland," 
says the discerning historian, John Fiske. 

Lord Baltimore was, in fact, the Father of Proprietary gov- 
ernment in America. But these proprietary rights, at first such 
a powerful protection against the encroachments of the Crown, 
became after a time in the minds of the sturdy colonists too 
powerful an infringement of their own rights. They were 
attacked and overturned by the people jealous of their own sup- 
posed rights as English subjects. 

The story of the working out of the Durham Charter upon 
Maryland soil, steered by its Proprietor, Cecil Calvert, from his 
English home, kept there for life to defend his property and 
colonial prerogatives, is the absorbing story of Maryland's first 
half century. This story is centred no longer in the North, but 
at Wardour Castle, Wiltshire, near Salisbury in the south of 
England. 

Waedotie Castle — Maktland^s New Centbe. 

At the time Cecil Calvert, the second Lord Baltimore, re- 
ceived the grant of Maiyland he had been living at Wardour 

Castle three years, having married Lady Anne, fourth daughter 
of Sir Thomas Arundell, in 1629, when she was 18 and he 23 
years of age. Their son, Charles, the quaint little lad holding 
the Map of Maryland in Gerard Zoest's great portrait of his 
father ' (which long hung at Windlestone Hall and was recently 

' A fiae copy of this virile, life-like portrait lAewu^ Lord Baltimore m 



306 



MAEYLAWD HISTOEICAL iLiQAZINE. 



sold to Lord Duveen of London for $21,000 by Sir Timothy 
Eden), was bom at Wardour in 1630. 

How intensely concerned for the new colony must have been 
Lady Baltimore with her small boy of three (the future Gov- 
ernor of Maryland in 1661), how anxious her old father of 72, 
Sir Thomas, the Valiant, Count of the Holy Koman Empire, 
famous for his capture of the Turkish battleflag at the siege of 
Gran, how interested the whole brave household which had 
beheld many martial companies set oS from its stronghold since 
its erection in 1372. Theirs was a conquering line. 

Koger de Arundell, the Norman, had come to England with 
William the Conqueror, the French word " I'hirondelle ", swal- 
low, indicating the basis of his name and family crest. The 
castle was purchased in 1547 by Lady Anne's grandfather. Her 
father. Sir Thomas, had been especially recommended for 
bravery to Emperor Kudolph II of Germany by Queen Eliza- 
beth in a letter still shown with great pride in the muniment 
room at Wardour. One of the last letters written by him to 
King Charles before his death in 1639, which the writer found 
in the English official archives, shows how heavily burdened Sir 
Thomas was not only by the King's exactions for the Civil War 
in which Charles had embroiled himseK fatally with Parlia- 
ment, but also for Lord Baltimore's costly enterprise in Mary- 
land. As it evidences Lord Arundell's warm devotion to his 
favorite son-in-law, and is a graphic picture of the feudal inter- 
dependence of sovereign and subject at the outbreak of the Civil 
War, and has never been published before, it seems fitting to 
give it in part here. Lord ArundeU writes : 

the serious-minded promoter of eolOTHzation (who had experienced the 
sudden recall of his first expedition at Gravesend, Oct. 18, 1633, and a costly 
month's delay till its departure from Cowes, Nov. 22) was made by the 
late Miss Florence Mackubin for Dr. Hugh Hampton Young of Baltimore, 
who has added it to the generous series of remarkable original portraits of 
the Proprietaries of Maryland, which he purchased from Sir Timothy Eden 
of Windlestone Hall, a direct descendant of the Calverts, and which arrived 
in Baltimore in time for the inauguration of the Maryland Tercentenary 
celebration at the War Memorial, Nov. 22, 1933. 



THE ENGLISH BEQINNINaS OF MABTLAND. 307 

To the Eight Honble Francis Windebank, Kt. 
Principall Secretarie of State to His Matie. 
from Thos. Lord Arundell of Warder. 

Right Honorable 

Finding by His Matie's letter, his will to bee that the Barons, 
Earles, etc. should attend his Matie's Person and Koyall Stan- 
dard at Yorke, in such Equipage of Armour and horse as is 
fitting unto their calling . . . my infirmities meeting with a 
Bodie of fourscore years of age have made me utterlie unable 
to attend his Matie in Person. My fourscore horsemen's 
Armour I did resign unto his Matie about two years since. . . . 
My debts which if I doe not satisfie I shall be sued and my 
Land expended) are above three and twenty thousand pounds 
(the interest whereof consumes me) . . . My plate is part sold, 
and part at pawn, with little hope to redeem it. . . . 

And to encrease my misery still more . . . my Sonne Balte- 
more is brought so lowe with his setting forward the Plantation 
of Maryland, and with the clamorous Suites and oppositions, 
which he hath mett withall in that businesse, as that I doe not 
see how he would subsist, if I did not give him his dyet, for 
himselfe, his wife, his children and servants. jSTot withstanding 
all these wants and miseries I will give toward the Armies of 
his Majestic against the mutinies of Scotland, five hundred 
pounds, to be payd in two years, which with the fourscore 
horsemens armor two yeares since, will show I am more careful 
to spend the little meanes I have for his Majestie, than to 
provide for my children and their children, whose wants cannot 
be supplied but by my care and guarding course of life. God 
have you in his keeping. 

Yours to doe you faithful service. 
Warder Castle, I7th. Tho: ArundeU. 

Februarie, 1638. 

As one gazes to-day at the valiant countenance of Sir Thomas 
which hangs close beside the lovely portraiture of Lady Anne 
by Van Dyck's skillful hand, looking out upon the grim ruins 
of " old Wardour ", which fell before the fierce siege of the Par- 
liamentary forces in 1643, we were glad to learn that both of 
them died in 1639, and so escaped the destruction of the splendid 
old stronghold, which martial Lady Blanche Arundell, with 20 



308 



MAJETLAUD HISTORICAL KAQAZIITB. 



retainers defended for two weeks, while young Lord Arundel] 
and Lord Baltimore were with the King at Oxford. 

A few of the treasures Lady Blanche saved from the wreck 
included the famous family portraits by noted English artists, 
many Italian masterpieces, and the red and gold royal Stuart 
bed, where King Charles I slept when at Wardour, and the rare 
old Saxon Wassail Cup, the most treasured relic of them all. 

As Lord Arundell, the owner of the estate, drove us over from 
the present castle, erected about 1778, to the ruins of the old 
stronghold we passed close beside the Tudor dowry-house 
" Hooke House ", given to Lady Anne by her father on her mar- 
riage to Lord Baltimore and which so generously sheltered these 
brave adventurers of their all across the sea in Maryland. 

As we looked at " Old Wardour," he asked, " Do you notice 
anything familiar about these old ruins that reminds you of 
Maryland?" 

As we looked more closely at the heavy vine clambering over 
the ruin " Can it really be Virginia creeper ? " we inquired. 
" Yes," he replied, " it is Virginia creeper sent from Maryland 
nearly three hundred years ago, with other " rarities " Lord 
Baltimore was always requesting from the colony he was never 
to see in person." And then he showed us the most remarkable 
treasure of all — a great cluster of tree-trunks of what he called 
an " iron-beam ", or " horn-beam tree ", with silvery bark which 
came from Maryland in the long ago, and had stood guard 
beside a beleaguered tower for nearly three centuries. And 
curiously enough on coming home we learned there were still 
such trees known also as " water-beaches as near Baltimore as 
our own Gwynn's Falls, and many more, in tidewater regions to 
the southward. 

As we beheld these and other rare " trophies " sent from 

Maryland's soil ages ago we were persuaded how greatly our 
broad Commonwealth beside the abounding Chesapeake was 
indebted to its Founders, the First and Second Lords Balti- 
more, for the unwearying sacrifice, patience, and persistence 
with which they had established this " land of sanctuary " and 
prosperity across the sea. 



raSFKANCHISEMBNT MAEYULND. 



309 



DISFBANCHISEMBNT IN MAEYLAND (1861-67). 
By William A. Euss, Jr. 

The rebel attitude of a large part of Maryland's population 
in 1861 was typified by the Baltimore riot. The reasons for 
this pro-Southern sympathy of perhaps the majority of the 
State's inhabitants are the same as those for the rebellious 
sentiments of Missouri and Kentucky. Each was a border 
State, containing people who adhered to both Union and Seces- 
sion; both suffered, as a consequence, from the divided state of 
public opinion inherent in such a condition. As in Kentucky, 
there were so many Southern sympathizers that it was doubtful 
what side the State would take in the struggle. If left alone, 
it would perhaps have seceded, just as Kentucky would prob- 
ably have remained neutral. The fate of the Union cause thus 
was held in the balance; for, if Maryland (which surrounded 
the national capital and which could, therefore, hamstring the 
Lincoln government) seceded, Washington would have been iso- 
lated from Union territory. Lincoln perceived this, and, as a 
matter of war necessity, determined that Maryland must not 
secede if Federal forces could prevent it. Thus once more, juet 
as in Kentucky, military force became the only bar between a 
State and rebellion; for the same reason, the army played a 
similar role in keeping the State Unionist by the usual process 
of arbitrary arrests and imprisonments without trial: in brief, 
disfranchisement of rebels by physical force/ 

Even before actual hostilities began, Maryland was occupied 
by Federal forces which were, legally or illegally, suppressing 
Secessionism and interfering in local government. As early as 
July 1, General N. P. Banks was proclaiming to the people of 

1 Cf. Rehellion Records, Series 11, Vol. II, pp. 349-58, 456-63, 480-85, for 
numerous arrests for alleged disloyalty and releases upon taking the oath. 
See also Bancroft, Seward, II, 254-81, for examples of diBfranchis^aent by 
military arrest. 



310 



MAETIiAITD HISTORICAL MAQAZINE. 



Baltimore that " Whenever a loyal citizen can be nominated to 
the office of marshal who will execute the police laws impartially 
and in good faith to the United States, the military force will 
be withdrawn at once from the central parts of the mimici- 
pality." ^ Military rule bred further secession sympathy; hence 
it soon became evident that when the legislature met, the State 
might be dedared out of the Union. Lincoln ordered General 
Scott, who ordered General Banks, to see that this did not occur. 
Secretary of War Cameron told Banks, on September 11 : " The 
passage of any act of secession by the Legislature of Maryland 
must be prevented. If necessary all or any part of the members 
must be arrested. Exercise your own judgment as to the time 
and manner, and do the work eflfectively." ° Banks did the 
work so eflfectively that on September 17 all Secessionists in the 
Legislature were arrested, twenty-nine in all.* The oath of 
allegiance was offered to all and a few took it; others were asked 
to take the oath and not return to Maryland. This was a hard 
choice for men like Quinlan, whose income was derived from 
a farm in the State.' 

After they had been incarcerated about two months. Senator 
Reverdy Johnson, on November 12, 1861, advised Seward, 
Secretary of State, that the rest of the prisoners should be 
released, for by that date, the terms of all, except of two 
Senators, had expired. The legislature by a recent election was 
safely Unionist, hence there was no reason for holding any of 
the imprisoned persons longer — except the Mayor and Com- 
missioner of Police of Baltimore who still claimed their offices. 
It would (thought Johnson) result in a good effect on public 
opinion.® But Governor Hicks, on the same day, advised Seward 
that the release of these rebels would be suicidal, for they would 
at once get in touch with the South.^ General Dix, however, 

' Rebellion Records, Series II, Vol. I, p. 625. 

• Rebellion Records, Series II, Vol. I, pp. 678-9. 

• Ibid., pp. 667-78 and p. 684. 

• Ibid., pp. 685-6, 694, 703. 
'Ibid., p. 704. 

^na., pp. 704-5. 



DISFBANOHISBMBNT IN jMABIXAim. 



311 



also advised that they be released because of their ill health 
resulting from imprisonment* Most of them were freed on 
November 26 after taking the oath, although five were retained, 
because they refused to take it." Dix did not favor the release 
of these five until Senator Lynch (one of them) resigned his 
seat. By January, 1862, due probably to more arrests, ten still 
declined to take the oath and were held until November 26, 
1862, when Stanton, Secretary of War, took over control of 
disloyal persons from Seward. Stanton immediately ordered 
the freeing of all political prisoners from Fort Warren, Boston, 
where the Maryland men had been kept. This was done at once; 
and finally, Kane, marshal of Baltimore, Brown, the mayor," 
and ten or twelve members of the legislature were freed after 
over a year of imprisonment and consequent exclusion from 
Maryland politics.^^ 

The arrest of the worst of the members of the legislature, as 
well as of the government of Baltimore, did not, by any means, 
kill the growth of rebellious sentiments in the State — as a matter 
of fact, Secessionism was increasing so much that Governor 
Thomas H. Hicks, on October 12, 1861, wrote a lugubrious 

'ma., pp. 707-8. 

• Ibid^, pp. 710-2. 

" On September 27, 1861, Seward told Dix, in command of Ft. McHenry, 
in which Mayor Brown was confined, that he might be released upon taliing 
the oath of allegiance, upon resigning his mayoralty, and upon residing in 
some Northern city. Brown refused. On October 9, Dix suggested, at the 
request of Brown's brother-in-law, that he be confined to New England, if 
released. Seward then declined this overture, and offered to release him 
only upon his taking the oath and giving parole not to aid the South and 
not to return to Maryland during the rest of the insurrection. In January, 
1862, Brown refused these terms because he said that acceptance would be 
admitting that he had been disloyal. Rebellion Records, Series II, Vol. I, 
pp. 647, 651-2, 665. Undoubtedly many of these men were unjustly im- 
prisoned. Lawrence Sangston [1814-1876], of Baltimore, a member of the 
legislature imprisoned at Fort Warren, refused to take any more oaths: 
"I have twice taken the oath to support and defend the Constitution of 
the United States during the present year and am not disposed to turn a 
solemn obligation into ridicule by constant repetitions of it." He demanded 
to know the charges against him. Ibid., p. 706. 
"/MA, pp. 728, 748. 



812 



MABYLAND HISTOBICAL MAQAZINB. 



letter on IJmon kopes im gm&e&l and MmrylaBd's situation in 

particular : 

The loyal States and our Army and Navy are full of traitors; 
many of our office-holders are faithless to the Government, and 
unless things are closely looked after and the war carried for- 
ward with greater vigor, we shall be whipped I fear. I have 
not been scared until recently; . . 

But as long as Union forces held Maryland, efforts might be 
made to neutralize rebel influence by the simple method of 
military disfranchisement, that is, keeping the disunionists from 
running for office and from voting. Such was done in the fall 
elections. On October 29, 1861, General Marcy, chief of 
McClellan's staff, ordered Banks to prevent rebels in the State 
from interfering in the coming elections of November 6; to 
send detachments of soldiers to protect Union voters and " to 
see that no disunionists are allowed to intimidate them, or in 
any way to interfere with their rights"; to arrest and confine 
till after election all disloyalists just returned from Virginia; 
to see that there was no disorder; and to suspend the writ, if 
necessary.^* The same order was sent to General Stone, com- 
manding also in Maryland. On November 1, General Dix sent 
an order from Baltimore to the United States marshal of Mary- 
land, and to the provost-marshal of Baltimore, to arrest all 
rebels who were returning to vote in the elections in order to 
carry the State for treason and rebellion. He continued : 

I, therefore, by virtue of the authority vested in me to arrest 
all persons in rebellion against the United States, require you 
to take into custody all such persons in any of the election 
districts or precincts in which they may appear at the polls to 
effect their criminal attempt to convert the elective franchise 
into an engine for the subversion of the Government, and for 
the encouragement and support of its enemies. 

It is of interest to point out how Dix and others justified 

" Ibid., Series II, Vol. II, p. 99. 

" McPherson, History of the Rebellion, p. 308. 

" MePburson, Hittory of the MebelUon, p. 308. 



813 



what seems to be a brazen violation of Maryland's right to run 
its own election. In Kentucky, and in Missouri, a disfranchis- 
ing oath was soon provided and the military could pretend to 
be executing the law when they prevented rebels from exercising 
the franchise; but Maryland had no such State law, and the 
military was forced to invent some other justification. In 
answer to a letter from the inspectors of election at New 
Windsor, Carroll county, Dix said he had no power to force 
disunionists to take an oath to support the Constitution of the 
United States, for " the constitution and laws of Maryland pro- 
vide for the exercise of the elective franchise by regulations with 
which I have no right to interfere." The only way to handle 
them, he said, was to arrest them for rebellion and treason and to 
hold them in jail imtil the election was over. Judges might 
also, by searching questions, satisfy themselves whether an 
individual was a rebel, and thus try " without any violation of 
the constitution or laws of Maryland, to prevent the pollution of 
the ballot-boxes by their votes." This was at least a practical 
solution, for no one could gainsay that imprisonment was effec- 
tive disfranchisement. The following sentiment from Dix to 
Provost-Marshal Dodge, on November 5, will complete the pic- 
ture of military disfranchisement in this election: "We have 
shown that we can control Maryland by force. We now wish 
to show that we can control it by the power of opinion, and 
we shall lose the whole moral influence of our victory if the right 
of suffrage is not free, and maintained." ^* 

Needless to state, military arrests, too numerous to detail, 
continued during the next year, much to the chagrin of all 
Marylanders, except radicals. Many of these persons secured 
release and re-enfranchisement by taking the oath of allegiance — 
the only oath yet available.*^ Still, many languished in jail; 
the reading of their suffering does not make pleasant diversion. 
The importance of these arbitrary arrests in this connection is 
that they rasped on the feelings of even Uniatiists who felt that, 

" Loe. eit. 

" nid., pp. 308-9. 

" Annual Cyclopaedia, 186S, pp. 611-12. 



314 



MAMYJUASJ) MlBTOSSaja. UAQtASLSS. 



while military control was necessary, it was being carried too 
far. At all events, this feeling appeared rather prominently in 
the elections of 1863 which comprised the next political spasm 
that the State had to go through. 

The ire of Maryland emerged in full proportions at General 
Schenck's General Order 53, of October 21, 1863, which com- 
manded provost-marshals to arrest disloyal persons " hanging 
about, or approaching any poU"; to support with soldiers the 
election officials in requiring the oath of allegiance as a test of 
citizenship from anyone whose vote was challenged; and to 
report any judge of election refusing to take such an oath him- 
seK." Governor [Bradford, thinking this an insult to Maryland 
dignity, overruled the order and protested to Lincoln. The 
President was hard put to take an attitude entirely on either 
side, for, on the one hand, he must support, if possible, the 
military which had saved Maryland in 1861; but, on the other, 
he could not lose the confidence of the people of the State, 
especially since this election was to determine the calling of a 
State convention to abolish slavery, and to pass a disfranchisii^ 
provision. In his answer, November 3, to Bradford, the Presi- 
dent told of iuterviewing Schenck, and of revoking that portion 
of the order r^arding hangers-about; and he said that the 
military forces were there only to prevent disorder by disloyal 
persons. He said that he revoked Schenck's order, " not that it 
is wrong in principle, but because the military being, of neces- 
sity, exclusive judges as to who shall be arrested, the provision is 
liable to abuse." ^ Yet the President felt that Maryland was 
to blame, since it had neglected to provide a strict oath which 
would justify the military in its acts; and, he added, in typical 
Lincoln argumentum ad hominem, that Missouri had provided 
a disfranchising oath, but that Maryland had not: 

. . . General Trimble, captured fighting us at Gettysburg, is, 
without recanting his treason, a l^al voter by the laws of Mary- 

" Nicolay and Hay, Lincoln, VIII, 462. 
" McPherson, op. cit., pp. 309-10. 
Hid., p. 310. 



BISFEAlsrCHISBMBirT IIT MAMTLASJ). 



315 



land. Even Greneral Schenck's order admits him to vote, if he 
recants upon oath. I think that is cheap enough. My order in 
Missouri, which you approve, and General Schenck's order here, 
reach precisely the same end. Each assures the right of voting 
to all loyal men, and whether a man is loyal, each allows that 
man to fix by his own oath. Your suggestion that nearly all 
the candidates are loyal, I do not think quite meets the case. In 
this struggle for the nation's life, I cannot so confidently rely 
on those whose elections may have depended upon disloyal votes. 
Such men, when elected, may prove true; but such votes are 
given them in the expectation that they will prove f alse.^^ 

On November 3 Schenck was forced to modify his order as 
Lincoln had dictated, and at the same time answered Bradford's 
protest as follows : 

Its principal purpose is to prevent traitorous persons from con- 
trolling, in any degree, by their votes, or taking part in the com- 
ing election. ... It is only framed and intended to exclude 
from a voice in the election of those who are to administer the 
affairs either of the national Goverment or of this loyal State 
such individuals as are hostile to that Government of which 
Maryland is a part ... it is clearly not a hardship, to be com- 
plained of by the individual challenged for such disqualification, 
when he is permitted to purge himself by his own oath of 
allegiance to the Government, in the management of which he 
claims a share.** 

Hardly had Lincoln instructed Schenck to mollify Maryland's 
sensibilities, when a worse incident occurred to stir up feeling 
against Federal supervision. This was an order of November 
3, from Ohestertown, issued by Lieutenant-Colonel 0. 0. Tevis, 
which, in essence, recognized no ticket but the Government one. 
He said that as a result of a correspondence between Hon. 
Thomas Swann and Lincoln, he was urging all loyal voters to 
show their sincerity by voting " the whole Government ticket, 
upon the platform adopted by the Union League Convention. 
None other is recognized by the Federal authorities as loyal and 
worthy of the support of any one who desires the peace and 

Nicolay and Hay, Papers, II, 434-5. 
•' McPhcrson, op. oit., p. 311. 

2 



316 



MABTliAND iflBTOBICAX MAaAZIKB. 



restoration of this Union." At once Schendc disavowed the 
order and put Tevis under arrest, but restored him on November 
9 upon the latter's retraction. In proclaiming Tevis's retraction, 
Schenck said that the order had been due to ' bad advisers ' and 
that there was no such thing as a Government ticket.^* 

The State having decided for a convention, the legislature in 
January, 1864:, passed a convention bill. Section 4 of which 
laid down, at great length, the qualifications for voting at the 
election for delegates, and made it almost impossible for any 
rebel vote to trickle through the meshes. This was probably 
made minute in order to evade any excuse of military inter- ^ 
f erence by the United States.'* The biU also provided against 
Federal control in the election, ordering the Governor to keep 
calling elections untU military supervision ceased." General 
Lew Wallace looked askance at this provision and on March 
30, 1864, asked Bradford for a description of all the powers of 
judges in the coming elections. Bradford answered that they 
had ample powers to prevent disloyal persons from voting or 
running for office and that State powers were sufficient "if 
faithfully executed, as I have every reason to hope they will be, 
to exclude disloyal voters from the polls." 

Wallace, who said that he "regarded rebels and traitors as 
having no political rights whatever," proceeded to prove his 
opinion by numerous precautions to keep disloyal persons from 
the polls — ^Bradford to the contrary notwithstanding.^'^ For 
instance, he ordered one Kilboum, who had been nominated 
from Anne Arundel county, to be questioned on his voting record 
in the Maryland legislature of 1861, and forced him to admit 
not only that he had voted for a resolution to recognize the 
independence of the Confederacy, but also to admit that he could 
not take the oath.** His name was withdrawn. The judges of 

The whole Schenck trouble in 1863 is dkcussed by Scbarf, History of 
Maryland, III, 559-69. 
" Oonvention Debates, 1864, 1, 24. 

Annual Cyclopaedia, 1864, PP. 467-8. 
"md., p. 498. 
" Scharf, op. cit., Ill, 577-81. 
" Annual Cyclopaedia, 1864, p. 499. 



317 



election of Cecil adopted a set of questions to be asked of all 
voters, such as : Have you served in the rebel army ? Have you 
aided the rebellion ? Have you e;iven money to aid those intend- 
ing to join the rebel cause ? Have you sent money to those in 
the rebel area ? Have you given. c(Hnf ort and encouragement ? 
Have you wished for the success of the rebellion? Have you 
discouraged the Federal cause ? Are you a loyal citizen of the 
United States? Did you rejoice over the do-wnfall of Fort 
Sumter? Did you rejoice over the successes of the rebel, and 
the defeats of the Union army? When the rebel army meets 
. the Union army in battle, which do you wish to gain the victory ? 
And many similar. Further directions were given to aid 
r^strars in deciding doubtful cases : 

Comfort or encouragement means advocacy, advice in favor of. 
We aid the Rebellion by giving money, clothing, and provisions; 
we give it comfort or encouragement by our words. A man who 
has advocated the cause of the Rebellion, who talked in favor of 
Maryland going with the South, who rejoiced over the victories 
of the Eebel army, has given conafort and encouragement to 
the Rebellion. . . . 

If the J udges are satisfied that a man is disloyal to the United 
States, it is their duty to refuse his vote, for such person is 
not a ' legal voter ' of the State of Maryland.^® 

By such methods the Unionists got a majority and the con- 
vention met on April 27, 1864. In the bill providing for a 
convention there had been included an oath that every delegate 
must take before the Governor in order to qualify : 

that I have never, either directly or indirectly, by word, act, or 
deed, given any aid, comfort, or encouragement to those in 
rebellion against the Government of the United States; and 
this I swear voluntarily, without any mental reservation or 
qualification whatever, so help me God.*" 

So well had the military gleaned all disloyal persons from run- 
ning, that the Committee on Elections neglected to report until 

"liid., pp. 499-500. 

"> Annual OyelopaetUa, 1864, p. ^03, and Oonventim Deiates, 1864, I> ^4. 



318 



MABTI^ND HISTOEIOAL MA&AZINE. 



August 3. It declared that, every member havii^ taken this 
oath, all were eligible. The convention was thus safely radical 
and its work would be certain to reflect this fact. 

On May 21 the Committee on the Elective Franchise was 
ordered to prepare an article in its report to the effect that every 
person who had aided the present rebellion " ought to be forever 
disqualified and rendered incapable to hold or exercise within 
this State any office of profit or trust, civil or military, or to vote 
at any election hereafter held in this state; . . ." On May 30 the 
Committee was instructed to prepare an article prohibiting any- 
one from holding office and voting in Maryland for " the space 
of three score years and ten" if he voluntarily had left the 
State to aid the rebellion; and to be disfranchised for five years 
if he aided the rebellion within the State.'^ 

The disfranchising clauses reported by the Committee were 
stiff enough, but one Stirling became tiie wheelhorse for dis- 
franchisement by trying to make them even more rigid. He had 
already offered a resolution to imprison or banish all rebel 
sympathizers who refused to register and take an oath of allegi- 
ance,** and when the report was offered, he fought it in favor 
of more stringency. The Committee suggested: 1. Disqualifica- 
tion of anyone forever, unless pardoned by the President, who 
had rebelled or in any way had aided the Confederacy. 2. An 
oath (which must be taken by every official on entering office) 
that he had never directly or indirectly aided the rebellion.'* 
The minority reported that it favored no disfranchisement at all, 
and merely su^ested an oath for officers who would swear to 
bear true allegiance to, and enforce the laws of, the United 
States and Maryland.'* Stirling led a successful fight against 
suggestion One of the report, finally causing its deletion and the 
substitution of a stricter disfranchisement. The substitute dis- 
abled forever all who had been in armed hostility to the United 
States ; all who had served or had aided the Confederacy in any 

Proceedings of the Convention, ISd-i, pp. 85, 126-7. 

Ibid., pp. 265-6. 
" Ibid., pp. 431-4 and Debates, II, 1262-79. 
** Proceedings of Convention, 1864, pp. 449-51. 



DISl-EAlTCHISEMBirT IN MAETLAND. 31i) 

capacity, or had gone within the rebel lines, or had left Mary- 
land to adhere, or had communicated with, given information to, 
or had sent goods, letters or money, to the South; all who had 
aided or advised anyone to enter the rebellion, or had expressed 
a desire for the triumph of the South — all such were disqualified 
unless they had cleansed themselves by voluntarily entering the 
Union army and had then been honorably discharged, or had 
been restored by a two-thirds vote of the assembly. Election 
judges were to require a searching oath from voters; but mere 
acceptance of the oath was not a proof of the right to vote, for 
the judges were to have special powers to root out perjury.'" 
The conservatives said that such a clause not only killed trial 
by jury but that it was also retrospective.** Stirling answered: 
" The only way to prevent civil war is to require those who 
engage in it to abide the results of their own conduct." When 
the discussion of an oath came up, he again changed the majority 
report and secured the passage of the following ironclad : 

. . . that I have never directly or indirectly . . . given any aid 
. . . but that I have been truly, and loyally on the side of the 
United States against those in armed rebellion . . . that I will 
. . . not allow the same to be broken up or dissolved, or the 
Qovemment thereof to be destroyed under any circumstances, 
if in my power to prevent it, and that I will at all times dis- 
countenance and oppose all political combinations having for 
their object such dissolution or destruction.*' 

A conservative, Jones, raised some opposition by listing ten 
offenses for which a man might be disqualified under such an 
oath, but Stirling had his way." "No more could Lincoln accuse 
Maryland, under such a structure, of backwardness in its fran- 
chise laws. Only 10,000 out of 40,000 in Baltimore and only 
35,000 out of 95,000 in the whole State could vote. Two«-thirds 
of the voters were disfranchised.*" 

'• Ihid., pp. 463-4, 468. «» Debates, 11, 1273. " lUd., p. 1275. 

Proceedings, pp. 472-3 ; Debates, II, 1286. 
" Debates, II, 1331-1380. 

*" Scharf, op. cit., m, 668-671. " In Maryland as matters now are three 
fotirtiis of people are di<rfraacbi«ed upon, tiie ground that not having 



320 



MASTiLAND HISTOBICAL MAGAZINE. 



In order to put these provisions into a form that could be 
administered, the legislature, on March 24, 1865, passed a regis- 
tration law excluding negroes, minors, non-residents, persons 
who had been in armed hostility to the United States, persons 
who had left Maryland to enter and to live in the rebel area, 
and persons who had given aid and comfort in any manner/^ 
At Baltimore the registrars were given twenty-five questions to 
ask all applicants. Some of these questions were : Do you think 
the oath you have just taken morally binding ? Are you aware 
of the danger of perjury ? Have you ever been in arms against 
the United States? Have you ever gone into the Confederate 
lines to adhere ? Have you given money or aid to Secessionists ? 
Have you communicated with rebels or advised anyone to enter 
the rebellion ? Have you deserted the United States army ? 
Have you expressed antipathy to the United States ? Have you 
wished the rebels to succeed ? Do you hold any mental reserva- 
tion in answering these questions ? *^ 

The system disfranchised so many that Montgomery Blair in 
a speech on August 26, 1865, condemned it roundly; ** he 
represented the wide-spread horror in which it was held now 
that the war was over. As in Kentucky, as soon as the war 
ended, there was a concerted move to rid the State of disfran- 
chisement. A moot case (by a refusal to take the oath) was 
made up in order to contest the law in the courts, but the 
registrars were sustained by the highest tribunal in the State.** 
On January 11, 1866 Governor Swann defended the law as best 
he could before the legislature; he depreciated resistance, saying 
that disfranchisement had been placed in the Constitution when 
rebellion was creating so much disloyalty that the Government 
had to act to defend itself. He asserted that the repeal of the 
registration law would do no good, since the Constitution de- 
registered they are disloyal and the remaining one fourth claim as the only 
loyal men of Maryland the right to control the State[.]" George M. 
Gold (?) to Montgomery Blair, February 13, 1866. Blair sent the letter 
to Johnson who, after reading, endorsed it in his own hand. J<rfin«on 
Papers, LXXXVI, 9104. 

*^ Ann-ual OifolopamKai 1865, p. 526. 

" Loo. oit. *» Ihid., p. 527. " Loo. oit. 



DISFEAirCHISEMBlTT IK MABTLAHD. 



321 



manded an oath. The only way out was to order a convention 
to change the Constitution.*® This suggestion indicated the path 
to he followed, and so the movemmt to rebellize Maryland went 
on apace. 

" Individuals were refused registration on the most frivolous 
grounds, and in many cases without even having heard that any 
reason whatever was given for their disqualification." *^ Mont- 
gomery Blair, in a letter of October, 1865, said that it was " to 
screen from punishment the lawless men who, under cover of 
transcendant loyalty, have been the great offenders against the 
cause of the Union." " The humiliated majority organized he- 
hind the Baltimore Sun and Montgomery Blair to get back 
their franchise. This movement brought about the calling of 
an anti-registry law convention in January, 1866, to present 
protests to the assembly. Blair was chairman and made an 
appeal for re-enfrandiisement of whites. Why, he wished to 
know, were they disfranchised ? He answered his question : So 
that the Republican party can " hold political power in defiance 
of the great principle which under-lies our whole form of 
Government. . . . Disfranchising the people of Maryland is for 
the same interests that Thad. Stevens is working in the House 
of Eepresentatives to obtain." The convention passed a memorial 
which Blair personally presented to the legislature on January 
26, 1866, pleading eloquently for removal of disabilities be- 
cause the war was over and because Maryland needed the services 
of her own sons.*^ This same argument was used again and 
again in Kentucky. 

Just as happened in Missouri in 1870, the Union party split 
in 1866 on the question of disfranchisement, each wing holding 
a convention. This schism aided the conservatives so much in 
the fall elections that the radicals lost the assembly; re-enfran- 

" Loo. oit. 

*' Scharf, op. cit., TTI, 670. 

" Quoted by Scharf, op. cit., Ill, 669. 

*^ Proscription in Maryland. Speeches of the Hon. Montgomery Blair, as 
President of the Anti-Registry Convention, to the Convention and to the 
Legislature of Maryland. Delivered 2ith and 25th of Janua/ry, 1866. 
Washington, 1868. See also Scharf, op. cit., m, 673-76. 



322 



MARYLAND HISTOEICAL MAGAZmS. 



chisement of rebels was now only a matter of time.*' The legis- 
lature soon acted on January 24, 1867, when it passed a law 
calling a convention " to restore to fixll citizenship, and the 
right to vote and hold office, all persons who may be deprived 
thereof by the provisions contained in the fourth section of the 
Constitution of this state." This act also explained that these 
restrictions were really temporary; that the disfranchised were 
taxed and subjected to military duty, yet could not vote.™ At 
this act, Forney, in the Philadelphia Press said that Maryland 
TJnionists " demand to know whether because they saved Mary- 
land from treason therefore traitors are permitted to rule the 
State and ruin them ? " Just as Unionists in Kentucky had 
done, so local radicals began appealing to those in Congress 
for action to stop this rapid turning of the State over to 
rebels. Nathan Haines, of Carroll county, implored " Thadeus 
Stephens " to prevent the calling of a convention in the State. 
What, he asked, are Union men to do ? "I think Maryland 
needs " military reconstruction " about as badly as any of the 
Southern States, and I do not see any other way for us. — I hope 
it [Congress] will take us in hand. . . . Give us manhood 
Suffrage and we are Safe : — ^My dear friend the Safety of the 
Nation, enjoins it upon Congress, — to make Suffrage universal, — 
to disqiudify and impoverish traitors, — and confine the ballot 
to the loyal only." Another letter implored Congress not to 
adjourn until it saw what course Maryland would take.^' Mary- 
land's answer seemed to be two more laws. One of March 19, 
186Y rescinded that of January, 1865, requiring an oath for 
attorneys. One of March 23, 1867, repealed an act of January, 
1862, which required an oath of allegiance.^* 

Already Eepresentative Ward, of New York, had secured the 
passage, by vote of 104-35, of a resolution in the House, to the 

" Scharf, op. oit., Ill, 678-9, 693. 

^"Journal of the Gonvention of 1867, pp. 9-11; also Maryland Laws, 
1867, pp. 18-21. 
"January 31, 1867. 

" Stevens Papers, March 22, 1867, IX, 54452. 
" lUd., 54450. 

«* Maryland Laws, 1867, pp. 189, 346. 



DISFEANCHISEMBNT IN MAETLAND. 



323 



effect that in spite of disfranchisement of rebels and disloyalists 
by the Maryland Constitution, it was alleged that in the last 
election for EepreBentatives for the Fortieth Congress, many 
disabled persons had voted, aided by by United States troops who 
interfered at elections. The Committee of Elections was to in- 
quire if any laws had been violated and how much of the blame 
should go the President."^ 

But there was still another way for the radicals in Congress 
to hint to the State that it might have to be taken in hand — at 
the very same time, in fact, that they were making a similar 
threat to Kentucky. This method consisted in refusing to seat 
the choice of the rebel legislature, as Senator from Maryland, 
by finding some flaw in his record. In brief, when Philip F. 
Thomas presented his credentials as Senator from Maryland, he 
was charged with disloyalty and with inability to take the proper 
oath. Two rather far-fetched charges were brought up against 
him. The first was that when, in December 1860, he had served 
as the temporary successor of Cobb as Secretary of the Treasury, 
he had deliberately tried to imperil the public credit by refus- 
ing to pay the interest on the bonded debt. The Nation admitted 
that this accusation seemed to have been, successfully answered. 
The second charge (which was the real reason for his exclusion) 
was that he had advanced money to his son to aid him in joining 
the rebel army, and in so doing had aided the rebellion." This 
seemed so flimsy to conservative papers as to appear personal 
and petty. The New York Times bitterly riddled the Senate's 
attitude, as " Partisan Intolerance . . . the whole thing dwindled 
down to a complaint that Mr. Thomas had behaved kindly to 
his own son.""^ The Chicago Times called it "Disfranchise- 
ment of Loyal States ... an act of lawless despotism . . . [an'] 
act of criminality." 

The Senate Judiciary Committee investigated and on Decem- 
ber 18, 1867, expressed no opinion against Thomas, preferring 

'0 Annual Cyclopaedia, 1867, pp. 199-200. 

"January 9, 1868; Sen. Mis. Doc. 11 (40 Cong. 2 Sess.) ; Globe, March 
18, 1867, pp. iri-80. 
" F«*rwiry 21, 1868. ■» Marcli 20, 1867. 



324 



MAETLAND HISTOEICAL MAGAZINE. 



to lay the matter before the Senate. It reported it could " find 
nothing sufficient ... to debar said Thomas from taking his seat, 
unless it be found in the fact of the son of said Thomas having 
entered the military service of the Confederacy, . . ." The son, 
having been called before the Committee, had explained hovi^ his 
father had dissuaded him from going South, but had finally 
given him $100 for food to keep him from starving and for a 
horse. The other Maryland Senator, Reverdy Johnson, offered 
a resolution to admit him if he took the regular oath."* Thomas 
was, however, refused admission on the ground of having aided 
the rebellion by giving his son $100 — ^the vote being 28-21. 
Trumbull and Fessenden voted for him, while Sumner quoted 
Sallust regarding Anlus Fulvius, the Eoman Senator, who killed 
his son for joining Catiline.'^ The Maryland legislature pro- 
tested vehemently against such an excuse for refusing Thomas, 
but in the end elected William T. Hamilton, who was able to 
qualify.*^ The Nation thought that the lesson was learned, how- 
ever, by Governor Swann, who also had been elected Skater, 
but decided not to give up his Governorship for a position out 
of which he might be voted, because he was supposed to have 
received payments of interest on the rebel bonds of Virginia.'" 
Whether the charge was true or not, he decided to hold on to 
what he had — and besides, the Lieutenant-Governor was a 
radical. 

But long before the Thomas case was finally settled, Maryland 
had definitely changed its fundamental law on disfranchisement, 
so as to completely hand the State over to the rebels. The con- 
vention which had been ordered by the legislature in J anuary, 
1867, met in May and the crimes (in the eyes of radicals) per- 
petrated in that convention could not be prevented by such a 
gesture as the refusal of the Senatorial toga to Thomas. Nothing 
short of reconstruction could have undone the rebellization of 
the State that followed apace. 

"Senate Report 6 (40 Cong. 2 Sess.). 

Sen. Mis. Doc. 11 (40 Cong. 2 Sess.). 

Nation, February 27, 1868; see also February 20. 
•» Annual Cyelopaedia, 1868, p. 453. «• Nation, May 7, 1867. 



DISFRANCHISEMBNT IN MAETLAND. 



326 



The radicals, seeing their hold on the State fast slipping, 
began, of course, to protest to Washington. As early as March, 

1867, the Kepublican minority of the assembly sent a memorial 
to Congress pleading against what they called the conspiracy 
(that is, the convention) which had been illegally ordered, and 
which was to meet in May to change the franchise law. It went 
on to say : 

By doubtful construction of a clause of the existing constitution, 
this General Assembly, thus elected, has enfranchised all white 
men, no matter what treason they have committed, and thus have 
added to the voting population about 30,000 persons who have 
only lately ceased an armed resistance to the Government. 

Next the Legislature had formed a rebel State militia and 

illegally had redistricted the State. The "... one object of 
this movement is to legislate out all the remaining loyal officers 
whom they have not already removed, and place ex-rebels, per- 
haps brigadiers and colonels of the rebel army in their places." 
Unionists had only one hope, and that was Congress. Likewise 
the Grand Union League of Maryland begged Congress to ex- 
tend, before it was too late, the reconstruction laws over the 
State, which had gone rcbcl."^ The resolutions of the Republican 
State convention, held at Baltimore, declared that the party 
would oppose the convention bill and the other enfranchising 
measures just passed, and would refuse to vote for delegates.** 
Not to be outdone, the Mayor and Council of Baltimore appealed 
to Congress against the rebels and the coming constitutional 
convention, blaming it all on a Governor, a traitor to his party, 
who had appointed his own registrars so that the State could be 
given over to the worst of the disunionists.*'' In the face of such 
an array of pleas from the chief radical bodies in the State, it 
was hard for the Congressional radicals not to act; yet they 

"■House Mis. Doc. 27 (40 Cong. 1 Sess.) and McPherson, Eand-Book for 

1868, p. 246. 

"House Mis. Doc. 28 (40 Cong. 1 Sess.). 
''House Mis. Doc. 32 (40 Cong. 1 Sess.). 
*' House Mis. Doe. S4 (40 Cong. 1 Sess.). 



326 



MAEYLAWD HISTOEIOAL MAGAZINE. 



were held back by the same unalterable fact that was handi- 
capping them in dealing with rebel Kentucky: the fact that 
Maryland had never seceded. Even radicals could not stomach 
legislation over a State which had always beea, and still was, 
in the Union. 

The convention met, therefore, in spite of certain radicals in 
Congress who declared for military force to prevent its assem- 
bling. President Johnson went to Aimapolis to give it his per- 
sonal blessing with a typical Johnson speech. The President of 
the convention and aU members had to take, by order of the law 
calling them into existence, the oath to bear true allegiance to 
Maryland and the United States, to defend and protect both, to 
promise not to allow the Union ever to be dissolved, and to pre- 
vent any political combiaations ever trying to do so.°^ If this 
was a studied play to disarm radicals with Unionist words, it 
did not work, for radicals were in consternation at the entire 
proceedings. Regarding disfranchisement, there is little to say, 
except that, by the report of the Committee on the Franchise, 
it was entirely wiped out of the Constitution. The only clauses 
even remotely related to it were provisions for a registration law, 
and an oath to support the Constitution. This report became 
Article I of the Constitution.*' As if to insult Unionism and 
radicalism to the limit, it disfranchised negroes and asked for 
compensation for emancipated slaves. 

Such insolence brought cries of rage from all radicals. The 
Missouri Democrat said : " Maryland is a captured State. ITot 
in honest and open assault did the rebels succeed in taking it. . . . 
But by the treachery of Governor Swann, the enemy was ad- 
mitted within the walls, and the place was delivered into their 
hands." The Chicago Jownal also raved impotently: 

Kentucky is not to be the only paradise of traitors and pan- 
demonium of Unionists. . . . The only immediate remedy would 
be the interference of Coi^ress. ... It is quite certain that 
those who were traitors, and who now glory in the fact, will 

** Journal of the Convention, 1867, -pp. 9-H. 
Jhid., pp. 151-3. " June 4, 1867. 



DISFKAFCHISBMENT IN MABrTLASD. 



327 



control the politics of at least two States, if not dirfrandiised 
by an act of Congress." 

Colfax stated Congressional opinion when he answered a letter 
of John L. Thomas, of Maryland, requesting his presence at a 
Border State convention to deal with rebel control in several of 

these States : 

If a State which enfranchises by the tens of thousands every 
man who has arms to destroy the nation, and along with them 
every man who took official oaths of allegiance to a so-called 
government which could only exist on the ruins of the Bepublic, 
and, at the same time, disfranchises by the tens of thousands 

the negroes, that state is not republican and ought to be investi- 
gated." Eegarding the fall elections, the New York Tribune 
said: 

No man who fought effectively on the Union side could find a 
place on that ticket; if he did, the voters would repudiate him. 
In short, Maryland is now under the sway of the worse [sio] 
wing of the late Confederate host. 

The only hope (continued the editor) was for Congress to en- 
franchise the blacks, so as to swamp the rebel majority. " Mean- 
while, we thank the faithful Eadicals who keep the old flag fly- 
ing. . . ." " Greeley's feeling of disgust, and at the same time 
of impotence, was characteristic of the radical mind. After all, 
if Maryland and Kentucky wished to go to the devil, their 
apostasy would have to be suffered. And if the disease could be 
kept from spreading, it was not mortal, for the rebels of Kentucky 
and Maryland were a small minority compared to the radicals 
in the North. Their acts were atrocious, yet if the South could 
be made Eepublican, these two States might be left to glory in 
their own sin; for, in the large, they could not avail much, if 
the radicals kept the flag flying elsewhere. 

The subject must not be dropped before it is emphasized that 

"August 26, 1867. 

"National Intelligmeer, clipped by LouisTille Journal, September 24, 
1867. 
"Oetobw 12, 1867. 



328 



MABYT.ATTD HISTOEICAL MAGAZINE. 



both Maryland and Kentucky were thus going rebel at the very 
time that Congress was proposing to deal with the South. The 
thought in the minda of all who voted for radical reconstruction 
probably was that the treason of these two States must not be 
allowed in the South. They were horrible examples of what 
secessionism in defeat could accomplish, and they clinched any 
argument in favor of severity as against leniency towards the 
South. There must be no more Kentuckies and no more Mary- 
lands. Thus the seceded South sufFered for the rebellious acts 
of the border States. 



BAELY MAEYLAND NEWSPAPBES. 



A List of Titles 
Compiled hy 
Geobge C. Keidel, Ph. D. 
Eatriee prefixed with an * are m Afarylarad Hiatorical Society's Collection. 
(Continued froaa Vol. XXVm, p. 257.) 

1831 

[Annapolis] Maryland Gazettei and Political Intelligencer. 
* [Annapolis] Maryland Eepublican and 
Political and Agrictdtural Museum. 
[Baltimore] American and Commercial Daily Advertiser. 
[Baltimore] American Farmer. 
* [Baltimore] Chronicle and Daily Marylander. 
[Baltimore] Chronicle of the Times and Disseminator 
of Useful and Entertaining Knowledge. 
[Baltimore] Freeman's Banner. 
* [Baltimore] Gazette and Daily Advertiser. 
[Baltimore] Genius of Universal Emancipation, or 
American Anti-Slavery Journal, and Eegister of News. 



EAELY MAEYIlATTD NEWSPAPERS. 



329 



[Baltimore] Lutheran Observer and 
Weekly Literary Keligious Visitor. 
Baltimore Minerva and Saturday Post. 
[Baltimore] Mutual Rights and Methodist Protestant. 
[Baltimore] I^iles' Weekly Register. 
Baltimore Patriot and Mercantile Advertiser. 
Baltimore Republican and Commercial Advertiser. 
Baltimore Times. 
[Bel-Air] Harford Republican. 
[Belle-Air] Independent Citizen. 
Cambridge Chronicle. 
Centerville Times and Public Advertiser. 
[Chestertown] Kent Bugle. 
Cumberland Civilian. 
[Cumberland] Maryland Advocate. 

* [Easton] Easton Shore Whip; and People's Advocate. 

* Easton Gazette. 
[Easton] Republican Star, and Eastern Shore 
General Advertiser. 
Elkton Press and Cecil County Advertiser. 
[Fell's Point] Wreath. 
[Fell's Point] Wreath and Literary Shamrock. 
* Frederick Town Herald. 
[Frederick] Political Examiner and Public Advertiser. 
[Frederick] Republican Citizen and State Advertiser. 
[Frederick] Times. 
[Hagers-Town] Mail and Washington 
County Republican Advertiser. 

* [Hagers-Town] Torch-Light and Public Advertiser. 

[Princess Anne] Village Herald. 
[Rockville] Maryland Free Press. 
[Rockville] Maryland Journal and True American. 
Snow-Hill Messenger and Worcester County Advertiser. 
[Taney-Town] Regulator and Taney-Town Herald. 
* [Williams-Port] Republican Banner. 



330 



MAETLAND HISTOEICAL MAGAZINE. 



1832 

[Annapolis] Maryland Gazette and Political Intelligencer. 
* [Annapolis] Maryland Kepublican and 
Political and Agricultural Museum. 

* [Baltimore] American and Commercial Daily Advertiser. 

[Baltimore] American Farmer. 
[Baltimore] Chronicle and Daily Marylander. 
[Baltimore] Commercial Chronicle and Daily Marylander. 
* [Baltimore] Freeman's Banner. 
* Baltimore Gazette and Daily Advertiser. 
[Baltimore] Genius of Universal Emancipation, or 
American Anti-Slavery Journal, and Register of News. 
[Baltimore] Lutheran Observer and 
Weekly Literary Religious Visitor. 
[Baltimore] Mutual Eights and Methodist Protestant. 
[Baltimore] N lies' Weekly Register. 
Baltimore Patriot and Mercantile Advertiser. 

* Baltimore Press. 

* Baltimore Republican and Commercial Advertiser. 
* [Baltimore] Saturday Morning Visiter. 
* Baltimore Times. 
Baltimore Weekly Gazette. 
[Bel-Air] Harford Republican. 
[Belle-Air] Independent Citizen. 
[Boonsboro] Cracker ( ?) 
Cambridge Chronicle. 
Centerville Times and Public Advertiser. 
[Chestertown] Kent Bugle. 
Cumberland Civilian. 
[Cumberland] Maryland Advocate. 

* [Easton] Eastern Shore Whig and People's Advocate. 

* Easton Gazette. 
[Easton] Republican Star, and 

Eastern Shore General Advertiser. 
[Elkton] Cecil Republican and Farmers' and 
Mechanics' Advertiser. 



p 



EAELY MAETLAITD NEWSPAPBES. 331 

Frederick Herald. 
[Frederick] Political Examiner and Public Advertiser. 
[FrederiA] Eepublicsm Citizen and State Advertiser. 

* [Frederick] Weekly Times. 

* Hagers-Town Mail and Washington 
County Republican Advertiser. 

* [Hagers Town] Torch Light and Public Advertiser. 

[Princess Anne] Village Herald. 
[Eockville] Maryland Free Press. 
[Kockville] Maryland Journal and True American. 
* Snow-Hill Messenger and Worcester County Advertiser. 
[Taney-Town] Regulator and Taney-Town Herald. 
[Williams-Port] Republican Banner. 

1833 

[Annapolis] Maryland Gazette and Political Intelligencer. 
* [Aimapolis] Maryland Republican and 
Political and Agricultural Museum. 
[Baltimore] American and Commercial Daily Advertiser. 
[Baltimore] American Farmer. 
[Baltimore] Chronicle and Daily Marylander. 
[Baltimore] Commercial Chronicle and Daily Marylander. 
* Baltimore Gazette and Daily Advertiser. 
[Baltimore] Genius of Comedy. 
[Baltimore] Genius of Universal Emancipation, or 
American Anti-Slavery Journal, and Register of News. 
[Baltimore] Lutheran Observer and 
Weekly Literary Religious Visitor. 
[Baltimore] Mutual Rights and Methodist Protestant. 
[Baltimore] Niles' Weekly Register. 
Baltimore Patriot and Mercantile Advertiser. 

* Baltimore Republican and Commercial Advertiser. 

* Baltimore Saturday Visiter.^ 
Baltimore Weekly Gazette. 

1 In February 1833 title changed to. 



332 MABTLAND HISTOEICAL MAGAZINE. 

[Bel Air] Harford Republican. 
[Bellair] Independent Citizen. 
[Boonsboro] Cracker. 
Cambridge Cbronicle. 
Centerville Times and Public Advertiser. 
[Chestertown] Enquirer. 
[Chestertown] Kent Bugle. 
[Chestertown] Telescope and Eastern Shore Advertiser. 
[Cumberland] Maryland Advocate. 
[Cumberland] Phoenix Civilian. 
* [Eaaton] Eastern Shore Whig and People's Advocate. 
* Easton Gazette. 
[Easton] Republican Star, and Eastern Shore 

General Advertiser. 
[Elkton] Cecil Republican and Farmers' and 
Mechanics' Advertiser. 
[Elkton] Central Courant. 
[Frederick] Maryland Herald. 
[Frederick] Maryland Sentinel. 
[Frederick] Political Examiner and Public Advertiser. 
[Frederick] Republican Citizen and State Advertiser. 
* [Frederick] Weekly Times. 
[Hagerstown] Free Press. 
Hagers-town Mail and Washington 
County Republican Advertiser. 
* [Hagerstown] Torch-Light and Public Advertiser. 
[Port Deposit] Central Courant. 
[Princess Anne] Village Herald. 
[Rockville] Maryland Free Press. 
[Rockville] Maryland Journal and True American. 
[Rockville] True American? 
Snow-Hill Messenger and Worcester County Advertiser. 
[Taney-Town] Regulator and Taney-Town Herald. 
[Upper Marlboro] Marlboro' Banner, and Weekly Advertiser. 
[Westminster] CarroUtonian. 
[Williamsport] Republican Banner. 



EABX.T MAItTIiAND NEWSPAPEES. 



§33 



1834 

[Annapolis] Maryland Gazette and Political Intelligencer. 
[Annapolis] Maryland Eepublioan and 
Political and Agricultural Museum. 
* [Baltimore] American and Commercial Daily Advertiser. 
[Baltimore] American Parmer. 
* [Baltimore] Chronicle and Daily Marylander. 
* [Baltimore] Commercial Chronicle and Daily Marylander. 
Baltimore Daily News. 
[Baltimore] Experiment. 
[Baltimore] Farmer and Gardner. 
* Baltimore Gazette and Daily Advertiser. 
[Baltimore] Genius of Universal Emancipation, or American 
Anti-Slavery Journal, and Register of News. 
Baltimore Intelligencer. 
[Baltimore] Lutheran Observer and 
Weekly Literary Eeligious Visitor. 
[Baltimore] Mutual Eights and Methodist Protestant. 
[Baltimore] Niles' Weekly Register. 
* Baltimore Patriot and Mercantile Advertiser. 
* Baltimore Republican and Commercial Advertiser. 
* [Baltimore] Saturday Visiter. 

Baltimore Weekly Gazette. 
[Bel-Air] Harford Republican. 
[Bel-Air] Independent Citizen. 
[Boonsboro] Cracker. 
Cambridge Chronicle. 
Centerville Times and Public Advertiser. 
[Chestertowii] Kent Bugle. 
[Chestertown] Telescope and Eastern Shore Advertiser. 
[Cumberland] Maryland Advocate. 
* [Cumberland] Phoenix Civilian. 
[Denton] Caroline Advocate. 
* [Easton] Eastern Shore Whig and People's Advocate. 
[Easton] Republican Star, and Eastern Shore 
General Advertiser. 



334 



MAKTLAJ^TD HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



[Elkton] Cecil Eepublican and Farmers' and 
Mechanics' Advertiser. 

* Frederick Herald. 

[Frederick] Political Examiner and Public Advertiser. 
[Frederick] Republican Citizen and State Advertiser. 

* [Frederick] Times. 
[Frederick] Weekly Times. 

[Hagers-Town] Mail and Washington 
County Eepublican Advertiser. 
* [Hagers-Town] Torch-Light and Public Advertiser. 
[Port Deposit] Central Courant. 
[Princess Anne] Village Herald. 
[Eoekville] Maryland Free Press. 
[Eockville] Maryland Journal and True American. 
Snow-Hill Messenger and Worcester County Advertiser. 
[Westminster] CarroUtonian. 
[WiUiamsport] Eepublican Banner. 

1835 

[Annapolis] Maryland Gazette and Political Intelligencer. 
* [Annapolis] ilaryland Republican and 
Political and Agricultural Museum. 
* [Baltimore] American and Commercial Daily Advertiser. 
[Baltimore] Commercial Chronicle and Daily Marylander. 
[Baltimore] Farmer and Gardner. 
* Baltimore Gazette and Daily Advertiser. 
[Baltimore] Genius of Universal Emancipation, or 
American Anti-Slavery Joumalj and Eegister of News. 
Baltimore Intelligencer. 
[Baltimore] Lutheran Observer and 
Weekly Literary Eeligious Visitor. 
[Baltimore] Maryland Colonization Journal. 
[Baltimore] Mutual Eights and Methodist Protestant. 
[Baltimore] News Letter. 
[Baltimore] Nicholson's Lottery Gazette. 
[Baltimore] Mies' Weekly Eegister. 



EAELT MAETLAND NEWSPAPEES. 



335 



* Baltimore Patriot and Mercantile Advertiser. 
* Baltimore Republican and Commercial Advertiser. 
Baltimore Saturday Visiter. 
[Bel-Air] Harford Republican. 
[Bel-Air] Independent Citizen. 
[Boonsboro] Cracker( ?) 
[Boonsboro] Odd Fellow. 
Cambridge Chronicle. 
[Cambridge] Dorcbester Aurora. 
Centerville Times and Public Advertiser. 
[Chestertown] Krait Bugle. 
[Cumberland] Maryland Advocate. 
[Cumberland] Phoenix Civilian. 
[Denton] Caroline Advocate. 

* [Easton] Eastern Shore Whig and People's Advocate. 

[Easton] Republican Star, and Eastern Shore 
General Advertiser. 
[Elkton] Cecil Gazette and Farmers' and 
Mechanics' Advertiser. 
Fell's Point News Letter and Mercantile Advertiser. 
Frederick Herald. 

* [Frederick] Political Examiner and Public Advertiser. 
[Frederick] Republican Citizen and State Advertiser. 

[Frederick] Times. 
[Hagerstown] Mail and Washington 
County Republican Advertiser. 
[Hagerstown] Torch-Light and Public Advertiser. 
[Port Deposit] Cecil Whig and Port Deposit Weekly Courier. 
[Princess Anne] Village Herald. 
[Rockville] Maryland Free Press. 

* Westminster Carroltonian. 
[WiUiamsport] Republican Banner. 

1836 

* [Annapolis] Maryland Gazette and Political Intelligencer. 
* [Annapolis] Maryland Republican and 
Political and Agricultural Museum. 



336 



MAEYLAND HISTOEICAL MAGAZINE. 



* [Baltimore] American and Commercial Daily Advertiser. 

* [Baltimore] Columbian. 

[Baltimore] Commercial Chronicle and Daily Marylander. 
[Baltimore] Daily Intelligener. 
* Baltimore Daily Transcript. 
[Baltimore] Farmer and Gardner. 
* Baltimore Gazette and Daily Advertiser. 
* [Baltimore] Jefferson Reformer and 
Baltimore Daily Advertiser. 
[Baltimore] Lutheran Observer and 
Weekly Literary Religious Visitor. 
[Baltimore] Maryland Colonization Journal. 
[Baltimore] Mutual Rights and Methodist Protestant. 
[Baltimore] Niles' Weekly Register. 
* Baltimore Patriot and Mercantile Advertiser. 
* Baltimore Republican and Commercial Advertiser, 
[Baltimore] Samuel Ludvigh's Campagne-Blatt( ?) 
Baltimore Saturday Visiter. 

* Baltimore Trades Union. 

[Bd-Air] Harford Citizen and Cecil Whig and Courier. 
* [Belle-Air] Harford Republican. 
[Bel-Air] Independent Citizen. 
[Bel-Air] Madisonian and Harford and Cecil Advertiser. 
[Boonsboro] Odd Fellow. 
Cambridge Chronicle. 
[Cambridge] Dorchester Aurora. 
Centerville Times and Public Advertiser. 
[Chesterto-wn] Kent Bugle. 
[Cumberland] Alleganian. 
[Cumberland] Maryland Advocate. 
[Cumberland] Phoenix Civilian. 
[Denton] Caroline Advocate. 

* [Easton] Eastern Shore Whig and People's Advocate. 

[Easton] Republican Star, and Eastern Shore 
General Advertiser. 



EAELT MAETLAND KBWSPAPEBS. 



337 



[Elkton] Cecil Gazette and Farmers' and 
. Mechanics' Advertiser. 
Elkton Courier. 
* Frederick Citizen. 
Frederick Herald. 
* [Frederick] Political Examiner and Public Advertiser. 
* [Frederick] Kepublican Citizen. 

[Frederick] Times 
Hagerstovsrn Hail and Washington 
County Kepublican Advertiser. 
[Hagerstown] Torch-Light and Public Advertiser. 
[Port Deposit] Cecil Whig and Port Deposit Weekly Courier. 
[Princess Anne] People's Press. 
[Princess Anne] Village Herald. 
[Kookville] Maryland Free Press. 
[Upper Marlboro] Bulletin. 
[Upper Marlboro] Marlboro Gazette, and 
Prince George's County Advertiser. 
* Westminster Carroltouian. 

1837 

[Annapolis] Maryland Gazette and Political Intelligencer. 
[Annapolis] Maryland Republican and 
Political and Agricultural Museum. 
* [Baltimore] American and Commercial Daily Advertiser. 
Baltimore Daily Transcript. 
[Baltimore] Eastern Express. 
[Baltimore] Farmer and Gardner. 
* Baltimore Gazette and Daily Advertiser. 
[Baltimore] Jefferson Eeformer and 

Baltimore Daily Advertiser. 
[Baltimore] Lutheran Observer and 
Weekly Literary Religious Visitor. 
[Baltimore] Kaleidoscope. 
[Baltimore] Maryland Colonization Journal. 
[Baltimore] Merchant. 



338 



MAEYliAND HISTOEICAI. MAGAZIITB. 



[Baltimore] Mutual Rights and Methodist Protestant. 
[Baltimore] Niles' Weekly Register. 
Baltimore Patriot and Mercantile Advertiser. 
* Baltimore Republican and Commercial Advertiser. 
Baltimore Saturday Visiter. 
[Baltimore] Southern. Pioneer. 
[Baltimore] Spirit of the Times. 
* [Baltimore] Sun. 
[Baltimore] Weekly Sun. 
[Bel-Air] Harford Republican. 
[Bel-Air] Madisonian and Harford and Baltimore Advertiser. 
[Boonsboro] Odd Fellow. 
Cambridge Chronicle. 
[Cambridge] Dorchester Aurora. 
Centerville Times and Public Advertiser. 
[Chestertown] Kent Bugle. 
[Cmnberland] Alleganian. 
[Cumberland] Maryland Advocate. 
[Cumberland] Phoenix Civilian. 
[Denton] Caroline Advocate. 

* [Easton] Eastern Shore Whig and People's Advocate. 

[Easton] Republican Star, and Eastern Shore 
General Advertiser. 
[Elkton] Cecil Gazette and Farmers' and 
Mechanics' Advertiser. 
Elkton Courier. 
Frederick Herald. 

* [Frederick] Political Examiner and Public Advertiser. 

* [Frederick] Republican Citizen and State Advertiser. 

* [Frederick] Times and Democratic Advocate. 
* Frederick Visiter. 
*Hagerstown Mail and Washington 
County Republican Advertiser. 
[Hagerstown] Torch-Light and Public Advertiser. 
[Port Deposit] Cecil Whig and 
Port Deposit Weekly Courier. 



BiLELT MABYLAND WEWSPAPEBS. 



339 



[Princess Anne] People's Press. 
[Princess Anne] Village Herald. 
[Rockville] Maryland Free Press. 
[Upper Marlboro] Marlboro Gazette, and 
Prince George's County Advertiser. 
* Westminster Carroltonian. 

1838 

[Annapolis] Maryland Gazette and Political Intelligencer. 
* [Annapolis] Maryland Eepublican and 
Political and Agricultural Museum. 
[Baltimore] American and Commercial Daily Advertiser. 

* Baltimore Commercial Transcript. 

Baltimore Daily Transcript. 

* [Baltimore] Democratic Herald. 

[Baltimore] Eastern Express. 
[Baltimore] Farmer and Gardner. 
Baltimore Gazette and Daily Advertiser. 
[Baltimore] Geschaf tige Martha. 
[Baltimore] Jefferson Kefonner and 
Baltimore Daily Advertiser. 
[Baltimore] Kaleidoscope. 
[Baltimore] Lutheran Observer and 
Weekly Literary Religious Visitor. 
Baltimore Literary Monument. ( ?) 
[Baltimore] Maryland Colonization Journal. 
[Baltimore] Merchant. 
[Baltimore] Mutual Eights and Methodist Protestant. 
[Baltimore] ^Tiles' "Weekly Register. 
* Baltimore Patriot and Mercantile Advertiser. 
Baltimore Patriot and Commercial Gazette. 
* Baltimore Price Current (Lyford's). 
* Baltimore Eepublican and Commercial Advertiser. 
Baltimore Saturday Visiter. 
[Baltimore] Spirit of the Times. 
* [Baltimore] Sun. 



34:0 



MA3KYLAWD HISTOBICAL MAGAZINE. 



[Baltimore] Weekly Sun. 
* [Baltimore] Whig. 
[Bel-Air] Harford Eepublican. 
[Bel-Air] Madisonian. 
[Boonsboro] Odd Fellow. 
Cambridge Chronicle. 
[Cambridge] Dorchester Aurora. 
Centerville Times and Public Advertiser. 
[Ohestertown] Kent Bugle. 
[Cumberland] AUeganian. 
[Cumberland] Maryland Advocate. 
[Cumbreland] Phoenix Civilian. 
[Denton] Caroline Advocate. 
* [Easton] Eastern-Shore Whig and People's Advocate. 
[Easton] Republican Star and Eastern Shore 
General Advertiser. 
[Elkton] Cecil Gazette and Earmers' and 
Mechanics' Advertiser. 
Elkton Courier. 
Frederick Herald. 

* [Frederick] Political Examiner and Public Advertiser. 

* [Frederick] Republican Citizen and State Advertiser. 

* [Frederick] Times and Democratic Advocate. 
* Frederick Visiter. 
Hagerstown Mail and Washington 
County Eepublican Advertiser. 
[Hagerstown] Torch Light and Public Advertiser. 
[Port Deposit] Cecil Whig and Port Deposit Weekly Courier. 
[Princess Anne] Herald. 
[Princess Anne] People's Press. 
[Princess Anne] Somerset Herald. 
[Princess Anne] Village Herald. 
[Rockville] Maryland Free Press. 
[Snow-Hill] Worcester Banner. 
[Upper Marlboro] Marlboro Gazette, and 
Prince G«cwfe's County Advertiser. 



EABLY MABTLAND NBWSPAPBBS. 



341 



* Westminster Carroltonian. 
* [Westminster] Democrat and OarroU County KepuWican. 

1839 

[Annapolis] Maryland Gazettq and Political Intelligencer. 
* [Annapolis] Maryland Republican and 
Political and Agricultural Museum. 
[Baltimore] American and Commercial Daily Advertiser. 
[Baltimore] American Farmer and Spirit of the 
Agricultural Journals of the Day. 

* Baltimore Clipper. 

[Baltimore] Commercial Chronicle and Daily Marylander. 
[Baltimore] Demokratische Whig. 
[Baltimore] Farmer and Gardner, 

Baltimore Gazette. 
[Baltimore] Geschaftige Martha. 
Baltimore Literary Monument. ( ?) 
[Baltimore] Lutheran Observer and 
Weekly Literary Religious Visitor. 
[Baltimore] Maryland Colonization Journal. 
[Baltimore] Mutual Rights and Methodist Protestant. 
[Baltimore] jSTiles' I'J'ational Register. 
Baltimore Patriot and Commercial Gazette. 
* Baltimore Price Current (Lyford's). 
Baltimore Republican and Commercial Advertiser. 
Baltimore Saturday Visiter. 
[Baltimore] Spirit of the Times. 

* [Baltimore] Sun. 
[Baltimore] Wahrbeitsverbreiter. 

[Baltimore] Weekly Sun. 
[Baltimore] Whig. 
[Bel Air] Harford Republican. 
[Bel Air] Madisonian. 
[Boonsboro] Odd Fellow. 
[Cambridge] Dorchester Aurora. 
[Cambridge] Weekly Chronicle and Farmers Register. 



342 



MAETXAND HISTOBICAX MAQAZIKB. 



Centerville Evening Times and 
Eastern Shore Public Advertiser. 
[Chestertown] Kent l^"ews. 
[Cinnberland] AUeganian. 
[Cumberland] Maryland Advocate. 
[Cumberland] Phoenix Civilian. 

* [Easton] Eastern-Shore Whig and People's Advocate. 

[Easton] Eepublican Star, and Eastern Shore 
General Advertiser. 
[Elkton] Cecil Gazette & Farmers' & Mechanics' Advertiser. 
[Emmitsburg] Gazette. 
Frederick Herald. 

* [Frederick] Political Examiner and Public Advertiser. 

[Frederick] Republican Citizen. 
* [Frederick] Times and Democratic Advocate. 
* Frederick Visiter. 
* [Hagerstown] Herald of Freedom. 
Hagerstown Mail and Washington 
County Eepublican Advertiser. 
[Hagerstown] Torch-Light and Herald. 
[Hagerstown] Washinc;ton County Democrat. 
[Havre-de-Grace] Susquehanna Advocate and 
Harrison Democrat. 
Leonard Town Herald. 
[Leonardtown] St. Mary's Beacon. (?) 
[Port Deposit] Cecil Whig and Port Deposit Weekly Courier. 
Port Deposit, Kock and Cecil County Commercial Advertiser. 
[Princess Anne] Somerset Herald. 
[Snow-Hill] Worcester Banner. 
[Upper Marlboro] Marlboro Gazette, and 
Prince Greorge's County Advertiser. 
Westminster Carroltonian. 
[Westminster] Democrat and Carroll County Eepublican. 

1840 

[Annapolis] Maryland Eepublican and 
Political and Agricultural Museum. 



EABLT MAETLATO KEWSPAPEBS. 



[Baltimore] American and Commercial Daily Advertiser. 
[Baltimore] American Farmer and Spirit of the 
Agricultural Journals of the Day. 
* Baltimore Clipper. 
[Baltimore] Daily Argus. 
[Baltimore] Daily Evening Gazette. 
[Baltimore] Demokratische Whig. 
[Baltimore] Deutsche Correspondent. ( ?) 
Baltimore Gazette. 
[Baltimore] Geschaftige Martha. 

* [Baltimore] Log Cabin Advocate. 
[Baltimore] Lutheran Observer and 
Weekly Literary Religious Visitor. 

[Baltimore] Maryland Colonization Journal. 
[Baltimore] Mutual Rights and Methodist Protestant. 
[Baltimore] Niles' ITational Register. 
[Baltimore] Ocean. 
* Baltimore Patriot and Commercial Gazette. 

* [Baltimore] Pilot and Transcript. 
Baltimore Post and Oommercial Transcript. 

* Baltimore Price Current (Lyford's). 
* Baltimore Republican and Commercial Advertiser. 
Baltimore Saturday Visiter. 

* [Baltimore] Spirit of Democracy. 
[Baltimore] Spirit of the Times. 

* [Baltimore] Sun. 
* [Baltimore] Weekly Pilot. ' 

[Baltimore] Weekly Sun. 
[Bel Air] Harford Republican. 
[Boonsboro] Odd Fellow. 
Cambridge Chronicle. 
[Cambridge] Democrat and Dorchester Advertiser. ( ?) 
[Cambridge] Dorchester Aurora. 
Centerville Evening Times and Eastern Shore 
Public Advertiser. 
[Chester Town] Kemt iN'ews. 



344 



MABTLATO HISTOEIOAL MAOAZIWE. 



[Cumberland] Alleganian. 
Cumberland Civilian. 
[Cumberland] Maryland Advocate. 
[Denton] Pearl. 
* [Easton] Eastern Shore Whig and People's Advocate. 
Easton Gazette. 
[Easton] Republican Star, and Eastern Shore 
General Advertiser. 
[Elkton] Cecil Democrat. 
[Elkton's] Cecil Gazette, Farmers' & Mechanics' Advertiser. 
[EUicott's Mills] Howard Eree Press. 
Frederick Herald. 
* [Frederick] Political Examiner. 
[Frederick] Republican Citizen and State Advertiser. ( ?) 
[Frederick] Times and Democratic Advocate. 
* Frederick Visiter. 

* Hagerstown Family Intelligencer. 

* [Hagerstown] Herald of Freedom. 
* Hagerstown Mail and Washington 

County Republican Advertiser. 
[Hagerstown] Odd Fellow. 
* Hagers-Town Torch Light and Public Advertiser. 
[Hagerstown] Washington County Democrat. 
[Havre-de-Grace] Susquehanna Advocate and 
Harrison Democrat. 
[Leonardtown] St. Mary's Beacon. 
[Port Deposit] Cecil Whig and Port Deposit Weekly Courier. 
[Princess Anne] Somerset Herald. 
[Rockville] Farmer's Friend. 
[Snow-HiU] Worcester Banner. 
[Upper Marlboro] Marlboro Gazette, and 
Prince George's County Advertiser. 
* Westminster Carroltonian. 
[Westminster] Democrat and Carroll Comity Republican. 
[Williamsport] EepuWican Banner. 



{To he Continued.) 



BAITIMOSB COUNTY LAND BEOORDS OF 1673. 345 



BALTIMOEE COUNTY LAND BECOEDS OF 1673. 

Contributed by Loms Dow Scisco. 

The Anglo-Dutch naval war seems not to have affected activity 
in colonial land transfers, for the number of recorded deeds is 
quite up to the average. As for institutional progress, there is 
nothing in these deeds to show any local development or any 
spread of population to new areas. 

The items here following summarize pages 101 to 223 of the 
original land-record liber G. No. J, and also pages 71 to 169 of 
the transcript in liber T E No. E A. There are two interpola- 
tions in the record, showing payments of alienation fees in 1674. 

Deed, March 1, 1672-73, Thomas Howell conveying to James Hepbourne 
200 acres at the head of Fishing Creek in Sassafras River, adjoining land 
of Mr. Joseph Gundry. Witnesses, John Hodgson senior, John Owen. 

Deed, March 2, 1672-73, Nathaniell Utie, gentleman, for 3,000 pounds of 
tobacco, conveying to Rutten Garret, planter, a 300-acre portion of the 
800-acre tract " Oakinton " on the north side of Swan Creek. Witnesses, 
Thomas Long, Henry Ward. Interpolated mtrj that Sheriff Thomas 
Carleton on March 13, 1673-74, has received from Edward Bedell, for credit 
of Rutgers Garret, 36 pounds of tobacco for alienation, and entry is certi- 
fied by Clerk Thomas Hedge. 

Deed, January 1, 1672-73, Henry Eldesley, planter, conveying to Ebe- 
nezar Blackston, planter, 100 acres at Sassafras River, beginning at the 
landing of Nicholass AUum and being part of land formerly belonging to 
Capt. Thomas Howell. Parnell Eldesley signs with grantor. Witnesses, 

John Owen, William Gives, Miles Gibson. 

Deed, September 5, 1671, John Vanlieeok, gentleman, and wife Sarah 
conveying to Thomas Hawker 300 acres formerly conveyed by Vanheeck 
to him, adjoining land of Capt. Josias Fendall at Fendall's Creek. Wit- 
nesses, Richard Ball, T. Salmon. Appendant certificate, June 18, 1673, of 
delivery of seisin by Vanheeck, signed by T. Salmon, William Salsbury. 

Deed, December 4, 1672, Robert Taylor, planter, of Gunpowder River, 
for 1,000 pounds of tobacco, conveying to Joseph Peircey, carpenter, of 
Back River, the 100-acre tract " Taylors Delight " on the east side of 
Gunpowder River. Witnesses, John Taylor, John Waterton. 

Deed, April 6, 1672, John Browning, planter, and wife Elizabeth, for 
28,000 pounds of tobacco, conveying to Richard Nash of Kent County 300 
acres near Bohemia River, called Brewaiag plantatim, patmted July 21, 



346 



MARTLAITD HISTORICAL MAGAZIKE. 



1664, to Abraham Morgan, who conveyed it to Thomas Browning, father 
of the grantor; by same deed Henry Ward, esquire, is named attorney to 
record the deed. Witnesses, Augustine Herrman, Kowland Williams, 
Thomas Shelton. Appendant certificate, April 6, that grantors hare 
delivered seisin to Nash, signed by same witnesses. 

Deed, March 4, 1672-73, Richard Leake, tailor, and wife Gwilthin, for 
7,000 pounds of tobacco, conveying to Hanse Peterson and James Watson, 
planters, the 300-acre tract called the Indian Bange, at the head of the 
western branch of Back Creek in Sassafras Kiver, adjoining John Cock's 
land and bounded by Cocke's Branch. Witnesses, Richard Ball, T. Salmon. 

Deed, June 3, 1672, John Desjardins, gentleman, conveying to John 
Rogers, merchant, of Bristol, the 50-acre tract " Port Royall " at Port 
Royal! Creek in Rumley Creek, patented May 1, 1672, to Desjardins. 
Witnesses, James Frisbie, John Vanheecke. Minute of acknowledgment 
on June 3, 1673. 

Deed, June 3, 1673, Matliew Adams, planter, and wife Ann, for 2,700 
pounds of tobacco, conveying to Jonathan Lincolne, planter, 50 acres at 
Sassafras River, it being the half next to Swan Creek of land bought by 
Adams from Thomas Pryor of Sassafras River. Witnesses, John Van- 
heeck, T. Salmon. Appendant receipt July 2, 1673, from Sheriff Thomas 
Carleton for one shilling paid by Lincolne for alienation. 

Assignment, May 27, 1673, Obadiah Judkins of Talbot County convey- 
ing to John Hillen of Anne Arundel County a patent and land therein 
described which was assigned to him by Henry Downes. Witnesses, Wil- 
liam Southebe, Joshua Shaller. 

Assignment, May 27, 1673, Obadiah Judkins of Talbot County, for 4,000 
pounds of tobacco, conveying to John Hillen a deed of sale and land 
therein described formerly made to him by Henry Downee and wife Bridget. 
Witnesses, William Southebee, Joshua Shaller. 

Letter of attorney. May 27, 1673, Obadiah Judkins and wife Jane of 
Talbot County appointing Abraham Strand of Baltimore County their 
attorney to acknowledge convejrance of 300 acres to John Hillen and of 

their patent and deed therefor, and to give Hillen seisin by turf and twig. 
Witnesses, D. Humbert, Henry Eldesley. 

Assignment, January 7, 1667-68, Henry Downes and wife Bridget con- 
veying to Obadiah Judkins of Miles River in Talbot County a patent and 
land therein described. Witnesses, Matt. Morton, Robert Dunn. 

Deed, May 27, 1673, Obadiah Judkins and wife Jane of Talbot County, 
for 4,000 pounds of tobacco, convepng to John Hillen the 300-acre tract 
" Hay Downe " on the south side of Captain John's Creek on south side 
of Elk River, between Goldsmith's Branch and Downes Branch and east 
of land of one Cavokerr now owned by James White, said tract patented 
September 15, 1665, to Henry Downes. Witnesses, William Southebe, 
Joshua Shaller. Appendant certificate, June 2, 1673, that Abraham Strand 
as attorney has ^irered seisin, to Hillen, witnessed by Tkomas Shelton, 



BAI,TIMOKB COUNTY Z-AND KBOORDS OI" 16T3. 347 

Nathaniel Hillen. Appendant receipt form for alienation fee is blank exeept 
for Hillen's name entered. 

Partition deed, June 3, 1673, John Eyley and John Webster, planters, 
dividing equally their land at Swan Creek on south side of Sassafras 
River, bought jointly by them in 1670 from William Palmer, Webster to 
have the half next to Swan Creek with 30 perches of river frontage. Wit- 
nesses, William Toulson, T. Salmon. 

Deed, August 4, 1673, John George, planter, for 2,000 pounds of tobacco, 
conveying to Thomas Rumsey the 200-acre tract " Fareall " on the west 
side of Torson's Creek in Sassafras River, adjoining land formerly tak^ 
up by Andrew Torson. Witnesses, Thomas Gilbert, George Brocas. 

Deed, March 10, 1672-73, John Lee conveying to William Osborne his 
half of the tract " Spryes Marsh " on the east side of Bush River about 
three miles up. Witnesses, Eusebius Beale, Benjamin Blofield. Wife 
Florence Lee assigns all her interest, witnessed by Benjamin Blofeild. 

Letter of attorney, June 2, 1673, William Osborne appointing Eusebius 
Beale his attorney to acknowledge conveyance of land to Anthony Brispoe. 
Appendant letter authorizes Beale to take acknowledgment of Lee's con- 
veyance of his half-share to Osborne. No witnesses recorded. 

Deed, June 2, 1673, William Osborne and John Lee, for 1,200 pounds 
of tobacco, conveying to Anthony Brispoe the 100-acre tract " Mates Angle " 
on the east side of Bush River about five miles up. Witnesses, Eusebius 
Beale, Benjamin Blofeild. 

Deed, June 2, 1673, Samuell Tracey, gentleman, of Gunpowder Kivcr, 
for 6,000 pounds of tobacco, conveying to James Wells and Thomas Rich- 
ardson, planters, 160 acres, being part of the tract " Taylors Mount " on 
the south side of the eastern branch at the head of Gunpowder River, 
adjoining lands of Richard Winley and of Thomas Marley which were 
parts of "Taylors Mount," grantor giving warranty for himself and for 
Hugh Williams. Witnesses, Richard Winley, John Watcrton. 

Deed, October 19, 1672, Robert Chapman of Kent County conveying to 
Thomas Phelleps or Phelps of Anne Arundel County the tract "Woolfes 
Neck" at Swann Creek on the south side of the western branch of Gun- 
powder River, acreage not stated, adjoining land formerly taken up by 
Capt. Thomas Haxwood, marine. Witnesses, Jonathan Neale, Edmond 
Booney. 

Deed, November 10, 1672, James Magreegory, planter, conveying to John 
Poole, planter, 175 acres at Omeely's Creek in Bohemia River. Witnesses, 
John Vanheck, James Prisbie. 

Deed, August 2, 1673, William Salsbury, planter, and wife Sarah, for 
6,000 pounds of tobacco, conveying to William Morgan and William Welsh, 
planters, the 200-aore tract " Pawmouth " on Worton Creek, adjoining 
land formerly taken up by Capt. Cornwallis, patented on May 1, 1672, to 
Salsbury. Witnesses, Henry Ward, T. Salmon. 

Deed, August 2, 1673, John Marscord and Matbew Eniveington, plast- 
3 



34:8 



MAETLANB HISTOBICAL MA&AZIKK. 



ers, for 12,000 pounds of tobacco, conveying to Barnard Utie the 200-acre 
tract " Beaver Neck " at Muskeeto Creek. Jane Marseord signs with 
grantors. Wi4aie8ses> Andrew Bennet, Smiy Haslewood, Mense Stikle- 
kamp. 

Deed, August 4, 1673, George Harris, planter, of Kent County, for 2,000 
pounds of tobacco, conveying to Henry Bldesly, planter, land at Stony 
Point on the south side of Sassafras River, acreage not stated. Witnesses, 

James Wrayeth, Nicholas Allome. 

Bond, August 4, 1673, George Harris, planter, of Kent County, obligat- 
ing himself for 4,000 pounds of tobacco to Henry Eldesly for warranty of 
title to land at Sassafras River sold to Bldesly. Witnesses, James 
Wrayeth, Nicholas Allome. 

Deed, July 24, 1673, William Salsbury, planter, and wife Sarah, for 
4,300 pounds of tobacco, conveying to Thomas Salmon 200 acres at Worton 
Creek, adjoining land of John Bromfeild, it being part of land bought 
from Col. Edward Carter of Virginia. Witnesses, Thomas Howell, John 
Vanheeck. 

Bond, July 24, 1673, William Salsbury, planter, for self and wife Sarah, 
obligating himself for 10,000 pounds of tobacco, to Thomas Salmon for 
warranty of title to land, sold to Salmon. Witnesses, Thonuis Howell, 

John Vanheeck. 

Deed, May 30, 1673, Robert Hawkins, heir and administrator of John 
Hawkins, deceased, conveying to William Dunkerton and Thomas Overton 
the 700-acre tract " Colleton " fronting on the eastern aide of the Bay and 
adjoining Godfrey Bayley's land, patented February 15, 1659-60, to Richard 
Collet, planter, and assigned by him to John Hawkins. Witnesses, Thomas 
Howell, James Friabie. 

Deed, May 30, 1673, Robert Hawkins, heir and administrator of John 
Hawkins, deceased, conveying to William Dunkerton and Thomas Overton, 
the 150-acre tract " The Tryangle ", north of land at Elk River formerly 
taken up by Richard and John Collet, and south of land formerly taken up 
by Richard Collet, patented September 30, 1667, to John Hawkins. Wit- 
nesses, Thomas Howell, James Frisbie. 

Deed, May 30, 1673, Robert Hawkins, heir and administrator of John 
Hawkins, deceased, conveying to William Dunkerton and Thomas Overton 
500 acres adjoining land of John Hawkins, deceased, lately possessed by 
John Collet, junior, deceased, it being one-half of the tract " Tryumph " 
at Elk River formerly taken up by John Collet, senior, and George Gold- 
smith, deceased. Witnesses, Thomas Howell, James Frisbie. 

Deed, May 30, 1673, Robert Hawkins, heir and administrator of John 
Hawkins, deceased, conveying to William Dunkerton and Thomas Overton 
the 600-acre tract " Two Necks " at Crooked Creek on the north side of 
Elk River, adjoining the tract " Turkey Point " formerly taken up by 
Richard Wright, patented July 21, 1664, to Richard and John Collet, 
gentlemen, and assigned by John Collet to John Hawkins. Witnesses, 
Thomas Howell, James Frisbie. 



BALTIMOEB COUITTT LAND EBCOBDS OF 1673 349 



Bond, May 30, 1673, Robert Hawkins, ropemaker, obligating bimself for 
200,000 pounds of tobacco to William Dunkerton and Thomas Overton, 
gentlemen, on behalf of self and wife Hanna, as warranty of title to 1,950 
acres sold to Dunkerton and Overton. Witnesses, Thomas Howell, James 
Friabie. 

Clerk's minute reading "At A Coidbe held for Baltemore County 
Nouembr 4th, 1673 ". 

Letter of attorney, June 15, 1673, Charles Gorsuch appointing Thomas 
Long his attorney to acknowledge sale of 86 acres to Roger Sidwell. 
Witnesses, William Coubourne, John Kemp. • 

Deed, June 10, 1673, Charles Gorsuch conveying to Roger Sedwell, 
planter, the 88-acre tract " The Prospect " near the head of Bare Creek 
on the south side of Bads River, as patented to Gorsuch. Witnesses, John 
Johnson, John Barret. 

Deed, November 4, 1673, John James, planter, conveying to Thomas 
Thurston the 200-acre tract " Turkey Hill " at the head of Bush River on 
the northeast branch. Witnesses, Miles Gibson, Edward Allely( ?), Thomas 
Troute. 

Deed, November 4, 1673, Edward Horton, planter, for 2,100 pounds of 
tobacco, conveying to Thomas Byworth of Patapsco River the 100-acre tract 
" Hortons Fortune ", adjoining lands of Robert Gorsuch and of John 
Godfrey, patented July 10, 1671. Witnesses, George Utie, T. Salmon. 

Deed, November 4, 1673, Henry Eldealy, planter, and wife Parnell, for 
14,000 pounds of tobacco, conveying to James Wrath two adjoining parcels 
on the south side of Sassafras River, one being 175 acres, part of the tract 
"Drecut" taken up by Henry Jones, deceased, and the other being land 
bought by Eldesly from its late occupant George Harris, deceased, late of 
Kent. Witnesses, Gideon Gundry, Henry Haslewood. Interpolated entry 
that Sheriff Thomas Carleton on March 30, 1674, has received from Wrath 
27 pound^ of tobacco for alienation of 226 acres. 

The following papers dated in this year are recorded on pages 
44 to 46 of liber I S JSTo. I K whicli carries a transcript of 
excerpts from an older liber I C No. A, now missing. 

Bond, June 3, 1673, Joseph Hughes obligating himself to re-convey to 
Thomas Heath some land lately bought from Heath, in case of non-payment 
of the last bill of debt given for it by Hughes, and if Hughes dies before 
payment the land reverts to Heath and Heath will return payments pre- 
viously made. Witnesses, John Errickson, Euesebius Beale. 

Bill of debt, January 28, 1672-73, Joseph Hughes agreeing to pay Thomas 
Heath, planter, 1,800 pounds of tobacco by October 10, 1674. Witnesses, 
David Thomas, Thomas Taldersby. 

Bill of debt, January 28, 1672-73, Joseph. Hughes, carpenter, agreeing to 



350 



MAETLATO HISTOEICAL MAQAZIWIC. 



pay Thomas Heath 611 pounds of tobacco after October 10 next. Witnesses, 
David Thomas, Thomas Talterby. 

Bill of debt, March 1, 1672-73, Joseph Hughes agreeing to pay Thomas 
Heath of Bush River 262 ppunds of tobacco after October 10 next. 
Witnesses, Eueebius Beale, Anthony Brispo. 



PEOCIEDINGS OF THE SOCIETY. 



May Sth, 19SS. — The regular meeting of the Society was 
held tonight with the President in the chair. 

A list of the donations made to the Library and Gallery since 
the last meeting was read. 

Mr. Louis H. Dielman was recognized by the Chair and he 
gave a brief sketch of the old swivel gun now on exhibition in 
the library. It is the tradition that this gun was used in the 
defense of Fort Cumberland. Photographs of the gun have 
been sent to various authorities on the subject of fire arms and 
they have given us some interesting information. The. Curator 
of Fort Ticonderoga presented us with a piece of flint of the 
type used in the swivel gun. 

It was noted that there were no nominations for membership 
and each member was asked ta recognize his duty and try to 
secure a new member. 

The following named persons, having been previously nomi- 
nated, were elected to membership : 

Mr. Skipwith Wilmer Pleasants 
Mr. E. E. Griffith 
Mr. Arthur Tracey 

The death of our member Mrs. William Thomas Wilson was 
reported. 

Dr. William Eush Dunton, Jr., was then introduced. He 
showed some lovely examples of early quilts and gave a brief 
history of each one. Some colored lantern glides were also 
shovra. in this connection. 



PKOCEEDINOS OF ?rHE BOCIETT. 



351 



Mr. J. Alexis Shriver moved that a standing vote of thanks 
be extended to Dr. Dimton for his most delightful and interest- 
ing talk. 



October 9th, 193S. — The regular meeting of the Society was 
held tonight at the Peabody Institute, in the Concert Hall. Duo 
to the interest created among our members in the lecture on 
the Rockefeller Institute Eestoration Work at Williamsburg, 
Virginia, our library was not adequate to take care of the num- 
ber of persons wishing to attend. 

Mr. W. Hall Harris, President of the Maryland Historical 
Society presided, but announced that all matters of regular 
business would be dispensed with, excepting the reading of the 
names of those persons who have been placed in nomination for 
membership in the Society since the last regular meeting. 

Mr. William G. Perry, member of the firm of Perry and 
Shaw of Boston, gave a very interesting talk on the Rockefeller 
Restoration Work at Williamsburg, Virginia, and showed lan- 
tern slides of the progress being made on these old buildings. 



November 13th, 1933. — The regular meeting of the Society 
was held tonight with the President in the chair. 

The minutes of the last meeting were read and approved as 
read. President Harris expressed the thanks of the Society 
for the courtesy of the Peabody Institute in allowing us to hold 
our October Meeting in the Peabody Concert Hall owing to the 
number of members of the Society who wished to attend, and 
the rooms of this Society being too small to accommodate the 
crowd. 

The following named persons wero elected to membership : 

Mr. John Carroll Stow Mrs. John Paul Tyler 

Mr. Delmar L. Thornbury Mrs. Joseph Earle Moore 

Mr. Roland M. Hooker Mrs. J. Frederick Essary 

Mr. John Meagher Mr. William Walter Bryan 



352 



MARYUlWD HISTOBIOAL MIAGAZIWE. 



Miss Cecilia M. Muth Mr. James K. Paine 

Dr. George F. Libby Dr. William Mercer Sprigg 

Mrs. William S. Hilles Mr. Edward H. Glidden, Jr. 

Mr. James C. Thompson Mr. Edw. Breckenridge Lowndes 

Mr. James Rittenhouse Miss Julia E. Spilker 

Mrs. Elmore B. Jeffery Mr. Henry Chandlee Forman 

Mrs. Eli Vernon Brown Mr. K. Bennett Darnall 

Dr. George M. Anderson Mr. Charles J. Werner 

Mr. B. Harris Henderson Miss Ella Ijams 
Rt. Eev. C. E. Thomas 

Mr. J. Alexis Shriver was recognized by the Chair. He 
gave a brief account of the very successful day spent by the 
members of the Harford County Historical Society at Tudor 
Hall, near Belair, commemorating the 100th anniversary of the 
birth of Edwin Booth. A letter was read from Mr. E. H. 
Sothoron of the Players Guild expressing his regret at being 
unable to attend the exercises due to his sailing on the 28rd 
of October but extended the very best wishes of Mrs. Sothoron 
and himself for the efforts of the Maryland Historical Society 
and the Harford County Historical Society to honor the birth 
of Edwin Booth. It may be noted here that Mr. Sothoron died 
on the day that he was to sail for Europe. 

The Maryland Tercentenary Commission has extended to 
this Society a cordial invitation to be present on the 22nd of 
ISTovember, at 2 : 30 P. M., at the War Memorial to hear the 
broadcast from Cowes, England and the answer to be returned 
by Gov. Ritchie, and a word of greeting from President Roose- 
velt, all in connection with the unveiling at Cowes by the Mary- 
land bom Lord Fairfax of the tablet which is being placed in 
honor of the sailing of the " Ark " and the " Dove." 

Mrs. Arthur Barneveld Bibbins was then introduced and she 
gave a most entertaining talk on the English homes of the Lords 
Baltimore, illustrated with lantern slides. 

It was moved, seconded and carried that a rising vote of 
thanks be extended to Mrs. Bibbins in appreciation for such a 
delightful evenings entertainment. 



PBOCBEmNQS OF THE SOCIETY. 



353 



Deceviber 11th, 193S. — The regular meeting of the Society 
was held tonight with President Harris in the chair. 

The minutes of the last meeting were read and approved as 
read. 

A list of the donations to the library since the last meeting 
was read. 

The following named persons, having been previously nomi- 
nated, were elected to membership : 

Active 

Dr. Noble 0. Powell Mr. Henry K Walker 

Dr. Angus L. MacLean Mrs. James M. Warrick 

Mr. Kent R. MuUikin Mr. Basil Sollers 

Mr. Robert M. Torrence Dr. Raymond Gerard Willse 

Sister M. Olotilde Holbein 

Associate 

Mr. Thomas M. Goodrich 

The following deaths were reported from among our mem- 
bers: 

Mr. John D. TJrie, on November 19th, 1933. 

Mrs. Hester Dorsey (Albert Levin) Richardson, on Decem- 
ber 10th, 1933. 

The President spoke of the lamentable fact that the Key 
manuscript of the Star Spangled Banner is to be offered for sale 
at auction in New York City but that it was not within the 
power of the Society to make any drastic efforts to try to save 
it for Baltimore. 

Mr. James E. Hancock, President of the Society of the War 
of 1812 in Maryland, was recognized. He told of the efforts 
of his Society to obtain some details of the sale and perhaps 
arrange to secure the manuscript for the Society of 1812. In 
this connection he introduced the following resolutions: 

" Whereas, We have heard that the original manuscript of 
the Star Spangled Banner as written by Francis Scott Key 
is about to be disposed of by the executors of the Estate of the 
late Henry Walters. 



S54 



MAKTLAKD HISTOBIOAL MA^i^NE. 



" Avd whereas. We have understood that Mr. Henry Walters 
had purchased said manuscript -with the understanding that it 
would be kept in Baltimore. 

" Therefore he it resolved. That the Maryland Historical So- 
ciety, assembled in General ]\rceting, December eleventh, nine- 
teen hundred and thirty-three, would deprecate the departure 
of this interesting relic which is so closely identified with the 
history of Baltimore, and hope that proper means will be taken 
to retain it in this city." 

The motion was seconded and unanimously carried. 

Mr, William L. Marhury was recognized by the Chair. He 
suggested that the Society express to his honor the Mayor of 
Baltimore that an effort be made by the City to secure the Key 
manuscript. 

Upon motion duly seconded and carried the Corresponding 
Secretary was advised to inform the Mayor of Baltimore of the 
feeling of the Society in the matter of the Key manuscript, and 
to forward to him a copy of the Resolutions as presented by Mr. 
Hancock. 

The President brought to the attention of the meeting the pos- 
sibility of having the Rotary Club of Baltimore deposit with 
this Society the memorial plaque which has been presented to 
said club by the Cowes Rotary Club in connection with the 
unveiling of the tablet at Cowes, England, commemorating the 
sailing from there of the " Ark " and the " Dove." 

It was moved that a Committee be appointed to take this 
matter up with the President of the Baltimore Rotary Club, and 
the following named members of the Society to constitute said 
Committee. Mr. William Ingle, Mr. Thomas Foley Hisky, and 
Mr. J. Alexis Shriver. 

The motion was duly seconded and carried. 

The President extended the thanks of the Society to Mr. 
Henry Chandlee Forman for his gift to the library of a volume 
prepared by him entitled, " The Turner Family of ' Hebron ' 
and Betterton, Maryland." 



KptliS, BEVIBWS AND QTIEBIBS. 



355 



Mr. .Forman, the speaker of the evening, was then recognized 
and he gave a most delightful talk on the Seventeenth and 
Eighteenth Century architecture of Maryland, and later shovi^ed 
colored lantern slides of the exterior and interior views of some 
of the earliest houses in St. Mary's and on the Eastern Shore 
of Maryland. 

Upon motion of Mr. J. Alexis Shriver, duly seconded and 
carried, the thanks of the Society were extended to Mr. Forman 
for his most interestii^ and entertaining lecture. 



NOTES, REVIEWS AND QUERIES. 



First Settlement of ye Plantations of Piscatawy and Wood- 
bridge, olde East New Jersey. By Obba Eugene Mon- 
NETTE. (A scries of eight or more parts.) Los Angeles, 
California, Limited to 350 copies. 

Part five of this work has just been received, covering pages 
650 to 884 and containing 47 illustrations. It is difficult to 

comment intelligently on this work in its incomplete state, as it 
is different in construction from other genealogical works. It 
contains a great mass of data supported by photostatic and 
photographic copies of documents and records. The material 
is doubtless of great value, but until the contemplated index is 
completed it is obviously difficult of access, as the tables of 
contents do not give an adequate clue to the vast amount of 
material gathered into these nearly 900 pages. When com- 
pleted and fully indexed, it will doubtless take its place as a 
major achievement in genealogy. 



Our Earliest Colonial Settlements; their diversities of origin 
and later Characteristics. By Chables M. Andbews. 
New York, 1933, pp. 179. $2.50. (Stokes Foundation.) 

These six lectures by Dr. Andrews are not only illuminating, 
as was to be expected, but are equally delightful from a literary 
standpoint. The settlements of Virginia, Maseachusetts, Ehode 



356 



MAETLAITD HISTOKICAL MAGAZIITE. 



Island, Connecticut and Maryland are considered from the 
point of colonization and later development. " An unbiased 
approach to the colonies from the standpoint of their origin will 
do something to eliminate those patriotic and nationalistic 
obsessions that have often led to an interpretation of the Ameri- 
can past in a manner rather ingenious and artificial than his- 
torical." A valuable and thoroughly enjoyable work. 



Proceedings of the Maryland Court of Appeals, 1696-1729. 
Edited by Hon. Cabeoll T. Bond. American Historical 
Association, 1933. 

This is the first volume in the series of " American Legal 
Records," sponsored by the American Historical Association. 
From the Foreword we quote : " For the initial volumes, it was 
decided to select judicial records of the eighteenth century — 
a period even more seriously neglected than the earlier colonial 
era — ^beginning wiUi the proceedings of the Maryland Court of 
Appeals from 1685 to 1729." 



The Founding of Maryland. By Matthew Page Andeews. 
WiUiams & Wilkins: Appleton-Century, $4.50. 

This timely contribution to the Tercentenary Celebration 
of the founding of our commonwealth, is the most important 
study of the period that has yet appeared and is by far the best 
work that Mr. Andrews has yet done. It should have a place 
in every public library and should be patronized by everyone 
interested in our local history. The work was sympathetically 
reviewed in the Evening Sun of December 9th. 



CatOj the Censor, on Farming. Translated by Ernest Bbe- 
HATTT. Columbia University Press, 1933, pp. 156. Price, 
$3.75. (Records of Civilization, No. XVII.) 

That Cato the Elder's De agricultura is an invaluable docu- 
ment has been recognized for more than twenty centuries. To 
the " Records of Civilization," Mr. Brehaut now adds the first 
complete translation into English of Cato's work, and scholar- 



NOTES, EEVIEWS AMD QUEEIES. 



357 



ship is the gainer thereby. Detailed notes accompany the trans- 
lation, and an introduction clariiies the text. 

It is a handbook upon vine and olive-culture, written for any 
gentleman of means who is about to take up agriculture as a 
business venture, the only peaceful pursuit open to such a 
gentleman. 

As a picture of rural life in the old Roman Eepublic, Oato on 
Farming, has surpassing merit. 



1661 Crescent Place, K W. 
Washington, D. C. 

Question. Who were the parents of Margaret Crabb who 
married Dr. Richard Johns (1703-1748) of Calvert Co., a son 

of Abraham and Margaret (Hutching) Johns, and had Eliza- 
beth, b. 1734, m. an Orme; Thomas, 1737, m. Sarah Holly- 
day (1751- ) dau. of Dr. Leonard HoUyday; Margaret, b. 
1742, m. Brooke Beall; Jane, b. ? m. a Ridgely; Philip; 
and maybe a sixth child ? " 

Notes. Ralph Crabb had a Margaret who m. a Hilleary, as 
" Monnette Family " states. That book also states that " Henry 
Crabb (1) had one son Ralph," but Ralph's will names brother 
Edward; " Semmes Papers " in Md. Hist. Soc. gives will of 
Thomas Crabb March, 1719, wife Elizabeth, dau. Elizabeth; 
dau. Margaret; dau. Jane, who m. C. S. Smith. Added note 
says " Kin. Ralph, a brother, C, S. Smith, son-in-law." 

The names of the children of Margaret (Crabb) Johns sug- 
gest Thomas as her fatter. 

Joseph Birckhead's will, 1739, names nephews Philip and 
Williams Johns, sons of his sister Margaret and Dr. Richard 
Johns. (I think Joseph was a step-brother of Richard Johns.) 

Tours truly, 

Edwin T. Pollock, 
Captain, U. S. UTavy. (Ret.) 



INDEX TO VOLUME XXVIII. 



(Names of Authors, Titles of Contributed Papers and Original Docu- 
ments in small capitals; book titles noticed or reviewed are in italics. 



Abbington Manor, 165. 

Adams, Ann ( ), 346. 

John Quincy, 2. 
Mathew, 44, 346. 
Richard, 47. 
Addison, Charlotte (Hesselius), 199. 

Walter 199. 
Africa (ship), 180, 189, 191, 194. 
Agnus, Felix, 277. 
Allely, Edward, 349. 
Allen, iZec. Bennett, 170. 
Joseph, 198. 
Sarah, 202. 
Allender, Dr. Joseph, 232. 
AUome, Nicholas, 348. 
AUum, Nicholas, 345. 
Altham, Father, 301, 302. 
American arid Daily Advertiser, 272, 
275, 276. 

American Colonists in English 

Recxjeds. George Sherwood, 196. 
Am^can Law Review, 281. 
Anderson, Dr. George M., elected, 3S2. 

Mounse, 46. 
Andrewes, Capt., 191. 
Andbews, Chables M. Our Earliest 

Colonial Settlements, 355. 
Andrews, Matthew Page. The 

Founding of Maryland, 356. 
Angell, James, 208. 
Anne Arundel Manor, 160, 164, 165. 
Applegate, Mrs. Emily R., 278. 
ArTc and Dove (ships), 283, 307, 352, 

354. 

Arundell, Lady Anne, 284, 305, 306. 

iadj/ Anne (Portrait) , 305. 
Lady Blanche, 307, 308. 
Roger, 306. 

Sir Thomas, 305, 306, 307, 
308. 

Earl Thomas Howard, 301. 
Ashmead, Nancy, 212, 214, 216, 219, 

223,_ 234. 
Atalanta (ship), 219. 
Audley, Thomas, 262. 
Avalon, Newfoundland, 290, 298, 299, 

300, 301. 
Ayxcough, John, 263. 

Back Creek, 346. 

Bacon, Sir Praneig, 202, 293, 286. 



Baker, Andrew, 263. 
John, 210. 
Newton, D., 277. 

Thomas, 263. 
William G., Jr., 57. 
Baldwin, Capt. Henry, 204. 
Ball, Richard, 44, 45, 47, 345, 346. 
Baltimore, Lady Anne (Arundell) 
306, 307, 308. 
Lady Anne (Mynne ) , 296. 
Benedict Leonard Cal- 

Ith lord, 297. 
Cecilius Calvert, 2d lord, 
29, 103, 109 fif., 284, 
289, 299, 301 fif. 
Cecilius Calvert (Por- 
trait), 302. 
Charles Calvert, Sd lord, 
305. 

Charles Calvert, Sth 
Lord, 148, 150, 151, 
152, 163, 168, 170, 171. 
' Lady Charlotte (Le«) 
297. 

George Calvert, 1st lord, 

110, 283 fif. 
George Calvert (Por- 
trait), 283, 293. 

Lady Joan ( ), 301. 

Lords see also Calvert. 
Baltimore American and Daily Ad- 
vertiser, 1, 2, 3, 272, 274, 275. 
Baltimore Clipper, 1, 3. 
Baltimoee Countt Land Records 

OF 1672. Louis Dow Scisco, 44. 
Baltimore County Land Records 

OF 1673. Louis Dow Scisco, 345. 
Baltimore Directory, 1796, 273. 
Baltimore Intelligencer, 273. 
Baltimore Telegraph, 274. 
Bamford, William, 9 f. 
Bami-oed's Diart, 9. 
Bancroft, Mrs. Robert Hale, 49, 50. 
Banks, Oen. N. P., 309, 310, 312. 
Barber, George, 228. 

Capt.' George, 217, 238. 
John, 212, 228, 233, 277. 
Capt. John, 241. 
Luke. 231. 

Susan (Rowles), 231. 
Bare Cre^, 349. 

359 



360 



MAETLAND HISTOEICAL MAGAZINE. 



Barney, Gapt. Joshua, 221. 

Barret, John, 349. 

Barrol, N., 202. 

Barton, Randolph, Jr., 57. 

Baseter, Roger, 262. 

Bayley, Godfrey, 348. 

Baxter, John, 304. 

Beal, Major, 207. 

Beale, Busebius, 347, 349, 350. 

Beall, Brooke, 357. 

Margaret (Johns) 357. 
Beard, Richard, 199. 
"Beaver Neck," 348. 
Beaverdam Manor, 163, 164. 
Bedell, Edward, 345. 
Beers, Walter W., 57. 
Bell, Edmund Hayes, 74, 281. 
" Bellevue," 3. 
Belson, John, 195. 
Benger, Robert, 48. 
Bennet, Andrew, 348. 
Bennett, Richard, 113. 
Berkeley, Gov. Henry, 109, 110, 113. 
Berkley, Dr. Henry J., 52, 57. 
Berkley, Dr. Henbt J. Captain 

Thomas CornwalUs, 55. 
Berrey, Nancy, 237. 
Berry, Oapt., 220. 
Bevin, George, 243. 

Mary (Ogel), 243. 
Bias, see Byas. 

BiBBiNS, Mrs. Abthue Babnevixd. 
The English Beginnings of Mary- 
land, 283. 

Bibbins, Mrs. Arthur Barneveld, 352. 

Bigg, William, 212. 

Birckhead, Joseph, 357. 

Blackiston's Island, 283. 

Blaokston, Ebenezar, 345. 

Blair, Montgomery, 320, 321. 

Blofield, Benjamin, 347. 

Blount, Father Richard, 301, 302. 

Bobbins, Polly (Knapp), 208. 

Bohemia River, 345, 347. 

Bokel, Martha, 280. 

Bond, Cakboll T., Ed. Proceedintjs 
of the Maryland Court of Appeals, 
X696-1729, 356. 

Bond, Nancy (Pinkeney), 212. 

Book Reviews, Notes and Queries, 
74, 196, 281, 355. 

Booney, Bdmond, 347. 

Booth, Edwin, 352. 

Sir George, 116. 

Bose (Boss), Catherine, 3, 275, 276. 
Catherine (Schock), 2, 3. 
Christian, 273, 278. 
Elizabeth Emma (Gilder), 3. 
Jacob, 2, 3, 275, 278. 



Bose, Mary (Goulding), 3. 

William, 1 276, 277. 
Bose, William, 1796-1875, 1. 
Bostwick, Thomas, 46. 
Boteler, John, 27. 
Bowen, Jesse N., 57. 
Bowyer, Adam, 225. 
Boyoe, Heyward E., 57. 
Bradford, Oov. William, 314, 315, 
316. 

Bray, Thomas, 56. 

Bbehaut, Ernest, tr. Cato, the 

Censor, on Farming, 356. 
Brent, Alice H., 57. 

Giles, 112. 
Brewer, Elizabeth (Gastin), 234. 

Elizabeth (Wilmott), 283. 
EUinor, 219. 
John, 227, 234. 
Joseph, 223, 233. 
Mary, 227. 
Nicholas, 234, 242. 
Richard, 208. 
Brice, James, 202, 237. 

Mrs. James, 224, 239. 
John, 217. 
Samuel, 202. 
Bridgewater Manor, Somerset Co., 
163. 

Brigg, Nicholas Carroll, 213. 
Brigham, Clarence S., 244. 
Brigham, Clarence S. Bibliography 

of American Newspapers, 119. 
Brispo, Anthony, 350. 
Brispoe, Anthony, 347. 
Brocas, George, 347. 
Bromfeild, John, 348. 
Brown, Mrs. Eli Vernon, elected, 352 

George William, 311. 

Mrs. J. Dorsey, elected, 52. 

Robert D., 277. 

William, 243. 

William McCulloh, 278. 

Browning, Elizabeth ( ), 345. 

John, 345. 
Thomas, 346. 
Bruce, Howard, 57. 
Bryan, E., 259, 265. 

William Walter, elected, 351. 
Bryce, John, 212. 
" Buck Neck," 47. 
Buckland, Benjamin, 201. 
Bull, Constantine, 200. 

Edmond, 1, 3. 
Bullin, John, 229. 
Bullocke, Prances, 39. 
Bumberry, Oapt., 210. 
Burgogne, Cfen. John, 13. 
Burtcm, Julia B., 5.1. 



361 



Butcher, John, 221. 
Butler, John, 262. 
Buttler, Thomas, 39. 
Byas, Polly, 229, 232. 

Joseph, 233, 234, 239. 
Byworth, Thomas, 349. 

Callhoun, John, 241. 

Sally, 241. 
Calvert, Alice (Crosland), 285, 289. 
Anne (Mynne), 289, 296. 
Benedict, 145, 146, 147, 163, 

168, 170. 
George, 304. 
Grace, 297. 
John, 296. 

John, of Oulcotes, 287. 
Leonard, 112, 285, 286, 287, 

288, 289, 304. 
William, 287. 
Calvert, see also Baltimore, Lordt. 
Calvert Papers, 102. 
Calverton Manor, 164. 
Cameron, Simon, 310. 
Campbell, Oapt., 239. 

Daniel, 200. 
Cancord, Lottie (Price), 215. 

William, 215. 
Captain John's Creek, 346. 
Carey, Matthew, 266. 
Carleton, Thomas, 45, 345, 346, 349. 
Carlock, Mahel R., 282. 
Carpenter, John Delaval, Earl of 
Tyrconnell, 297. 
Sarah (Crowe), 297. 
Adml. Walter Cecil, 296, 
297. 

Carr, 200. 

Col., 15. 

William Woodward, 200. 
Carroll, Charles, Barrister, 49. 

Charles, of Annapolis, 166. 
Charles, of Carrollton, 51, 
55, 59, 65, 166. 
Carroll Park, 49, 50. 
Carter, Col. Edward, 45, 348. 
Casonovitz, Bev., 8. 

CATO, the CeH-SOE, OTT FAKMItfO. 

Translated hy flrnest BreJiaut, 356. 
Cavokerr, 346. 
Cayton, Charles, 201, 218. 

William, 201. 
Cecil, Dr. Arthur Bond, elected, 56. 

Sir Robert, 285, 289, 290, 292. 
Chadbome, William, 48. 
Champines, Jawyn, 38. 

Chandler, (Rodgrers), 232. 

Walter, 232. 



ChapUne, Deborah, 74. 

Col. Joseph, 74, 281. 
Ruhamah, 74. 
Chapman, Ann, 240. 

Polly (Davidson), 230. 

Robert, 347. 

William, 45. 
Chaptico Manor, 164. 
Charles I, King of England, 295 -ff. 
Charleton, Thomas, 46, 48. 
Chase, Jerry, 204. 
Cherne Creek, 46. 
Chew, Dolly (Weems), 271. 

Samuel Lloyd, 271. 
Choyce, William, 46. 
Christian Prelates of Baltiuobe 

ON RuSSO-JEWISH PERSECXmON. 

By B. H. Sartogensis, 4. 
Chronicle, 276. 

Clagett, Bp. Thomas, 199, 200. 
Claiborne, Williaffli, 26 f., 172 f., 
257 #. 

Claibobite: vs. Closest et als. m 
THE High Court of Aduibalty, 
26 ff., 172 257 ff. 

Clspham, Jonas, 205. 

Kitty (Cook), 205. 

Clark, Ann, 240. 

Joseph, 206, 208. 

Clarke, Joseph, 204. 

Claude, Abraham, 211, 214. 

Clayton, Dobbin <S Company, pub- 
lishers, 274. 

Cleggett, (Hesselious), 211. 

Clemments, Sallie (Wall), 211, 232. 

Clinton, &en. Henry, 18, 19, 20. 

Cloberry, William, 26^., 172 f., 
257 ff. 

Coates, Thomas, 201. 

Cobb, Howell, 323. 

Cook, John, 346. 

Cockes, Joseph, 39. 

Colfax, Schuyler, 327. 

Coleman, Mrs. Catherine, 116. 

Collens, Richard, 47. 

Collet, John, 348. 

Richard. 348. 

" Colleton," 348. 

" Collets Points," 45. 

Collett, John, 44, 45, 46, 48. 

Collier, John, 47. 

Collington Manor, 164, 165. 

Collins, W. R., 8. 

Colter, Ann (Clark), 240. 
Henry, 240. 

Commerce (ship), 234. 

Conegocheague Manor, 164. 

Constaple, John, 39. 



362 



MAETLAND HIST^ICAl MAGAZI3!fB. 



Cony, Allexander, 47. 
Cook, Mrs. George Hamilton (Jane 
James), 51. 

Kitty, 205. 

Nancy, 217. 
Corner, Thomas C, 57. 
Cornwallis, Gapt., 347. 

Thomas, 304. 
Coubourne, William, 349. 
Courtney, Rev. A. M., 8. 
'• Cove Tract," 45. 

Cowes, England, 283, 302, 306, 352. 
Cowes, Eng., Eotary Club, 354. 
Cowman, John, 207, 213, 214, 215, 
219. 

Crabb, Edward, 357. 

Elizabeth, 357. 

Elizabeth ( ), 357. 

Henry, 357. 

Jane, 357. 

Margaret, 357. 

Ealph, 357. 

Thomas, 357. 
Cranfleld, Edward, 304. 
Craven, Avery Odell, 158. 
Cromwell, Richard, 241. 
Crooked Creek, 348. 
Crooks, Esther J., elected, 278. 
Crosland, Alice or Alicia, 285, 287, 
289. 

(Hawks worth), 287, 

288, 289. 
John, 285, 286, 289, 303. 
Crowe, Lady Charlotte Lee (Cal- 
vert), 297. 
Christopher, 297. 
Sarah, 297. 
Cryst, Betsy (Pryce), 214. 
Cugley, Daniel, 38. 
Cull, Mabel F., 51. 

Danby Wiske, Yorkshire, Eng., 286, 
290. 

Dance, Thomas, 201. 

Dandy, John, 263. 

Darby, Deberow, 214, 215. 

Damall, B. Bennett, elected, 352. 

Davcnant, John, 105. 

Sir William, 101 ff. 
Davidson, Major. 212. 

Lt., 208. 

Eleanor, 215, 239. 
John, 55, 198, 203, 207, 
209, 243. 

Capt. John, 228. 

Gen. John, 219, 220. 
Kitty (Johnson), 212. 
Maria (Griseam), 220. 
Nelly, 211. 



Davidson, Polly, 230. 

Rebecca (Walker), 214, 
217 218 

William, 198, 211, 214, 
218, 239. 

Caroline V., 68. 

Elizabeth, 68. 
Dawkins, Walter I., 57. 
Dawson, Capt. George, 22. 
De Cross, Capt. Francis, 205. 
Deering, Edward, 263. 
Defence (ship), 36. 
Delabarr, John, 189, 190. 
Delew, Bev. Lewis, 8. 
Dennis, John M., 57. 

Samuel K., 57. 
Dent, George, 216. 
Derrell, Thomas, 304. 
Deajardins, I., 47. 

John, 346. 
Dick, James, 166. 

Dielman, Louis H., 55, 57, 280, 350. 

Mrs. Louis H., 50, 51. 
DiSFBANOHISEMENT IN MaBYLAND, 

1861-67. By WaUam A. Russ, Jr., 
309. 

Disney, Capt. James, 242. 
Dix, Gen. John Adams, 310, 311, 312, 
313. 

Dixon, John, 47. 
" Dixons Neck," 46. 
Dobbin, Archibald, 273, 274. 

Catherine, 275. 

Catherine (Boee), 3, 275, 
276. 

George, 3, 274, 275, 276, 277. 
George W., 276, 277. 
Joseph Townsend, 277. 
Margaret, 274, 276, 277. 
Robert A., 275, 276, 277. 
Susan, 274. 
T. M., 277. 
Thomas, 274, 275. 
Dobbin and Eardin, publishers, 273, 
274. 

Dodge, George R., 312, 313. 
Donahue, Father Patrick, J., 7, 8. 
Donations, 49, 50, 52, 55, 66, 67, 
70, 71, 72, 73, 278, 350, 353, 354. 
Donop, Col., 23. 
Doraey, Daniel, 212, 225. 
Hester, 353. 

Downes, Bridget ( ), 346. 

Henry, 346. 
Downes Branch, 346. 
Drake, Sir Francis, 286. 
"Drecut," 349. 
Dnkebart, Morton McK., 277. 



INDEX. 



363 



Dulany, Daniel, 143, 146, 154, 156, 
157, 163, 164, 167, 169, 170. 
Walter, 170, 237. 
Dunkerton, William, 47, 348, 34«, 
Dunn, Robert, 346. 
Dunton, Dr. William Rush, Jr., 350, 
351. 

Durant, William, 113. 
Durham Cathedral, Eng. (lUus.), 
298 

Duvail, Gabriel, 203, 209. 

Lewis, 236, 
Polly, 209. 
Richard, M., 51, 57. 
Sarah (Harwood), 236, 237. 
Duveen, Lord Joseph, 306. 

The Bably History of the Bami- 

iiOBE American. By Thomas D. 

Pennimm, 272. 
Baely Maryland Newspapers. 

Oomp. ly Q-eorge 0. Keidel, Ph. D., 

119, 244, 328 
Bastport, Md., 113. 
Baton, Jeremiah, 46, 48. 

Maria Lovell, 59, 65. 
" Baton Family Room," 59, 65. 
Bddis, William, 157, 106. 
Bden, Sir Timothy, 306. 
Edmondson, John, 230. 

Susan (Howard), 230. 
Edmonson, Archibald, 282. 
Edmunds, James R., Jr., elected, 280. 
Bldesley, Henry, 48, 345, 346, 348, 
349 

Parneil ( ), 345, 349. 

Elizabeth, Queen of England, 283 if. 
BUet, Vincent, 48. 
Ellis, Rev. Dr. F. M., 7. 

Peter, 48. 
The English Beginnings of Mart- 
land. By Mrs. Arthur B. BiVbins, 
283. 

Brrickson, John, 349. 
Bssary, Mrs. J. Frederick, elected, 
351. 

Ettings, Ruben, 239. 
Evans, Joseph, 233. 
Bvatt, Woodward, 241. 
Bvelin, Cavt. George, 16, 26 ff., 
172 ff., 260 ff. 
Mountjoy, 260, 261, 262, 
263, 264, 265. 
Swell, David, 268 

Frances, 268. 
Jesse, 268. 
Margaret, 268. 
Rachel (Weems), 268. 



extbacts fkom diaby of wlixjam 
Fabis of Annapolis, Mabtland, 
197. 



Fairfax of Cameron, JStfc goron, 

Albert Kirby, 352. 
" Fareall," 347. 
Faris, Abigail, 

Ann, 198. 

Charles, 197 

Hiram, 197 if. 

Maria, 243. 

Nancy, 204 

Priscilla (Woodward), 197. 
Rebecca, 198, 200, 201. 
St. John, 198]?. 
Owpt. St. John, 290 ff. 

William, 197 f . 

Mrs. William, 214. 
Farling, Gapt., 221. 
" Fawnmouth," 347. 
Fendall, Copt. Josias, 345. , 
Fendall's Creek, 47, 347. 
Fenhagen, 6. Corner, 57. 
Ferfax, Nicholas, 304. 
Fessenden, William Pitt, 324. 
" Fills Choyce," 47. 
Findlay, John V. L., 4. 
FiKST "Settlement of Ye Planta- 
tions OF PiSCATAWX ANT) WOOD- 

BEiDOE, Olde East New Jersey. 
Orra Eugene Monnette, 365. 
Fisher, William, 48. 
Fitzhugh, Perry, 222, 237. 

Vol. William, 200, 20T), 
210. 227. 
Fleming, Kitty, 198. 
Flvnn, Mrs. James Martin, elected, 
50. 

Focke, Ferdinand B., 57, 282. 
Ford, Thomas, 44. 

Fobman, Henry Chandlee. Seven- 
'teenth and Eighteenth Century 
Architecture oi Maryland, 355. 

Forman, Henry Chandlee, elected, 

352. 

Forney, John Wien, 322. 
Fort Constitution, N. J., 15, 18. 
Fort Cumberland, Md., 162. 
Fort Cumberland, N. S., 19, 22. 
Fort Frederick, Md., 279. 
Fort Kniphausen, N. S., 22. 
Fort Lee, N. J., 18, 20. 
Fort Washington, N. J., 15, 17. 
Poster, Mrs E. Edmunds, 51. 

James W, 266. 
Foster's Creek, 48. 
Fouch, Hugh, 46. 



4 



364 



MABYLAND HISTOKICAL MAGAZINE. 



Founding or Maryland. Matthew 

Page Andrews, 356. 
Fowler, Fanny, 214. 

Jubb, 199. 

Laurence Hall, 57. 
Frailey, Leonard, 275. 
Franklin, Dr. Fabian, 4. 
Frazer, (Duekett), 210. 

Joshua, 224. 

Samuel, 210. 
Frick, George Arnold, 57. 
Friedenwald, Dr. Aaron, 8. 
Frisbie, James, 46, 48, 348, 347, 348, 
349. 

Fulton, Charles C, 276, 277. 
Funk, Mrs. Joseph J., elected, 50. 

Gale, Matthew, 210. 
. Galloway, Samuel, 166. 
Gardner, Gapt., 210, 219, 226. 

Betsey (Goldsmith), 210. 
Garret or Gerret, Robert, 46. 
Garret, Rutgers, 345. 
Garrett, John W., 52, 67. 
Gassaway, Betsy, 208, 213. 

Elizabeth, 207, 213. 

Polly, 211, 213. 

Rebecca, 200, 208, 210, 
213. 

Gasson, Betsy, 220. 
Gassoway, Elizabeth, 230. 

Elizabeth (Price), 232. 
Oapt. John, 228, 232. 
Polly, 239. 
Rebecca, 227. 
Gastin, Mrs. Ann, 228. 
Elizabeth, 234. 
George, 228. 
Thomas, 201. 
Geddis, David, 200, 202. 
George, John, 347. 
George Washington Bi-OentennmX 

Commission, 59, 65. 
Gerard, Richard, 303, 304. 

Sir Thomas, 303, 304. 
Ghislin, Deborah, 206. 
Kittie, 198. 

Nancv (Robertson), 227. 
Dr. Reverdy, 201, 214, 218, 
227, 231. 238, 242. 
Gibbons, Cardinal James, 4, 5, 7. 
Gibson, Miles, 345, 349. 
GiDDEiTS, Paul H. Land Policies and 
Administration in Colonial Mary- 
land, 1753-1769, 142. 
Qift of God (ship), 205. 
Gilbert, John, 46. 

Thomas, 347. 



Gilder, Elizabeth Emma, 3. 

Capt. Reuben, 3. 
Giles, Emma, 49. 

Gittings, Elizabeth Mary Bose, 3. 

Gives, William, 345. 

Glass, David W., 6. 

Glidden, Edward H., Jr., elected, 352. 

Glover, William, 238. 

Goddard, Mary, 272. 

William, 272. 
Godfrey, John, 349. 
Godman, Capt, 226. 
Gold, George M., 320. 

Peter, 230. 
Golder, Archibald, 206, 208, 216, 219. 
Goldsberry, 203, 204. 

(Worthington), 203. 

Goldsborough, Maria (Thomas), 238. 
Thomas, 238. 

Goldsmith, , 212, 218, 219. 

Ann, 220. 
Betsey, 210. 
George, 348. 
Thomas, 45, 226. 
William, 223. 
Goldsmith's Branch, 346. 
Goodrich, Thomas M., elected, 353. 
Gordon, John, 25. 

Capt. John, 241. 
Gorsuch, Charles, 349. 
Robert, 349. 
Sarah, 280. 
Gough, Harry Dorsey, 49. : 
Goulding, Mary, 3. 

Patrick, 3. 
Gouldsmith, George, 44, 45, 46, 47. 
Nathaniell, 44. 
Samuel, 44. 
Grabell, Oapt. Philip, 239. 
Gramer, Cuttlep, 243. 

Frederick, 237. 
Grammer, Rev. Dr. Julius N., 7. 
Gray, John, 268. 

M. Dorcas, 269. 
Richard, 219. 

(Richardson), 219. 

Green, Mrs. 212, 214. 
Miss, 211. 
Anne, 229. 

Samuel, 211, 213, 213. 

Thomas, 113. 
Greene, Henry, 304. 
Greenway, William H., 57. 
Gresham, Thomas B., 67. 
Griffith, R. R., elected, 850. 
Grinder, Thomas, 259. 
Griscam, Maria, 220. 
Griswold, B. Howell, Jr., 57. 



ISWSiX. 



365 



Griswold, B. Howell, Jr. A Mary- 
land Governor Who Never Gov- 
erned, 101, 279. 

"The Grove," 46. 

Guard, Percy, 8. 

Gundry, Gideon, 44, 47, 349. 
Joseph, 345. 

Gunpowder Manor, 164. 

Guynn, Capt. John, 228. 

Hagar, Jonathan, 157, 158. 
Haines, Nathan, 322. 
Hakluyt, Richard, 290. 
Hale, Nathan, 10. 
Hall, Henry, 166. 

John, 222, 223. 
Capt. John, 304. 
HAtsEY, Dr. K. T. Haines. The 
Restoration of Somewood and 
Customs in Colonial Times i« 
Maryland, 52. 
Hamersley, Hugh, 171. 
Hamilton, Capt., 220, 228. 

Mrs. 208, 229. 
Col. Sir Robert, 24. 
William T., 324. 
Hammon, Thomas, 212. 

William, 212. 
Hammond, J., 201. 
Hancock, James E., 57, 353, 354. 
Hannah, Capt. U., 209. 
HaiiBCM, William, 198. 

Miss , 241. 

Alexander C, 202, 241. 
Mrs. EUener, 215. 
William, 213, 214, 215. 
" The Happie Harbour," 48. 
Harbore Creek, 45. 
Barford County Historical Society, 
352. 

Harris, Eleanor (Davidson), 215, 
219, 239. 
George, 348, 349. 
Isaac, 243. 
Thomas, 211, 215. 
W. Hall, 49 3?., 278, 279, 

280, 360, 351, 353, 354. 
Rev. Dr. William, 8. 
Harrison, George, 57. 

Lucy Harwood, 53, 54, 60. 
Margaret, 268. 
Rachel, 271. 
Richard, 271. 
Harrold, Mrs. Lily Sellers, elected, 
279. 

Hartogensis, B. H. Christian Prel- 
ates of Baltimore on Russo-Jewish 
Persecution, 4. 



Harwood, Col., 229. 

Major , 241. 

Ann (Chapman), 240. 

Anne (Green), 229. 

Benjamin, 243. 

John, 227. 

Joseph, 240. 

Mary (Brewer), 227. 

Nancy, 229, 238, 239. 

Nicholas, 108, 236, 23S, 
239. 

Polly, 239. 

Richard, 229, 241. 

Risdon, 214. 

Sally (Callahoun), 241. 

Sarah, 236. 
Thomas, 31, 33, 239. 

Capt. Thomas, 347. 

William, 243. 
"Haalemore," 46. 
Haslewood, Henry, 46, 348, 349. 
Hatch, John, 263. 
Hawker, Thomas, 345. 
Hawkins, John, 45, 46, 48, 348. 

Joseph, 46. 

Robert, 46, 348, 348. 

Sarah, 48. 
Hawksworth, William, 285, 288, 288. 
Hawlie, Jerome, 304. 
" Hay Downe," 346. 
Hayes, Thomas G., 4. 
Hayles, Thomas, 38. 
Hearst, William R., 277. 
Heath, Thomas, 348, 350. 
Hehe (ship), 208. 
Hedge, Thomas, 345. 
Henderson, B. Harris, elected, 352. 

Newton R., 56. 
" Henns Roost," 44. 
Henrietta Maria, Queen of England, 

107, 117, 118, 295, 304. 
Hens Island, 45. 
Hepborne, James, 48. 
Hepbourne, James, 345. 
Herriott, John, 30. 
Herrman, Augustine, 45, 46, 48, 346. 
Hesselius, Betsey, 199. 

Charlotte, 199. 
Mary, 207. 
Hicks, Mrs. Frederick C., elected, 56. 

Gov. Thomas H., 310, 311, 312. 
Hides. John, 205. 
Hlggason, Jane, 224. 
Higgs, John, 48. 
Higinbotham, Margaret, 222. 

Rev. Ralph, 200, 219, 
238, 239. 

Hilliary, Margaret (Crabb), 357. 



366 



MABTI.AKD MAdAZWE. 



Hillen, John, 346. 

Nathaniel, 347. 
Hilles, Mrs. William S., elected, 352. 
Hiskey, Thomas Foley, 3S4. 
Hobeon, John, 263. 
Eodgden, A. Dana, elected, 279. 

Mrs. Alexander L., 278. 
Hodgson, John, 345. 
" Hogg Neck," 47. 

Holbein, Sister M. Clotilde, elected, 
353. 

Holbrook, Capt Richard, 219, 220 
Holland, Edward, 235. 
G., 200. 
Isaac, 240. 
Hollon, Isaac, 240. 
HoUyday, Dr. Leonard, 357. 
Sarah, 357. 
William, 166. 
Worthington, elected, 279. 
HoUzman, Charles H., 278. 
Hooke House, Wiltshire, Eng., 308 

(Illus.), 308. 
Hooker,'Roland M., elected, SSI. 
Hoopes, William, 271. 
Hopkins, Betsey, 213. 

Mrs. Eugene, elected, 52. 
Gerrard, 213. 

Henry Powell, elected, 52. 

Joseph, 47. 

Richard, 214. 
Horton, Edward, 349. 
"Hortons Fortune," 349. 
Howard, Ann, 220. 

Harvey, 237. 

Henry, 47. 
HOWAED, J. Spence. The Old Homes 
in and around St. Mary's City and 
County, 280. 
Howard, John, 209. 

Mariah, 242. 

Mrs. Mary, 22.3. 

Nancy, 215, 225. 

Samuel, 212, 213, 220, 224, 
230, 237. 

Samuel Harvey, 237. 

Susan, 230. 

Thomas, see Arundell. 
Howe, Gen. William, IZff. 
Howell, Elizabeth, 45. 

Thomas, 45, 348, 349. 
Gapt. Thomas, 345. 
Hughes, Joseph, 349, 350. 
Humbert, D., 346. 
Hunter, Nancy (Quynn), 222. 
Hutchins, Margaret, 357. 
Hyde, Thomas, 199, 212. 

Iglehart, Dr. James D., 57, 280. 



Ijams, Ella, elected, 352. 
" Indian Range," 346. 
Ingle, Capt. Richard, 115. 
Eliza, 51. 

William, 57, 277, 354. 
Intelligencer, 275. 
Ives, James, 47, 48. 

Jackson, Fannie, 233. 

Jacobus Creek, 47, 48. 

James. Cardinal Gibbons, 4, 5, 7. 

James, Rev., 192. 

Charles, 45, 46, 48 

Jane, 51. 

John, 46, 47, 48, 349. 

Macgill, elected, 280. 
James I, King of England, 283 ff. 
Jamin, Mrs. Violet Blair, 280. 
Jarvis, John Wesley, 49. 
Jeffery, Mrs. Elmore B., elected, 352. 
Jenifer, Daniel, of St. Thomas, 170. 
Jenings, Peter, 229. 
Jesni^^s, James, 201, 202. 

Thomas, 202, 221. 
The Jewish Exponent, 5, 6, 7, 8. 
Johns, Capt., 228, 229. 
Johns, Abraham, 357. 

Elizabeth, 357. 

Jane, 357. 

Joseph, 357. 

Margaret, 357. 

Margaret (Crabb), 357. 

Margaret (Hutchins), 357. 

Philip, 357. 

Dr. Richard, 357. 

Sarah (Hollyday), 357. 

Thomas, 357. 

William, 357. 

Jdinson, Deborah ( ), 215, 237, 

240. 
H., 8. 

John, 218, 349. 
Kitty, 210, 212. 
MoUie, 221. 
JoHrrsoN, MairaoE. Roger B. Taney, 
281. 

Johnson, Reverdy, 218, 310, 324. 
Robert, 229, 2B0. 
Thomas, 215. 
Johnston, Betsey (Hesselius), 199. 

Deborah (Ghislin), 206, 

207, 226. 
George, 207, 212. 
Mrs. George, 204, 207. 
John, 206, 207. 
Kitty (Ghislin, 198. 
Robert, 198. 
Thomas, 199. 



367 



Jones, Henry, 349. 

Sir Inigo, 296, 207. 

Isaac D., . 

Kuth, elected, 50. 

Thomas, 47. 
Jordan, John Morton, 164, 171. 

Judkins, Jane ( ), 346. 

Obadiah, 346. 

Kail, Mrs. Kate Randall, elected, 62. 
Kane, George P., 311. 
Karr, Capt., 237, 238, 239, 240. 
Keidel, Dr. George C. Early Mary- 
land Newspapers, 119, 244, 328. 
Kelley, Polly, 200. 
Kelly, J., 202. 
Kelso Genealogy, 73, 196. 
Kelty, Copt. John, 206, 207, 218, 220. 
Kemp, John, 349. 
Kempe, Henry, 45. 
Kent County Manors, 166. 
Kent Manor, 160, 164. 
Kent Island, 26 ff., 172 ff., 257 ff. 
Kerr, Abigail (Faris), 198, 230, 840, 
243. 

Alexander, 243. 

Oapt. Archibald, 198, 239. 

Charity, 243. 
Keve, Thomas, 262. 
Key, Francis Scott, 3, 239, 353, 334. 
Mary Tayloe (Lloyd), 3, 227, 
239 

Philip, 163. 
Keyser, H. Irvine (Port.), 65. 
Kilbourn, Elbridge Gerry, 316. 
King, Josiah, 207. 
Kinley, H., 25. 
Knapp, John, 205. 

Polly, 208. 
Knivelngton, Matthew, 347. 
Kiplin Hall, Yorkshire, Eng., 286 ff. 

Land Policies and Admiwistbation 
IN Colonial Maryland, 1753-1769. 
By Paul H. Oiddins, 142. 

Lane, Capt. Luke, 267. 

" The Last," 46. 

Latrobe, Ferdinand C, 53. 

Laud, William, Aip. of Oanterliury, 
300. 

Lawrence, Rev. E. A., 8. 

Lazenby Hall, Yorkshire, Eng., 286. 

Leake, Gwilthin ( ), 48, 346. 

Richard, 48, 346. 
LeakiH, Dr. George, 277. 

J. Wilson, 277. 

Margaret (Dobbin), 276, 
277. 

&en. Sheppard C, 276, 277. 



Leakin, William Leonard Sioussat, 
277. 

Lee, Florence ( ), 347. 

Oen. Henry, 21. 
John, 347. 

Lady Charlotte, 297. 
Lee Astree (ship), 207. 
Leftwich, Bev. Dr. J. T., 7. 
L'Estrange, Joseph, 232. 

Mrs. Joseph, 232. 
Lewis, Thomas, 47. 
Libby, Dr. George F., elected, 352. 
Lile, Rev., 223. 

Lincoln, Abraham, 309, 310, 314, 315, 

319, 323. 
Linoolne, Jonathan, 346. 
Linney, Anthony, 30. 
List of Membebs, 75, 
" Little Drayton," 46. 
Lloyd, Gen., 208. 

Edward, 226. 

Col. Edward, 145, 152, 154, 

162f. 
Henrietta, 229. 
Mary Tayloe, 3, 227, 239. 
PoUy, 239. 

Sarah (Murray), 226. 
Loney, Amos, 3. 
Long, Thomas, 46, 48, 345, 349. 
"The Lord Baltimore's Case Con- 

coming the Province of Maryland,'' 

103. 

Lovelace, Dudley, 48. 
T., 48. 

Lowndes, Edward Bredsenridge, 

elected, 352. 
Lynch, Andrew H., 311. 
"Lynn," 47. 

Macanaday, Dorothy, 47. 

Phillip, 47. 
McCening, Capt., 222. 
McClain, Duncan, 200. 
MeColgan, Mgr. Edward, 7. 

W. W., 57. 
Maeeubin, Maccubbin, Charles, 202, 
216, 2.S.], 234. 

Mrs. Elizabeth, 234. 

Hunter, 226. 

James, 49, 50, 205, 206. 

Moses, 223, 226. 

Nicholas, 49, 50, 240. 

Sarah (Allen), 202, 234. 
McFarland, G. B., 8. 

William, 232. 
McGill, P., 227. 
McGrath, Patrick, 213, 214. 
McHeard, Isaac, 199. 
MeH^ury, Fraaeis D., 266. 



368 



MABYLAND Hl«T©«IOAIi MAGAZINE. 



Mackall, R. McGill, 57. 
Mackubin, Florence, 306. 
MacLean, Dr. Angus L., elected, 353. 
Macnemara, Michael, 235. 
McParlin, William, 232. 
Magreegory, James, 46, 347. 
Mainster, Josephine, elected, 279. 
Malinder, liev. Dacre, 288. 
Manger, Alexander, 25. 

Mann, Mrs. , 241. 

George, 206, 212. 
Manor of Kiplin, Yorkshire, £og., 
287. 

Manors, Kent Co., 166. 
Hants, Vincent, 263. 
Marbury, William L., 55, 354. 
" Marches Seat," 206. 
Marcy, Qen. Randolph Barnes, 312. 
Marine, Harriet P., 57. 
Markle, Rev. Joseph, 269. 
Marley, John, 45. 

Thomas 46, 347. 
Marree, Margaret, 227. 
Marscord, Jane, 348. 

John, 347. 
'■ Marshall Seat," 266. 
" Marshes Seat," 265. 
Marston, Dr. James 6., elected, 50. 
Martin, Alexander, 272, 273, 274. 
Marye, Elizabeth Mary Bose (Cut- 
tings), 3. 
William Boae, 1, 57, 277. 
William Nelson, 3. 
Maryland Charter, 299 if. 
Maryland Gazette, 197. 
A Maryland Governor Who Nb:veb 

Governed. By B. Howell Oria- 

wold, Jr., 101, 279. 
Marj/Uind Journal and Baltimore 

Advertiser, 272. 
Maryland Newspapers, 119, 244, 328. 
Maryland Tercentenary Commission 

287, 352. 

Mason, , 241. 

John, 217. 

Nancy (Murray), 217. 
" Mates Angle," 347. 
Mathiason, Olliver, 48. 
Mathews, Edward B., 57. 
Matthews, Sir Toby, 284, 296., 
Maybury, Capt. Beriah, 231. 
Mayflower (ship), 36, 191. 

Maynadier, , 212. 

T. Murray, 57. 
Maynard, James, 238. 
Meagher, John, elected, 351. 
Medcalfe, John, 304. 
Merrick, Thomas, 210. 
Middlefield, Thomas, 46. 
Mile Manor, 163. 



Mill Manor, 164. 
Milligan, John J., 49, 51. 
Mills, Cornelius, 226, 230, 240. 
Milton, John, 115, 116. 
Moale, Ann (Howard), 220. 

Kancy (Howard), 225, 
Gol. Samuel, 220. 
Mc^?, Joseph, 199. 
Monnette Family, 357. 
MoNNKTTE, Obba Euoene. First 

Settlement of Ye Plantations o{ 

Piscatawy and Woodhridge, 01^ 

East New Jersey, 355. 
Monrow, Fannie, 225. 
Moore, Mrs. Joseph Earle, elected, 

351. 

Moorehead, David, 260. 
Morgan, Abraham, 346, 

Howell, 262. 

Jarvis, 48. 

Richard, 45. 

William, 347, 
Morley, Thomas, 45, 47. 
Morrow, Fanny (Whitcroft), 219. 

Thomas, 219. 
Morse, Silas M., 8. 
Morton, Sir Albert, 29G. 

Matthew, 346. 
Mt. Clare (Carroll Park), 49, 50. 
Miidd, Dr. Joseph, 267. 

Willimina (Weems), 267, 
Mullikin, Kent R., elected, 353. 
Munsey, Frank, 277. 
Murphy, Francis, 274. 

John, 274, 277. 

Thomas, 274, 27.5, 276, 277. 
Murray, 25. 

Dr. James, 199, 203, 218, 
221, 226. 

Nancy, 217. 

Sarah, 226. 
Muskeeto Creek, 348. 
Muth, Cecilia M., elected, 352. 

Myers, , 237. 

Willis E., 280. 
Mynne, Anne, 289, 296. 

George, 289. 
Mytens, Dani«l, 283, 283. 

Nancy (ship), 273, 278. 
Nanticoke Manor, 164. 
Nash, Richard, 345, 346. 
national Tntelligencer, 2. 
Neale, Capt. James, 118. 

Jonathan, 347. 
Necrology, 51, 54, 278, 280. 
" Neves Choyce," 47. 
New Windsor, Carroll Co., 313. 
Newspapers, Bm-ly Maryland, 119, 
244. 



369 



Nicholetts, Charles, 47. 
Nicolai, Charlotte B., 55. 
NicoUs, Mathias, 48. 
Noland, Henrietta ( Smallwood ) , 
281. 

Norman, William W., 280. 
Notes, Reviews and Quebies, 74, 
196, 281, 355. 

"Oakinton," 345. 
Odell, Walter G., 51. 
Ogel, 203. 

Mary, 243. 
Ogle, Benjamin, 217. 

Nancy (Cook) 217. 
" Old Harbour," 284. 
Omeely, Bryant, 46. 
Omeely's Creek, 46, 347. 
O'Neal, Lawrence, 210. 
Onion, 210, 233. 

Charity, 216. 
John, 207, 232. 
Orme, Elizabeth (Johns), 357. 
Orriok, Priscilla, 197. 
Osborne, William, 347. 
" Oulcotes, parish Arneelif," York- 
shire, Enp:., 287. 
OiB Earliest Colonial Settle- 
ments. Charles M. Andrews, 355. 

Overton, Hanna ( ), 349. 

Thomas, 348, 349. 
Owen, John, 45, 47, 48, 345. 
Owens, Julia, 244. 
Juliet, 243. 
T. D., 8. 

Owens, , 214, 218, 221, 223, 233. 

Owings, , 239, 241, 282. 

Paca, Gov. William, 55, 226. 
Page, William C, 57. 
Paine, James R., elected, 352. 
Palmer, William, 46, 48, 347. 
Pancaya Manor, Charles Co., 163. 
Pangarah Manor, 164. 
Paret, Bp. William, 7. 
Parker, Mrs. George (Emma Giles) , 
49. 

Robert, 213. 
Parks, William, 119. 
Parran, Young, 161. 
Parry, Edward, 262. 
Pate, William, 48. 
Paterson, Col., 11, 12. 
Paul, John Oilman D'Arcy, 52, 55. 
Peabody Institute, 277, 351. 
Pearl (ship), 15. 
Pearse, Joseph, 46. 
Pechin, Christophe, 278. 

Jean Christophe, 273. 

William, 273, 275, 276, 277. 



Pechin and Frailey, publishers, 275. 

Pechin, Dohhin, Murphy and Bose, 
publishers, 276, 277. 

Peirce, William, 47, 48. 

Peircey, Joseph, 345. 

Penington, Henry, 48. 

Penniman, Nicholas G., 277. 

Thomas D., 3. 

Penniman, Thomas D. The Early 
History of the Baltimore Ameri- 
can, 272. 

Perry, Mrs. Esther E., elected, 279. 

William, 230. 
Perry, Whmam G. Rockefeller 
Restoration Work at Williamshurg, 
Va. 351. 
" Perry Hall," 49. 
Peterson, Hanse, 346. 
Pettey, John, 204. 
Phelps, Thomas, 347. 
Pigman, Rev. Ignatius, 269. 
Pinkeney, Anthony, 228. 

Nancy, 212. 
Ninian, 239. 
Polly (Gassoway), 239. 
Robert, 203. 
William, 203. 
Pitt, Ann (Faris), 198, 224. 
Ann Priscilla, 224. 
Faris, 243. 

Hannah, 234, 236, 240, 243. 

John, 243. 

Maria, 233. 

Nancy (Berrey), 237. 

Nancy (Faris), 219, 224, 228, 

229, 231, 242. 
Priscilla Ann, 228. 
R. M., 243. 
Rebecca, 234. 
Richard, 237. 
Sallv, 240, 243. 

William, 202, 210, 211, 218, 
219, 228, 230, 235, 236, 238. 
William Faris, 240, 241. 
Gapt. William, 198, 219, 220. 
Plater, Gov. George, 198, 200. 
Pleasants, J. Hall, 49, S8, S7, 102, 
198, 244. 

Pleasants, Skipwith Wilmer, elected, 
350. 

Pollock, Edwin T., 357. 
Poole, 219. 

Jane (Higgason), 224. 

John, 347. 
"Port Rovall," 346. 
Porter, William, 262. 
Powell, John, 47, 48. 

Dr. Noble C. elected, 353. 
Prescott, Gen. Robert, 11, 18. 



370 



MARYLAND HISTOWGAL MAGAZINE. 



Price, , 213. 

Elizabeth, 232. 
Lottie, 215. 
Thomas, 202. 
Proceedings of the Mabyland 
Court of Appeals, 1626-1729. Md. 
hy Carroll T. Bond, 356. 
Proceedings of the Society: 



November 14, 1932 49 

December 12, 1932 52 

January 9, 1933 55 

February 13, 1933 56,278 

February 13, 1933 (Annual 

Meeting ) 66 

March 13, 1933 279 

April 10, 1933 280 

May 8, 1933 350 

October 9, 1933 351 

November 13, 1933 351 

December 11, 1933 353 

" The Prospect," 349. 



Proudfit, Bev. Alexander, 7, 8. 
"Providence," 113. 
Pryce, Betsey, 214. 

Thomas, 201. 
Pryor, Margarett, 44. 

Thomas, 44, 346. 
Pullman, Rev. R. H., 8. 
Purdum, Bradley K., 280. 

Queen Anne Manor, 164. 
Quinlan, L. G., 310. 
Quynn, Mrs., 217. 

Allen, 199, 208, 219, 242. 

Harriott, 242. 

Nancy, 219, 222. 

Eadoliffe, George L., 53, 57, 279. 
Raleigh, Sir Walter, 290, 292, 296. 
Randall, Daniel R., 57. 
Randel, John, 236. 
Rankin, Mary, 243. 

Mrs. Mary, 228. 

Polly, 241. 
Reed, Bev. James, 268. 
Reeder, Charles M., 57. 
Reese, John S., 51. 
A Belation of Maryland, 1636, 303, 
304. 

Report of the Council, 68, 69, 60. 



Beports of Committees: 

Addresses 73 

Athenaeum 64 

Finance 68 

Gallery of Art 65 

Genealogy and Heraldry 70 

Library 67 

Membership 70 

Publications 69 

Treasurer 60 



Bepulae, {ahif), 15. 
Reves, Bdward, 47. 
Richardson, Mrs. Hester Dorsey (Al- 
bert Levin), 363. 
Thomas, 347. 
Rideout, John, 205. 
Ridgely, Carnan, 204, 209, 215. 

Jane (Johns), 357. 
Ridgley, Dr. John, 233. 

Elizabeth, 240. 

John, 223. 

Lydia, 226. 

Richard, 226, 229. 
Ridout, John, 226. 

Samuel, 202, 230. 
Riegel, John, 222. 
Riggs, Clinton L,, 55, 280. 

Lawrason, 57. 
Ritchie, Gov. Albert C, 352. 
Rittenhouse, James, elected, 352. 
Roberts, Dr. Jonathan, 224. 
Robertson, Elisha, 227. 

Nancy, 227. 
Robinson, Capt., 238. 

ROCKEPELLEE INSTITUTE RESTORA- 
TION Work at Williamsbubo, Va. 
William G. Perry, 351. 
Rodgers, Capt., 217. 
Rogers, John, 346. 

Capt. John, 211. 
Roosevelt, Franklin Delano, 352. 
Ross, John, 202. 

Mrs. Magge, 208. 
William, 201. 
Rotary Club, Baltimore, 354. 
Rowles, 229. 

Susan, 231. 
Royden, Matthew, 262. 
Rumley Creek, 346. 
Rumsey, Thomas, 347. 
"Rupalta," 44. 
"Rupalto," 44. 

RiTSS, William A., Jr., Disfranchise- 
ment in Maryland, 1861-67, 309. 
Russell, Foffter William Thomas, 113. 
Ryan, William P., 278. 
Ryley, John, 347. 

St. Augustine Branch, Balto. Co., 47. 
St. Barbara's Manor, 164. 
St. Clement's Island, 283. 

St. Dunstan's in the West, London, 

Ens., 301. 
St. Harman's Point, Balto. Co., 47. 
St. John's Manor, 164. 
St. Mary's City, 115, 283. 
St. Mary's (West) Manor, 164. 
Saire, William, 304. 
Sallaway, Anthony, 44. 
Salmon, Thomas, 46, 47, 48, 345 ff. 



371 



Salsbury, Sarah ( ), 347, 348. 

William, 345, 347, 348. 
Sanders, Robert, 48. 
Sands, William, 221. 
Sandys, Sir Edwin, 294, 300. 
Sangston, Lawrence, 311. 
Sara and Elizabeth (ship), 28, 29, 
260. 

Saunders, John, 304. 

" Savins Rest," 47. 

Scarlorough (ship), 22. 

Scarbrough, John, 262. 

Schenck, Gen. Robert Camming, 314, 

315, 316. 
Schneeberger, Rev. Dr. H. W., 8. 
Scisco, Lotris Dow. Baltimore 

County Land Records of 1672, 44. 
Soisoo, Louis Dow. Baltimore 

County Land Records of 167S, 345. 
Scott, Dr. Upton, 214, 235. 

Gen. Winfield, 310. 
Seney, Joshua, 229. 
Sedwell, Roger, 349. 
Selman, Leonard, 243. 

Mary (Rankin), 243. 
Semmes, Raphael, 57. 
Seventeenth and Eighteenth Cen- 

TUBY AbCHITECTDBE OF MABTIAND. 

Eewry Chandlee Forman, 356. 

Seward, William, 310, 311. 

Sejrmour, Gapt. R. Martin, 24. 

Shaaf, Dr. John Thomas, 205, 208. 

Shakespeare, William, 102, 105, 106. 

Shaller, Joshua, 348. 

Sharpe, Gov. Horatio, 143 ff. 

Shaw, James, 211. 

John, 201, 227. 

Peggy ( ) Stewart, 227. 

Shelton, Thomas, 346. 

Sheppard, John, 74. 

Mercy L., 74. 

Sherwood, George. American Colon- 
ists in English Records, 196. 

Shock, Catherine, 2. 
Magdalen, 2. 
William, 2. 

" Shoulder of Mutton Inn," 286. 

Showacre, Mrs. Elizabeth Bertilin, 
elected, 50. 

Shkiver, J. Alexis. The Old Houses 
of Earford County, 280. 

Shriver, J. Alexis, 56, 57, 279, 280, 
351, 352, 354, 355. 

Sibell, Henry, 223. 

Sidney, Sir Philip, 106. 

Sidwell, Roger, 349. 

Sill, Howard, 198. 

Silvaine, Daniell, 47. 

Simms, Major Joseph, 204. 



Sinnett, Gapt., 200. 
Skeel, Mrs. Emtlx E. Foed. Mason 
Locke Weems, his Works and 
Ways, 266. 
Skilling, Dr. William Quail, 278. 
Skirven, Percy G., 57. 
Smallwood, Elizabeth Garland, 282. 
Henrietta, 281. 
Ledstone, 281, 282. 
Gov. William, 198. 
Smith, C. S., 357. 

Mrs. Ida Austin, 282. 
Rev. J. Allison, 8. 
Jane (Crabb), 357. 
Nathaniel, 236. 
Robert, 230. 
Thomas, 264, 265. 
Snow Commerce (ship), 208. 
Snow Hill Manor, 164. 
Snowden, John, 166. 

Thomas, 166. 
Sollers, Basil, elected, 353. 
Sothoron, £. H., 352. 
Southebe, William, 346. 
Sower, Charles, 135. 
Spa Creek, 113. 
SpiUcer, Julia E., elected, 352. 
Sprigg, Deborah, 232. 

Elizabeth, 206. 
Richard, 166, 219. 
Dr. William Mercer, elected. 
352. 

Spry, Oliver, 47. 

" Spryes Marsh," 347. 

Stanly, William, 48. 

Stanton, Edwin McMasters, 311. 

Star Spangled Banner, 276, 353, 354. 

Steelpone Bay, 45, 46. 

Steelpone Creek, 47. 

Stehman, Mrs. Catherine Bibb, elect- 
ed, 56. 

Steiner, Bernard C, 55. 

Stcuart, Dr. George, 145, 163, 166, 
169, 170. 

Stevens, Thaddeus, 321, 322, 
Vatchell, 215, 217. 

Stevenson, John, 166. 

Stewart, Charles, 229. 

Capt. John, 217, 227. 
Peggy ( ), 227. 

Stiklpkamp, Mense, 348. 

Stiles, Nathaniell, 44, 45, 47. 

Sterling, Archibald, 318, 319. 

Stiruns, Gen., 20. 

" Stoakley Manner," 48. 

Stodcett, Francis, 44. 

Henry, 44, 205. 
Eatherine, 44. 



$72 



MASTXAND UimmmOAL KA&AZIKi:. 



stone, Gen. Charles Pomeroy, 312. 

Gov. WlUlam, 113, 114, 216. 
Stony Point, 348. 
Stow, John Carroll, elected, 351. 
Strand, Abraham, 346. 
Stratton, Rev. Lewis, 270. 
Studebaker, Rev. A. H., 7, 8. 
Sturman, John, 262. 

Thomas, 262. 
Sullivan, Gen. John, 11. 
Sumner, Charles, 324. 

Joseph, 46. 
Supplee, Gapt. J. Prank, 8. 
Swan Creek, 345, 346, 347. 
" Swan Harbour," 47. 
Swann, Gov. Thomas, 315, 320, 324, 

325, 326. 
" Swanson," 47. 
Swanson, Edward, 47. 
Syms, Richard, 47. 
Szold, Babbi Benjamin, 8. 

Henrietta, 8. 

Talbot, Grace (Calvert), 297. 
Sir Robert, 297. 
Walter Cecil, 297. 
Taldersby, Thomas, 349. 
Talterby, Thomas, 350. 
Taney, Roger B., 281. 
Tarkenton, John, 47. 
Tasker, Benjamin, 166. 
Tavernor, Oapf. Henry, 29. 
Tayler, Phillipp, 38. 
Taylor, John, 47, 345. 
Ludwell, 239. 
Robert, 345. 
Thomas McNear, 238. 
"Taylors Delight," 345. 
" Taylors Mount," 45, 46, 47, 347. 
Telegraph and Daily Advertiser, 274. 
Telson, Roger, 231. 
Tench Tilghman's Ride. By B. 

Lairoie Weston, 138. 
Tevis, Col. C. C, 315, 316. 
Thom, DeCourcy Wright, 60. 
Thomas, Gen., 9. 
Thomas, Betsey, 217. 

Rev. C F., elected, 352. 
David, 349, 359. 
Elizabeth, 239, 241. 
James, 237, 239, 241. 
Capt. James, 216, 221, 227, 

231, 238. 
Col. John, 227. 
John L., 327. 
Maria, 212, 221, 238. 
Philip F., 323, 324. 
Richard Henry, elected, 
278. 



Thompson, H. Oliver, 55. 

James C, elected, 352. 
Joseph C, 74. 
Maurice, 189, 191. 
Mercy L., 74. 
Dr. Robert, 281. 
Ruhamah, 74. 
Sarah, 74. 
Gen. William, 281. 
Thomsen, John Jacob, Jr., 278. 
Thomson, Capt. Alexander, 74. 
Charles, 242. 
Deborah (Chapline), 74. 
John, 74. 

Ruhamah (Chapline), 74. 
Rev. Samuel, 74, 281. 
Rev. William, 281. 
Thornbury, Delmar L., elected, 351. 
Thurrell, Richard, 46. 
Thurston, Thomas, 349. 
Tilden, Dr. Charles, 237. 

Harvey (Howard), 237. 

Louisa Harvey, 237. 
Tilghman, Edward, 151, 152. 
Mathew, 170. 
Tench, 138. 
Tillar, John, 47. 
Tillard, John, 47. 
Todd, Anna, 46. 
Tome, Peter E., 57. 
Tootel, Mrs. Ann, 224, 240. 

John, 209, 213. 
Tompson, Capt., 234. 
Torrence, Robert M., elected, 353. 
Torson, Andrew, 347. 
Torson's Creek, 347. 
Toulson, William, 45, 347. 
Towers, John, 47. 
Townsend, Thomas, 223. 
Tracey, Arthur, elected, 350. 

Samuel, 46, 47, 347. 
Travers, Capt., 205. 
Trimble, Gen. Isaac Ridgeway, 314. 
Troute, Thomas, 349. 
Trum, Major, 207. 
Truman, Capt. AUex, 198, 199. 
Trumbull, Lyman, 324. 
" The Tryangle," 348. 
"Tryumph," 46, 348. 
Tuck, William, 223, 224. 
Tudor Hall, Belair, Harford Co., 352. 
Turgis, Simon, 189, 190. 
"Turkey Hill," 349. 
" Turkey Point," 348. 
Turnbuil, Pollv, 227. 
Turtle, Robert, 260, 262, 265. 
Tuttle, Rev. A. H., 8. 
" Two Necks," 348. 
Tyler, Mri. JeAn Paul, ^eeted, 351. 



373 



Tyrconnell, Earl of, see Carpenter. 
Tyrrell, Anthony, 303. 
Tyson, A. Morris, 57. 

Ubancke, Henry, 195. 
Urie, John D., 353. 
Urlnson, Neales, 45. 
Utle, Barnard, 348. 

George, 46, 349. 

Kathaniel, 345. 

Vandyck, Sir Anthony, 305. 
Vanheck, John, 44, 45, 46, 47, 345, 
346, 347, 348. 

Sarah ( ), 345. 

Verulam, Lc/rd, see Bacon, Franeui. 
Viatt, Rev., 240. 
Vincent, John M., 57. 

Walker, Edward, 39. 

Henry M., eleoied, 353. 

John, 263. 

Rebecka, 214. 
Wall, Sallle, 211. 

Wallace, Charles, 199, 204, 223, 228, 
. 238, 239. 
George, 271. 
Gen. Lew, 316. 

Mary ( ) Rankin, 228. 

Walters, Henry, 353, 354. 
Ward, Elizabeth R., elected, 279. 
Hamilton, 322. 
Henry, 46, 48, 345, 346, 347. 
Mathew, 45. 
Wardour Castle, Wiltshire, Eng., 306 

(Illus), 307, 308. 
Warf, Bllinor (Brewer), 219. 

James, 219. 
Warfleld, 206, 217. 
Warner, Mr.i. Theodore, 55. 
Warrick, Mrs. James M., elected, 353. 
Warthan, Nicholas, 205. 
Washington, George, 56, 209, 2SB. 
Washington (ship), 22. 
Waters, Francis E., 57. 

Mrs. Jane (Woodward), 

232. 
Nathan, 210. 
Waterton, John, 45, 47, 345, 347. 
Watkins, Edward, 302. 

Stephens, 203. 
Watson, James, 346. 
Wvmen, Charles, 211. 
Webster, John, 347. 
Weeden, Oliver, 203, 204, 209, 225. 

Weems, , 230. 

Ann, 267. 

David, 266, 267, 268, 269, 
270, 271. 



David Gustavus, 270. 
Dolly, 271. 

Dorcas ( ), 270, 271. 

Easter ( ), 267, 268. 

Elizabeth (Eidgley), 240, 
266, 267. 

Ester, 267, 268. 

George, 268. 

George Gray, 269. 

Gustavus, 265, 266, 268, 269. 
270, 271. 

Harriette, 265. 

James, 240, 266. 

Jane Dorcas, 269. 

Rev. J. 0. Summers Gus- 
tavus, 270. 

John, 214, 224, 266. 

Lock, 266. 

M. Dorcas (Gray), 269. 
Margaret, 269, 271. 
Margaret (Harrison), 268. 
Margaret J., 269. 
Mason, 268. 
Mason Lock, 268. 
Rev. Mason Lock, 265, 206. 
Rachel, 268. 
Rachel (Harrison), 271. 
Rachel Thompson, 269. 
Richard, 214, 267. 
Sidney, 268. 
Susannah, 267. 
Theodore, 268. 
Theodore Mason, 269. 
Thomas Lane, 267. 
William, 266, 267. 
Willimina, 267. 
Weems Bible, 265, 266. 
Weems Genealogy, 265. 
Welch, Dr. William H., 105. 
Weld, Rev. Charles R., 8. 

Mrs. Charles R., 56, 65. 
Wells, Daniel, 237. 

Gapt. George, 45, 46. 
James, 347. 
John, 226, 230, 242. 
Ri^ard. 229. 
Susan, 237. 
Welsh, H., 202. 

William, 347. 
Werner, Charles J., eleoted, 352. 

West, , 218. 

David, 243. 

Henrietta (Lloyd), 229. 
James, 199, 238. 
Gapt. James, 214. 216. 
Pesrtrv (Wittacor), 216. 
Philip. 263. 
Richard, 229. 
West St. Mary's Manor, 164. 



374: 



MABTLATTD HI§TOBICAL MAGAZINE. 



WESTOif, B. Latbobk Tench Tilgh- 

man's Ride, 138. 
Weymouth, Thomas, 47, 48. 
Weyry, Capt., 26. 
Wheeler, Jack, 231. 
Whitcroft, Burton, 218. 

Dorothy, 213. 

Fanny, 209, 210, 217, 219. 

Henry, 219, 225. 

Katie, 222. 

Kitty, 211. 

Sallie, 210, 217. 

Sarah (Whitcroft), 219. 

William, 203, 205, 207, 
218, 225, 280, 231, 282, 
239. 

White, Father Andrew, 801, 3^. 
White, Henry, 46. 

James, 346. 

Lewis, 39. 

Thomas, 262. 
White Plains Manor, 165. 
Whyte, Gov. William P., 4. 
Wild, Abraham, 46, 47. 
Wilkenson, Charles, elected, 278. 
Witkins, Ura. Oner, 199. 
Polly, 203. 
William, 203. 
WUUam and Mary (ship), 11. 
Williams, Elizabeth (Thomas), 239, 
241. 

Hugh, 44, 45, 347. 

James, 202, 204, 207, 209. 

Capt. Jamea, 228. 

Lodowick, 47. 

Rowland, 47, 346. 

Thomas, 39, 239. 
Williamsburg, Va., 351. 
Williamson, William, 263. 
"Williamston," 45. 
Willmore, 240. 

Jonathan, 208. 
Willse, Dr. Raymond Gerard, elected, 
353. 

Willson, Robert, 44. 

Thomas, 219. 
Wilmot, Wilmott, , 200. 

Elizabeth, 233. 
Wilson, , 223. 

Thomas, 208. 

Mrs. William Thomas, 350. 
Wimes, William, 206. 
Winans, Thomas, 53. 
Windebank, Bt. Hon. Francis, 307. 
Windlestone Hall, Yorkshire, Eng., 
305, 306. 



Winebrenner, D. Charles, elected, 50. 
Winley, Richard, 46, 347. 
Winn, Bev. David Watson, 49. 

Elizabeth Jarvis, 49, 50. 
Wintour, La'dy Anne, 303, 304. 
Edward, 303, 304. 
Frederick, 303, 304. 
Wiseman, Henry, 304. 

Sir Thomas, 304. 
Wittacor, feggy, 216. 
Wolfe, Capt., 26. 
Wood, Anthony, 288, 289. 
Woodcock, Harry, 198. 
Woodward, 201. 

Abraham, 197. 
Daisy, 51. 
Henry, 203, 222. 
Jane, 232. 
Peter, 242. 
Priscilla, 197. 
Priscilla (Orrick), 197. 
Thomas, 211, 213, 232, 
233. 

William, 200, 222, 229. 
Wool Cote Manor, 164. 
"Woolfes Neck," 347. 
Woolsey Manor, St. Mary's Co., 163, 
164. 

"The Worlds End," 45. 

Worthington, John, 222. 

Nicholas, 203. 

Worton Creek, 47, 347, 348. 

Wrath, Elizabeth, 48. 

James, 48, 349. 

Wrayeth, James, 348. 

Wright, Major, 208. 

Betsy, 206, 207. 
Nicholas, 263. 
Richard, 348. 

Weoth, Lawrence C. History of 
Printing in Colonial Mary- 
land, 119. 

Wyatt, Thomas, 39. 

Yates, Thomas, 206, 229. 
Yellott, Capt., 220, 221. 
Youghiogheny River, 163. 
Young, Dr. Hugh Hampton, 306. 

Mrs. James (Sarah Gor- 
such), 280. 

Liddia, 214. 

Polly TurnbuU, 227. 

Zachariah Manor, 164. 
Zoest, Gerard, 302, 305.